Transmigrated mandibular canines: clinical considerations and orthodontic biomechanics for the approach of orthodontic traction. A scoping review
Keywords:Transmigration; Lower canines; Cuspids; Biomechanics; Scoping review.
This scoping review aims to identify the clinical considerations and orthodontics biomechanics of applying the orthodontic traction approach to transmigrated mandibular canines. The search strategy followed the PRISMA for scoping reviews and was based on six databases, Cochrane C.R.C. Trials, BVS, PubMed (NLM), Google Scholar, Web of Science, and SCOPUS, and included articles published as recently as February 2021. The records had to identify lower canines traction protocols and outcomes. The publications obtained had to meet criteria for the structure of the research and bibliography. The search included combinations of the keywords lower canine, cuspid, and transmigration, along with the terms biomechanics and scoping review in the databases. Only after a consensus of the three reviewers had been reached were the articles retrieved. When a transmigrated lower canine has already erupted, orthodontics biomechanics traction begins by bonding tooth buttons and/or bracket prescriptions: MBT 0.022” x 0.028”, Roth 0.018” x 0.022”, and/or Beggs rectangular arches, ligatures, and elastics. Surgical interventions may be added. The treatment time varied from 22 months to 3.6 years. The final occlusal relationships were satisfactory and did not cause damage to the surrounding tissues. Among the selected articles, the orthodontic biomechanics showed the complexity of the movements. An appropriate occlusion and stability were achieved. Failures in the approach were also found. The clinical considerations show this approach to be viable but to have inherent risks, which include the proximity of the canines to the lower incisor roots.
Agarwal, S., Yadav, S., Shah, N. V., Valiathan, A., Uribe, F., & Nanda, R. (2013). Correction of bilateral impacted mandibular canines with a lip bumper for anchorage reinforcement. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 143(3), 393-403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2011.12.030
Arksey, H., & O'Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616
Aydin, U., Yilmaz, H. H., & Yildirim, D. (2004). Incidence of canine impaction and transmigration in a patient population. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, 33(3), 164-169. https://doi.org/10.1259/dmfr/15470658
Azuelo, N. C. S., de Souza Filho, Z. A., das Neves, A. L. M., de Oliveira Ferreira, B., de Lima Oliveira, D., & Tavares, N. K. C. (2020). Prevalência de depressão em pessoas que vivenciaram violência por parceiro íntimo: revisão sistemática com meta-análise. Research, Society and Development, 9(8), e84985094-e84985094. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i8.5094
Camilleri, S. (2007). Double transmigration and hyperdontia. The Angle Orthodontist, 77(4), 742-744. https://doi.org/10.2319/071006-285
Cavuoti, S., Matarese, G., Isola, G., Abdolreza, J., Femiano, F., & Perillo, L. (2016). Combined orthodontic-surgical management of a transmigrated mandibular canine. The Angle Orthodontist, 86(4), 681-691. https://doi.org/10.2319/050615-309.1
Chattopadhyay, A., & Srinivas, K. (1996). Transposition of teeth and genetic etiology. The angle orthodontist, 66(2), 147-152. https://doi.org/10.1043/0003-3219(1996)066%3C0147:TOTAGE%3E2.3.CO;2
Dalessandri, D., Parrini, S., Rubiano, R., Gallone, D., & Migliorati, M. (2017). Impacted and transmigrant mandibular canines incidence, aetiology, and treatment: a systematic review. European Journal of Orthodontics, 39(2), 161-169. https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjw027
Díaz-Sánchez, R. M., Castillo-de-Oyagüe, R., Serrera-Figallo, M. Á., Hita-Iglesias, P., Gutiérrez-Pérez, J. L., & Torres-Lagares, D. (2016). Transmigration of mandibular cuspids: review of published reports and description of nine new cases. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 54(3), 241-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2016.01.010
Downs, S. H., & Black, N. (1998). The feasibility of creating a checklist for the assessment of the methodological quality both of randomised and non-randomised studies of health care interventions. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 52(6), 377-384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.52.6.377
Gagnier, J. J., Kienle, G., Altman, D. G., Moher, D., Sox, H., Riley, D., & CARE group. (2013). The CARE guidelines: consensus‐based clinical case reporting guideline development. https://doi.org/10.1111/head.12246
Gruszka, K., Różyło, T. K., Różyło-Kalinowska, I., Denkiewicz, K., & Masłowska, K. (2014). Transmigration of mandibular canine–case report. Polish Journal of Radiology, 79, 20. https://dx.doi.org/10.12659%2FPJR.890090
Izu, M., Silvino, Z. R., dos Santos, L. M., & Balbino, C. M. (2020). Cuidados de enfermagem em pacientes submetidos a transplante de células-tronco hematopoiética: Protocolo de revisão de escopo. Research, Society and Development, 9(7), e575974381-e575974381. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.4381
Jaisinghani, A. P., Pradhan, T., Keluskar, K. M., & Takane, V. (2019). Treatment of a transmigrated and an impacted mandibular canine along with missing maxillary central incisor: A case report. Orthodontic Waves, 78(2), 84-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.odw.2019.04.002
Janakiraman, N., Vaziri, H., Safavi, K., Nanda, R., & Uribe, F. (2016). Management of severely impacted mandibular canines and congenitally missing mandibular premolars with protraction of autotransplanted maxillary premolar. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 150(2), 339-351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2015.08.022
Kara, M. I., Ay, S., Aktan, A. M., Sener, I., Bereket, C., Ezirganli, S., & Demirkol, M. (2011). Analysis of different type of transmigrant mandibular teeth. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal, 16(3), e335-40. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.4317/medoral.16.e335
Koç, A., Kaya, S., & Abdulsalam, W. A. (2020). Three-Dimensional Analysis of Impacted Maxillary and Mandibular Canines and Evaluation of Factors Associated With Transmigration on Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Images. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2020.10.002
Koszowski, R., Pisulska-Otremba, A., Wójcik, S., & Śmieszek-Wilczewska, J. (2015). Canine transmigration accompanying mandibular retrognathism secondary to osteitis. Open Medicine, 10(1), 566. https://doi.org/10.1515/med-2015-0096
Kuftinec, M. M., Shapira, Y., & Nahlieli, O. (1995). Bilateral transmigration of impacted mandibular canines. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 126(7), 1022-1024. https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1995.0279
Kulkarni, G., & Lee, L. (2016). Vital Autotransplantation and Orthodontic Treatment of a Transmigrant Mandibular Canine. Pediatric dentistry, 38(1), 1E-4E.
Mazinis, E., Zafeiriadis, A., Karathanasis, A., & Lambrianidis, T. (2012). Transmigration of impacted canines: prevalence, management and implications on tooth structure and pulp vitality of adjacent teeth. Clinical Oral Investigations, 16(2), 625-632. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-011-0545-8
Mesquita, P., & Salgado, H. (2015). Transmigrant mandibular canine–Case report. Revista Portuguesa de Estomatologia, Medicina Dentária e Cirurgia Maxilofacial, 56(1), 63-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rpemd.2015.02.002
Mupparapu, M. (2002). Patterns of intra-osseous transmigration and ectopic eruption of mandibular canines: review of literature and report of nine additional cases. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, 31(6), 355-360. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.dmfr.4600732
Neta, A. G. L., David, M. C. M. M., de Araújo, B. T. S., Gama, G. L., & Leite, J. C. (2020). Eficácia do treinamento cognitivo associado ao exercício físico em indivíduos com doença de Alzheimer: uma metanálise. Research, Society and Development, 9(12), e15791211022-e15791211022. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i12.11022
Northway, W. (2019). Orthodontic management of a dental anomaly pattern (DAP) including mandibular canine transmigration: A case report: A challenging treatment but worth it!. The Angle Orthodontist, 89(1), 149-162. https://doi.org/10.2319/021018-115.1
Peck, L., Peck, S., & Attia, Y. (1993). Maxillary canine-first premolar transposition, associated dental anomalies and genetic basis. The Angle Orthodontist, 63(2), 99-109. https://doi.org/10.1043/0003-3219(1993)063%3C0099:MCFPTA%3E2.0.CO;2
Peck, S. (1998). On the phenomenon of intraosseous migration of nonerupting teeth. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 113(5), 515-517. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0889-5406(98)70262-8
Peerlings, R. H. J. (2010). Treatment of a horizontally impacted mandibular canine in a girl with a Class II Division 1 malocclusion. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 137(4), S154-S162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2008.08.025
Plaza, S. P. (2016). Orthodontic traction of a transmigrated mandibular canine using mini-implant: a case report and review. Journal of Orthodontics, 43(4), 314-321. https://doi.org/10.1080%2F14653125.2016.1224539
Rebellato, J., & Schabel, B. (2003). Treatment of a patient with an impacted transmigrant mandibular canine and a palatally impacted maxillary canine. The Angle Orthodontist, 73(3), 328-336. https://doi.org/10.1043/0003-3219(2003)073%3C0328:TOAPWA%3E2.0.CO;2
Rodrigues, J. P. P., de Araújo Carvalho, L. R. R., de Paulo Cravinhos, J. C., Carvalho, L. R. D. A., Moura, R. A., de Melo Neto, M. V., & Silva, F. A. D. J. C. (2020). Tratamento cirúrgico de canino incluso na base da mandíbula: relato de caso. Research, Society and Development, 9(8), e323985176-e323985176. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i8.5176
Röhrer, A. (1929). Displaced and impacted canines A radiographic research. International Journal of Orthodontia, Oral Surgery and Radiography, 15(10), 1003-1020. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0099-6963(29)90386-0
Shapira, Y., & Kuftinec, M. M. (2005). Unusual intraosseous transmigration of a palatally impacted canine. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 127(3), 360-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2004.04.018
Sharma, G., & Nagpal, A. (2011). Transmigration of mandibular canine: report of four cases and review of literature. Case Reports in Dentistry, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/381382
Shukla, N. K., Sharma, V. K., & Chaturvedi, T. P. (2019). Management of Transmigrated and Transposed Mandibular Canines-A Case Report. DOI: 10.9790/0853-1805108085
Singh, A. K., Sharma, N. K., Mishra, N., Singh, S., & Singh, S. (2019). Management of impacted transmigrated mandibular canine associated with dentigerous cyst: A surgical approach. International Journal of Oral Health Sciences, 9(1), 45. DOI: 10.4103 / ijohs.ijohs_57_17
Sinko, K., Nemec, S., Seemann, R., & Eder-Czembirek, C. (2016). Clinical management of impacted and transmigrated lower canines. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 74(11), 2142-e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2016.07.001
Tricco, A. C., Lillie, E., Zarin, W., O'Brien, K. K., Colquhoun, H., Levac, D., & Straus, S. E. (2018). PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): checklist and explanation. Annals of internal medicine, 169(7), 467-473. https://doi.org/10.7326/M18-0850
Üçüncü, N., Aslan, B. I., & Türel, H. T. O. (2011). Treatment and long term follow-up of a patient with an impacted transmigrant canine. Principles in Contemporary Orthodontics, 337.
Umashree, N., Kumar, A., & Nagaraj, T. (2013). Transmigration of mandibular canines. Case Reports in Dentistry, 2013.
Vaida, L., Todor, B. I., Corega, C., Baciut, M., & Baciut, G. (2014). A rare case of canine anomaly–a possible algorithm for treating it. Rom J Morphol Embryol, 55(3 Suppl), 1197-1202.
Vera-Guerra, J. A., Herrera-Atoche, J. R., & Colomé-Ruiz, G. E. (2019). Orthodontic treatment of bilateral impacted mandibular canines and a Mupparapu type 2 transmigration. Case Reports in Dentistry.
Verma, S. L., Sharma, V. P., & Singh, G. P. (2012). Management of a transmigrated mandibular canine. Journal of Orthodontic Science, 1(1), 23. https://dx.doi.org/10.4103%2F2278-0203.94778
Wertz, R. A. (1994). Treatment of transmigrated mandibular canines. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 106(4), 419-427. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0889-5406(94)70064-8
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Luan Ribeiro Braga; Leonard Euler Andrade Gomes do Nascimento; Matheus Melo Pithon
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.