Diversity of mesoinvertebrates associated with aerobic treatment of home organic solid waste

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i1.12173

Keywords:

Environment; Biological treatment; Gestão ambiental; Biodiversity.

Abstract

The mesoinvertebrates cause changes in the physical and chemical properties of organic matter during the composting process. They are excellent recyclers of organic matter. The aim of this study was to evaluate the density and diversity of mesoinvertebrates in an aerobic treatment system for home organic solid waste. The work carried out in Campina Grande, state of Paraíba, Brazil, followed the principles of experimental research. Solid organic waste was collected in 46 residences, previously segregated in the generating source. For 15 weeks the system was monitored daily. During composting, 1.258 individuals belonging to six orders were collected: Diptera (88.5%), Mesostigmata (5.5%), Coleoptera (2.4%), Isopoda (2.4%), Araneae (0.6% ) and Orthoptera (0.6%).  In the composting process, three distinct phases were observed, in which the species were differentiated. It was found that during the treatment system for household solid organic waste, there is considerable participation of organisms that act in the different phases of treatment, correlating with physical-chemical changes and influencing the functioning of the entire system.

Author Biographies

Elaine Cristina dos Santos Araújo, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande

PhD student in Natural Resources Engineering at UFCG; Master in Environmental Science and Technology from UEPB; Graduated in Biological Sciences at UEPB.

Monica Maria Pereira da Silva, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba

PhD in Natural Resources by UFCG; Master in Development and Environment from UFPB; Specialist in Environmental Education; Graduated in Biological Sciences; Retired teacher; Collaborator of the Graduate Program in Environmental Science and Technology by UEPB;

Adriana Veríssimo da Silva, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba

Master student in Science Teaching and Mathematics Education at UEPB; Specialist in Educational Service from the perspective of Inclusive Education by FIP; Graduated in Biological Sciences at UEPB.

Adrianne Teixeira Barros, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba

PhD in Materials Science and Engineering from UFCG; Master in Biological Sciences at UFPB; Graduated in Biological Sciences at UFPB; Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at UEPB.

Valderi Duarte Leite, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba

PhD in Civil Engineering from USP; Master in Civil Engineering from UFPB (PRODEMA); Specialist in Higher Education Methodology; Graduated in Chemical Engineering; Full Professor at the State University of Paraíba, Department of Science and Technology

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Published

31/01/2021

How to Cite

ARAÚJO, E. C. dos S.; SILVA, M. M. P. da; SILVA, A. V. da; BARROS, A. T.; LEITE, V. D. Diversity of mesoinvertebrates associated with aerobic treatment of home organic solid waste. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. e59710112173, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i1.12173. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/12173. Acesso em: 28 feb. 2021.

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences