Topographic characterization of cp-Ti implants with machined and modified surface by LASER

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i2.12217

Keywords:

Microscopy electron scanning; Dental implants; Topography; Laser beam.

Abstract

This study characterized the topography osseointegrated implants (cp-Ti) with machined surface (MS), laser beam surface (LS) and laser beam surface followed by deposition of sodium silicate (SS) by means SEM-EDX, roughness measurements, cross-sectional roughness, contact angle, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and laser confocal optical perfilometry. The SEM of MS showed smooth surface, contaminated with machining residues, while LS and SS rough surfaces with a more regular and homogeneous morphological pattern. The EDX showed Ti peaks for MS and Ti and oxygen for LS and SS. The mean roughness values of LS and SS were statistically higher (p <0.05) than MS. The contact angle of LS and SS was 0º. The XRD of MS showed only Ti peaks, while LS and SS showed the presence of oxides and nitrides and presence of sodium silicate. The surface treatment performed in the LS and SS promoted important modifications in the topography and physical-chemical properties.

References

Adell, R., Lekholm, U., Rockler, B., & Brånemark, P. I. (1981). A 15-year study of osseointegrated implants in the treatment of the edentulous jaw. International journal of oral surgery, 10(6), 387-416.

Albrektsson, T. & Wennerberg, A. (2004). Oral Implant Surfaces: Part 1-Review Focusing on Topographic and Chemical Properties of Different Surfaces and in Vivo Responses to Them. The International journal of prosthodontics, 17(5), 536-543.

Braga, F. J. C., Marques, R. F. C., Almeida-Filho, E., & Guastaldi, A. C. (2007). Surface modification of Ti dental implants by Nd:YVO4 laser irradiation. Applied Surface Science, 253, 9203-9208.

Bränemark, P. I., Adell, R., Albrektsson, T., Lekholm, U., Lundkvist, S., & Rockler, B. (1983). Osseointegrated titanium fixtures in the treatment of edentulousness. Biomaterials, 4(1), 25-28.

Carlsson, L., Rostlund, T., Albrektsson, B., & Albrektsson, T. (1988). Removal torques for polished and rough titanium implants. The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants, 3(1), 21-24.

Cho, S. A. & Jung, S. K. (2003). A removal torque of the laser-treated titanium implants in rabbit tibia. Biomaterials, 24(26), 4859-4863.

Coelho, P. G., Cardaropoli, G., Suzuki, M., & Lemons, J. E. (2009). Early healing of nanothickness bioceramic coating on dental implants. an experimental study in dogs. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials, 88(2)B, 387-393.

del Pino, A. P., Serra, P., & Morenza, J. L. (2002). Oxidation of titanium through Nd:YAG laser irradiation. Applied Surface Science, 197–198, 887–890.

Elias, C. N., Busquim, T., Lima, J. H. C., & Muller, C. A. (2008). Caracterização e torque de remoção de implantes dentários com superfície bioativa. Revista brasileira de Odontologia, 65(2), 273-279.

Faeda, R. S., Tavares, H. A., Sartori, R., Guastaldi, A. C., & Marcantônio-Jr, E. (2009). Biological performance of chemical hydroxyapatite coating associate with implant surface modification by laser beam: biomechanical study in rabbit tibias. Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, 67(8), 1706-1715.

Faeda, R. S., Tavares, H. S., Sartori, R., Guastaldi, A. C., & Marcantônio-Jr, E. (2009). Evaluation of titanium implants with surface modification by laser beam. Biomechanical study in rabbit tibias. Brazilian oral research, 23(2), 137-143.

Faverani, L. P., Assunção, W. G., de Carvalho, P. S. P., Yuan, J. C. C., Sukotjo, C., Mathew, M. T., & Barao, V. A. (2014). Effects of Dextrose and Lipopolysaccharide on the Corrosion Behavior of a Ti-6Al-4V Alloy with a Smooth Surface or Treated with Double-Acid-Etching. Plos One, 9, 1-15.

Filho, E. A., Fraga, A. F., Bini, R. A., & Guastaldi, A. C. (2011). Bioactive coating on titanium implants modified by Nd:YVO4 laser. Applied Surface Science, 257, 4575–4580.

Gaggl, A., Schultes, G., Müller, W. D., & Karcher, H. (2000). Scanning electron microscopical analysis of laser-treated titanium implant surfaces- a comparative study. Biomaterials, 21(10), 1067-1073.

Kesser-Liechti, G., Zix, J., & Mericske-Stern, R. (2008). Stability measurements of 1-stage implants in the edentulous mandible by means of resonance frequency analysis. The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants, 23(2), 353-358.

Pereira, A. S., Shitsuka, D. M, Parreira, F. J. & Shitsuka, R. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. [e-book]. Santa Maria. Ed. UAB / NTE / UFSM.

Qahash, M., Hardwick, R., Rohrer, M. D., Wozney, J. M., & Wikesjö, U. M. (2007). Surface-etching enhances titanium implant osseointegration in newly formed (rhBMP-2-induced) and native bone. The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants, 22(3), 472-477.

Queiroz, T. P., Souza, F. A., Guastaldi, A. C., Margonar, R., Garcia-Jr, I. R., & Hochuli-Vieira, E. (2013). Commercially pure titanium implants with surfaces modified by laser beam with and without chemical deposition of apatite. Biomechanical and topographical analysis in rabbits. Clinical oral implants research, 24(8), 896-903.

Queiroz, T. P., de Molon, R. S., Souza, F. A., Margonar, R., Thomazini, A. H. A., Guastaldi, A. C., & Vieira, E. H. (2017). In vivo evaluation of cp Ti implants with modified surfaces by laser beam with and without hydroxyapatite chemical deposition and without and with thermal treatment: topographic characterization and histomorphometric analysis in rabbits. Clinical oral investigations, 21, 685–699.

Shibli, J. A., Grassi, S., De Figueiredo, L. C., Feres, M., Marcantônio, E. Jr., Lezzi, G., & Piattelli, A. (2007). Influence of implant surface topography on early osseointegration: a histological study in human jaws. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials, 80(2), 377-385.

Silva, F. L., Rodrigues, F., Pamato, S., & Pereira, J. R. (2016). Tratamento de superfície em implantes dentários: uma revisão de literatura. RFO UPF, 21, 136-142.

Sisti, K. E., Piattelli, A., Guastaldi, A. C., Queiroz, T. P., & De Rossi, R. (2013). Nondecalcified histologic study of bone response to titanium implants topographically modified by laser with and without hydroxyapatite coating. The International journal of periodontics & restorative dentistry, 35(5), 689-696.

Souza, F. A., Queiroz, T. P., Guastaldi, A. C., Garcia-Jr, I. R., Magro-Filho, O., Nishioka, R. S., Sisti, K. E., & Sonoda, C. K. (2013). Comparative in vivo study of commercially pure Ti implants with surfaces modified by laser with and without silicate deposition: biomechanical and scanning electron microscopy analysis. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials, 101(1), 76-84.

Souza, F. A., Queiroz, T. P., Sonoda, C. K., Okamoto, R., Margona, R., Guastaldi, A. C., Nishioka, R. S., & Garcia Jr, I. R. (2014). Histometric analysis and topographic characterization of cp Ti implants with surfaces modified by laser with and without silica deposition. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials, 102, 1677-1688.

Thomas, K. & Cook, S. D. (1992). Relationship between surface characteristics and the degree of bone-implant integration. Journal of biomedical materials research, 26(6), 831-833.

Vajtai, R., Beleznai, C., Nánai, L., Gingl, Z., & George, T. F. (1996). Nonlinear aspects of laser-driven oxidation of metals. Applied Surface Science, 106, 247-257.

Vercaigne, S., Wolke, J. G., Naert, I., & Jansen, J. A. (1998). Bone healing capacity of titanium plasma-sprayed and hydroxyapatite-coated oral implants. Clinical oral implants research, 9(4), 261-271.

Wennerberg, A. & Albrektsson, T. (2009). Structural influence from calcium phosphate coatings and its possible effect on enhanced bone integration. Acta odontologica Scandinavica, 67(6), 333-340.

Xavier, S. P., Carvalho, P. S. P., Beloti, M. M., & Rosa, A. L. (2003). Response of rat bone marrow cells to commercially pure titanium submitted to different surface treatments. Journal of dentistry, 31(3), 173-180.

Downloads

Published

09/02/2021

How to Cite

SANTOS, A. F. P. .; HADAD, H.; JESUS, L. K. de .; SILVA, R. C. da .; COLOMBO, L. T. .; GUASTALDI, A. C.; QUEIROZ, T. P.; OKAMOTO, R. .; GARCIA-JÚNIOR, I. R.; SONODA, C. K. .; POLI, P. P.; SOUZA, F. Ávila. Topographic characterization of cp-Ti implants with machined and modified surface by LASER. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 2, p. e15910212217, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i2.12217. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/12217. Acesso em: 22 oct. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences