Nursing care for mild cases of COVID-19
Keywords:Coronavirus infections; Signs and symptoms; Nursing diagnosis.
The objective was to identify the possible diagnoses and nursing interventions in patients affected by the mild form of COVID-19 using the CIPE 2019 taxonomy. This is an integrative literature review, carried out by means of a bibliographic survey based on secondary data. The present study analyzes and synthesizes a compilation of scientific evidence related to the guiding question and allows for obtaining full conclusions about the research problem. Nine articles were selected. When reading the selected studies, an analysis of the most frequent signs and symptoms was obtained among adult patients with COVID-19. The prevalence of clinical conditions with systemic involvement was observed, including fever, fatigue, myalgia, and respiratory impairment, such as non-productive cough, dyspnoea, hemoptysis. In addition to these, manifestations related to the nervous system were observed, such as headache, anosmia, ageusia, as well as those present in the gastrointestinal system, in view of diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. From the most prevalent manifestations, Nursing Diagnoses and Interventions were listed. The present study has relevance for elucidating the Nursing Diagnoses and the nurses' conduct in the face of mild cases of COVID-19, in order to establish the systematization of care in a satisfactory manner, in the face of events related to this condition.
Bitencourt, G. R., Elias, J., Barbosa, S., Marx, C., Taets, C., Ceccon, L., Coutinho, R. P., Glauco, G., & Carelli, D. C. (2020). Padrões funcionais de saúde em adultos com covid-19 na terapia intensiva : fundamentando diagnósticos de enfermagem. International Journal of Development Research, 10(06), 36540–36544.
Brasil. (2020). Ministério da Saúde. Protocolo de Manejo Clínico do Coronavírus (Covid-19) na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde.
Carrillo-Larco, R. M., & Altez-Fernandez, C. (2020). Anosmia and dysgeusia in COVID-19: A systematic review. Wellcome Open Research, 5(94). https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15917.1
Conselho Internacional de Enfermagem. (2020). Classificação Internacional para Prática da Enfermagem: CIPE®. Versão 2019/2020. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2020.
Dantas, T. P., Alexandro, C., Teixeira, V. R., Roriston, R., Isabel, M., Rafael, L., Sampaio, L., & Pinheiro, W. R. (2020). Diagnósticos de enfermagem para pacientes com COVID-19. Journal Health NPEPS, 5(1), 396–416. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.30681/252610104575
Díaz-Castrillón, F. J., & Toro-Montoya, A. I. (2020). SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19: el virus, la enfermedad y la pandemia. Medicina y Laboratorio, 24(3), 183–205. https://doi.org/10.36384/01232576.268
Ghayda, R. A., Lee, J., Lee, J. Y., Kim, D. K., Lee, K. H., Hong, S. H., Han, Y. J., Kim, J. S., Yang, J. W., Kronbichler, A., Smith, L., Koyanagi, A., Jacob, L., & Shin, J. Il. (2020). Correlations of Clinical and Laboratory Characteristics of COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(14), 5026. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145026
Grant, M. C., Geoghegan, L., Arbyn, M., Mohammed, Z., McGuinness, L., Clarke, E. L., & Wade, R. G. (2020). The prevalence of symptoms in 24,410 adults infected by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19): A systematic review and meta-analysis of 148 studies from 9 countries. PLoS ONE, 15(6 June). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234765
Manabe, T., Akatsu, H., Kotani, K., & Kudo, K. (2020). Trends in clinical features of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19): A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published from December 2019 to February 2020. Respiratory Investigation, 58(5), 409–418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resinv.2020.05.005
Mendes, K. D. S., Silveira, R. C. de C. P., & Galvão, C. M. (2019). Uso de gerenciador de referências bibliográficas na seleção dos estudos primários em revisão integrativa. In Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem (Vol. 28). scielo.
Opas. (2020). Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde. Folha informativa – COVID-19 (doença causada pelo novo coronavírus). Recuperado de https://www.paho.org/bra/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6101:covid19&Itemid=875
Queiroz, A. G. S., De Souza, R. Z., Sottocornola, S. F., Barbosa, S. J., Pinheiro, F. A., & Souza, L. P. de. (2020). Diagnósticos de enfermagem segundo a taxonomia da NANDA internacional para sistematização da assistência de enfermagem a COVID-19. Journal of Health & Biological Sciences, 8(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.12662/2317-3076jhbs.v8i1.3352.p1-6.2020
Rodriguez-Morales, A. J., Cardona-Ospina, J. A., Gutiérrez-Ocampo, E., Villamizar-Peña, R., Holguin-Rivera, Y., Escalera-Antezana, J. P., Alvarado-Arnez, L. E., Bonilla-Aldana, D. K., Franco-Paredes, C., Henao-Martinez, A. F., Paniz-Mondolfi, A., Lagos-Grisales, G. J., Ramírez-Vallejo, E., Suárez, J. A., Zambrano, L. I., Villamil-Gómez, W. E., Balbin-Ramon, G. J., Rabaan, A. A., Harapan, H., … Sah, R. (2020). Clinical, laboratory and imaging features of COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 34, 101623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101623
Sun, P., Qie, S., Liu, Z., Ren, J., Li, K., & Xi, J. (2020). Clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection: A single arm meta-analysis. Journal of Medical Virology, 92(6), 612–617. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.25735
Xie, Y., Wang, Z., Liao, H., Marley, G., Wu, D., & Tang, W. (2020). Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory findings of the COVID-19 in the current pandemic: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Infectious Diseases, 20(1), 640. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05371-2
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Thandara Rejane Santos Ferreira Andrade; Grayce Ellen Souza Rezende; Ianka Heloisa Alencar Santos ; Erivelton Cunha Torres; Sávio Menezes Farias ; Yasmim Anayr Costa Ferrari ; Anderson Batista Cavalcante ; Rebecca Maria Oliveira de Góis; Carla Viviane Freitas de Jesus; Manuela de Carvalho Vieira Martins
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.