Construction of a dust chamber didactic kit and computational fluid dynamics assessment: an active learning practice

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i11.10069

Keywords:

Active learning; Project Based Learning; Solid-gas separation.

Abstract

Laboratory practices for separation of solid-gas mixtures are part of the curriculum of different engineering courses. The objective of this work was the construction and evaluation of a didactic bench kit for particles separation in the gravitational chamber, used industrially for dust collection. The kit was designed and built by students from the Unit Operations Laboratory discipline, which used the Oriented Project, as an active teaching methodology. Thus, this work is relevant because incorporates an active method in the building process of knowledge, it also enables the acquisition of low-cost equipment for teaching laboratories. The geometry of the separation chamber was compact and used a cooler to promote air supply. About 234.5 g of sand was fed at the entrance of the equipment. After collecting the particles throughout the chamber, the samples were sieved, in order to calculate the individual collection efficiency. The cutting diameter of the particles retained in each compartment was calculated by literature correlations and computational fluid dynamics simulations. Through the simulations, the air velocity profile inside the chamber and the trajectory of the particles were obtained. The experimental results showed a global collection efficiency close to 100%, in which about 94% of the particles were collected in the first compartment. The cutting diameter values predicted by correlations and computer simulations were similar and close to those observed experimentally. Thus, this work developed a simple, low-cost and efficient didactic kit for solid-gas separation.

Author Biography

Kassia Graciele dos Santos, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro

Chemical Engineering Department

References

Almeida, N. P., & Santos, K. G. (2020). Chemical Engineering Laboratory teaching using Project-based learning approach: gas adsorption using banana peel. Research, Society and Development, 9(3), e184932716. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i3.2716

Almeida, N. P., Canhadas, M. C., Albertini, M. R. M. C., Santos, K. G., & Vieira Neto, J. L. (2020). Solid–fluid separation in the gravitational field: Courseware generation using computational fluid dynamics simulation. Computer Applications in Engineering Education. cae.22327, 1-14, https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.22327

Araújo, B. S. A., & Santos, K. G. (2017). CFD Simulation of Different Flow Regimes of the Spout Fluidized Bed with Draft Plates. Mateial Science Forum, 899, 89–94. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.899.89

Belarmino, L. M., Dias, M. A. M., Melo, A. C., Batista, D. E. O., Araújo, F. M., & Ramos, T. S. (2020). Route and strategies for implementing active methodologies in a higher education institution. Research, Society and Development, 9(7), e532974293. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.4293

Bigolin, N. M., Silveira, S. R., Bertolini, C., Almeida, I. C., Geller, M., Parreira, F. J., Cunha, G. B. da, & Macedo, R. T. (2020). Active Learning Methodologies: an experience report in the courses of programming and data structure. Research, Society and Development, 9(1), e74911648. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1648

Bossi, K. M. L., & Schimiguel, J. (2020). Active methodologies in the teaching of Mathematics: state of the art. Research, Society and Development, 9(4), e47942819. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i4.2819

Branco, B. P., & Mello, A. S. (2020). Active methodology in training engineers and relations with Science and Technology and Society. Research, Society and Development, 9(4), e120942929. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i4.2929

Brescovit, L. E., Almeida, L. I. M. V., Ventura, I. G. S., & Silva, A. R. (2020). Active methodologies applied in the pedagogy course and initial years in Tangará da Serra, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e276997365. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7365

Capellato, P., Ribeiro, L. M. S., & Sachs, D. (2019). Active Methodologies in the Teaching-Learning Process Using Seminars as Educational Tools in the General Chemistry Curricular Component. Research, Society and Development, 8(6), e50861090. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v8i6.1090

Costa, F. V., Negro-Dellacqua, M., Souza, I. F., Rabelo, B. D., Savi, G. D. & Bortolotto, T. (2020). Use of innovative strategies in the teaching of hematology: an experience in medical education. Research, Society and Development, 9(5), e36953181. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i5.3181

Cremasco, M. A. (2014). Operações unitárias em sistemas particulados e fluidomecânicos. 2ª Ed. São Paulo: Blucher.

Cruz, D. M., & Gomes, A. C. F. (2019). Project Based Learning (PjBL) in engineering teaching: experience report on the discipline of Control Systems I at the Federal University of Mato Grosso. Research, Society and Development, 8(2), e3882732. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v8i2.732

Dias, M. A. M., Oliveira, A. N. H., Souza, J. S., Rosa, F. T., Maia, T. S. C., & Belarmino, L. M. (2020). Domain of the use of active methodologies by undergraduate Nursing students. Research, Society and Development, 9(8), e364985169. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i8.5169

Dube, S. P., Ghadlinge, M. S., Mungal, S. U., Tamboli, S. B., & Kulkarni, M. B. (2014). Students Perception towards Problem Based Learning. Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, 13 (5), 49-53. https://doi.org/10.15537/smj.2015.3.10216

Faria, M. B., Parente, R. S., Bastos, R. S., Silva, W. F., Ferreira, F. M.; Alencar, D. B.; Lima, B. A. V., & Barros, I. N. (2020). The importance of the use of scientific experiments for Science education in Fundamental Education: A case study. Research, Society and Development, 9(7), e311974159. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.4159

Freitas, F. R. N., Souza, A. T. S., Carvalho, N. A., & Pedrosa, J. I. S. (2020). Active methodologies in medicine courses: an integrative review. Research, Society and Development, 9(7), e151973922. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.3922

Gonçalves, R. M. (2020). The use of new communication technologies favoring the learning of science teaching in elementary school. Research, Society and Development, 9(2), e104922065. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i2.2065

Hassan, S. L. (2014). The Problem-Based Learning Gaze: A Foucaultian Perspective. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5 (10), 443-450.

Lima, M. M. de O., Cardoso, T. C., Santos Filho, F. S., Martins, F. A. & Almeida, P. M. (2020). Practical Biology activities: an Investigative Teaching Sequence about the Cell Cycle. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e611997801. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7801

Magalhães, M. dos S. C., Sousa, Âdrea C. de, & Azevedo, G. M. (2020). Contributions of Nursing Preceptorship in the context of Primary Health Care from the perspective of active methodologies. Research, Society and Development, 9(7), e270973681.

Massarani, G. (2002). Fluidodinâmica em sistemas particulados. (2a ed.), Rio de Janeiro: E-papers.

Negro-Dellacqua, M., Carvalho Junior, P. M., Sá-Junior, A. R., Bortolotto, T., Costa, F. V. & Sousa, I. F. de. (2019). Potentials and challenges of application of active methodologies in Physiotherapy teaching: student vision. Research, Society and Development, 8(5), e32851022. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v8i5.1022

Neufeld, C. B., Ferreira, I. M. F., Caetano, K. A. de S. & Versuti, F. M. (2020). Problem-Based Learning: Exploratory Study of Perception of Psychology Students. Research, Society and Development, 9(5), e48952109. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i5.2109

Paula, J. A. A. de, Faria, Érica V. de, Lima, A. C. P., Vieira Neto, J. L. & Santos, K. G. (2020). Computational simulation of soybean particles flow in a hopper using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and discrete elements method (DEM). Research, Society and Development, 9(8), e448985463. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i8.5463

Rocha, A. A., Stoppe, A. C. R., Silvério, B. C., Santos, K. G. & Neto, J. L. V. (2020). Drying of malt residues in a solar greenhouse and in a fixed bed solar dryer. Research, Society and Development, 9(7), e447974335. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.4335

Sanchotene, I. J., Fumagalli, L. M. R., Vargas, V.C. & Ilha, P. V. (2020). Physical activity level and health risk behavior of Physical Education students. Research, Society and Development, 9(8), e233985693. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i8.5693

Santos, K. G., Francisquetti, M. C. C., Malagoni, R. A., & Barrozo, M. A. S. (2015). Fluid Dynamic Behavior in a Spouted Bed with Binary Mixtures Differing in Size. Drying Technology, 33(14), 1746-1757. https://doi.org/10.1080/07373937.2015.1036284

Santos, E. H., Nakamoto, P. T., & Lima, G. G. (2020). Systematic literature review in learning based on high school projects. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e386996425. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.6425

Santos, K. G., Ferreira, L. V., Santana, R. C., & Barrozo, M. A. S. (2017). CFD simulation of spouted bed working with a size distribution of sand particles: segregation aspects. Materials Science Forum, 899, 95-100. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.899.95

Shitsuka, D. M., Pereira, A. S., Shitsuka, R. & Boghi, C. (2019). Active learning of programming in engineering classes: an action research study. Research, Society and Development, 8(3), e1783652. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v8i3.652

Silberman, M. (1996). Active learning: 101 strategies do teach any subject. Massachusetts: Ed. Allyn and Bacon.

Silva, J. C., Martins, C. M., & Silva, R. V. (2020). Elaboration of a didactic sequence in the teaching of Chemistry structured in an active methodology with a generator theme: the coffee. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e459997253. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7253

Silvério, B. C., Santos, K. G., Duarte, C. R., & Barrozo, M. A. S. (2014). Effect of the Friction, Elastic, and Restitution Coefficients on the Fluid Dynamics Behavior of a Rotary Dryer Operating with Fertilizer. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53(21), 8920-8926 https://doi.org/10.1021/ie404220h

Stoppe, A. C. R., Neto, J. L. V. & Santos, K. G. (2020). Development of a fixed bed solar dryer: experimental study and CFD simulation. Research, Society and Development, 9(3), e123932667. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i3.2667

Tolfo, C. (2020). Problem-based learning and process modeling in teaching information systems. Research, Society and Development, 9(2), e72922087. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i2.2087

Tombini, C.; Machado Junior, F. R. S. & Dalcanton, F. (2020). Different teaching methodologies in quality control class. Research, Society and Development, 9(10), e4869108730. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i10.8730

Utsumi, A. G. (2020). Use of Active Learning Methodology in the Geographic Information Systems discipline. Research, Society and Development, 9(7), e904975014. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.5014

Welter, R. B., Foletto, D. S., & Bortoluzzi, V. I. (2020). Active methodologies: a possibiity for students multiliteracy. Research, Society and Development, 9(1), e106911664. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1664

Published

19/11/2020

How to Cite

Mangucci, C. B., Stoppe, A. C. R., Morais, A. A., Melo, Y. A., Merola, G. N. ., & Santos, K. G. dos. (2020). Construction of a dust chamber didactic kit and computational fluid dynamics assessment: an active learning practice. Research, Society and Development, 9(11), e41691110069. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i11.10069

Issue

Section

Education Sciences