Factors related to the intensification of hospital nursing work
Keywords:Nursing; Work; Working conditions; Work load; Worker's health.
Objective: to identify factors related to the intensification of nursing work in the hospital environment. Method: an integrative literature review study, whose bibliographic survey was carried out in August and September 2019, in six health databases. The sample consisted of 20 articles. Data were systematized using the Thematic Content Analysis technique. Results: the intensification of nursing work is related to institutional / labor factors with a focus on job insecurity, under-dimensioning of staff with a consequent increase in workload, weaknesses in working conditions and relationships, extension and / or duplicity in the workday. work and, in the meantime, the performance of several tasks simultaneously. Among the human factors, the occurrence of physical and emotional changes in the workers, increased stress, exhaustion, fragile relationships and increased absenteeism stand out. In relation to clinical factors, they are related to the increase in the rates of admissions to hospital discharge, increase in the mortality rates of patients and length of hospital stay. Conclusion: it is evident that the intensification of nursing work in the hospital environment comes from institutional / work factors, human factors and those related to the clinical condition of patients. The study may contribute to support and encourage discussions on the theme, enabling the formulation of strategies aimed at workers' health and improving the quality of care offered to patients.
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