Adolescent obesity: a profile currently outlined through narrative review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i1.11857

Keywords:

Obesity; Adolescents; Narrative review.

Abstract

Obesity is a clinical condition characterized by excessive accumulation of fat in the body, considered a multifactorial genetic disease, aggravated by environmental, psychological, cultural, hereditary, dietary, hormonal and metabolic factors. This research aims to discuss obesity in adolescence during school years through a literature review. As a methodological process, it is a simple narrative review study. The data collection for this study was made from a bibliographic survey through electronic search of articles indexed in Scielo, Google Scholar, Lilacs, reliable sites, Ministry of Health manuals. As results presented, it can be noted that , in recent years, there has been a large number of cases of obesity in childhood and adolescence. Several researches point out that this sudden increase in obesity may be associated with several contributing factors such as: bad eating habits, physical inactivity, genetic factors, socioeconomic level and emotional factors. Studies show that genetic factors have a major influence on the increase in obesity, which is a complex and heterogeneous disease. It is important to note that genetic factors alone do not explain weight gain. Thus, the combination of genes with the factors mentioned above are involved in the development of the most common forms of obesity. Several treatments were mentioned during this review, with physical activity in adolescence together with SEM having a fundamental role in the treatment and prevention of obesity.

References

Abeso. (2009). Associação Brasileira para o Estudo da Obesidade e da Síndrome Metabólica Diretrizes brasileiras de obesidade 2009/2010 - Associação Brasileira para o Estudo da Obesidade e da Síndrome Metabólica. (3a ed.), AC Farmacêutica.

Brasil - Ministério da Saúde. (2006). Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde. Departamento de Atenção Básica. Obesidade. - Brasília: Ministério da Saúde.

Brunenr & Suddar. (2005). Tratado de Enfermagem Médico- Cirúrgico. Guanabara Koogan.

Campfield, L. A., Smith, F. J., Guisez, Y., Devos, R., & Burn, P. (1995). Recombinant mouse OB protein: evidence for a peripheral signal linking adiposity and central neural networks. Comment in: Science; 269(5223):475-6.

Chen, H., Charlat, O., Tartaglia, L. A., Woolf, E. A., Weng, X., & Ellis, S. (1996). Evidence that the gene encodes the leptin receptor: Indentification of a mutation in the leptin receptor gene in db/db mice. Cell; 84: 491-5.

Considine, R. V., Sinha, M. K., Heilman, M. L., Kriavuciunas, A., Stephens, T. W., & Nyce, M. R. (1996). Serum immunoreactive-leptin concentrations in normal-weigth and obese humans. N Engl J Med; 334:292-95. Development of waist circumference percentiles in British children aged 5.0-16.9

Domingues, T., Oliveira, L. N. (2006). Obesidade Infantil e Suas Complicações: assistência de enfermagem. Ver Enferm UNISA; 7,57-9

Enes C., Slater C. B. (2010). Obesidade na adolescência e seus principais fatores determinantes. Rev Bras Epidemiol; 13(1), 163-71

Gil, A. C. (2012). Métodos e Técnicas de Pesquisas Social. (6a ed.), Altas.

Green Ed, M. M., Braden, V. V, Proenca, R., Silva, U., Zhang, Y. (1995). The human obese (OB) gene: RNA expression pattern and mapping on the physical, cytogenetic, and genetic maps of chromosome 7. Genome Res; 5(1).

Howlend, R. D. (2007). Farmacologia Ilustrada: Tradução Augusto Longeloh. Artmed.

Haynes, R. B. (1994). Developing optimal search strategies for detecting clinically sound studies in medline. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA, 1(6), 447-458.

Maffei, M., Halaas, J., Ravussin, E., Pratley, R. E., Lee, G. H., & Zhang, Y. (1995). Leptin levels in human and rodent: measurement of plasma leptin and ob RNA in obese and weight-reduced subjects. Nat Med; 1(11), 1155-61.

Marcondes, E. et al. (2002). Obesidade. In: Pediatria Básica, Tomo I- Pediatria Geral e Neonatal. (9a ed.), Sarvier, 682-686.

Pereira, P. J. A., & Lopes, L. S. C. (2012). Obesidade Infantil: Estudo Em Crianças Num Atl. Millenium. 105-125.

Sánchez, M. B. (1997). Genes y obesidad. An Esp Pediatr; 46, 1-2

Sbp-Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria. (2012). Obesidade na infância e adolescência – Manual de Orientação / Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria. Departamento Científi co de Nutrologia. (2a ed.), SBP.

Schwartz, M. W., Woods, S. C., Porte, D. Jr., Seeley, R. J., & Baskin, D. G. (2000). Central nervous system control of food intake. Nature; 404(6778), 661-71. Review.

Senac, D. C. (2008) Nutrição e dietética. (2a ed.), Atual: editora Senac Nacional.

Souza, N. P. P., Oliveira, M. R. M. (2008). O ambiente como elemento determinante da obesidade. Rev Simbio-Logias; 1(1), 159-62

Teixeira Neto, F. (2009). Nutrição Clínica. Guanabara Koagon.

Valle, J. M. N., & Euclydes, M. P. (2007). A formação dos hábitos alimentares na infância: uma revisão de alguns aspectos abordados na literatura nos últimos dez anos. Revista APS, 10(1), 56-65.

Varella, D. (2006). Borboleta da alma: escrito sobre ciência e saúde. Companhia das letras.

Velásquez-Meléndez, G., & Pimenta, A. M. (2004). Epidemiologia do sobrepeso e da obesidade e seus fatores determinantes em Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil: estudo transversal de base populacional. Ver Panam Salud Publica; 16(5), 308–14.

Warden, N. S., & Wander, C. H. (1997). Pediatric obesity: An overview of etiology and treatment. Pediatr Clin North Am; 4, 339-61. y." European journal of clinical nutrition 55.10 (2001), 902-907.

Published

11/01/2021

How to Cite

NASCIMENTO, M. B. do .; PORTO , M. de J. .; SOUZA, J. P. de .; GUERRA, M. de F. S. de S. .; ARAUJO , A. M. B. .; ANDRADE, W. B. de .; SANTANA , W. N. B. de .; SANTOS, G. P. .; SANTANA , A. F. de .; SILVA, S. R. S. . Adolescent obesity: a profile currently outlined through narrative review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. e26710111857, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i1.11857. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/11857. Acesso em: 19 jan. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences