Aquatic forest food plants: scientific prospection on neglected nutritional potencial




Unconventional food plants; Food security; Food diversification; Nutritional composition.


Wild food plants offer possibilities for nutritional and economic diversification. They are considered as harmful species and grow spontaneously in gardens, vacant lots, among other environments including aquatic ones. Aquatic plants can also be inserted as a food resource with rich potential. Scientific research was carried out during the month of October 2020, based on the search for scientific articles dealing with the use of aquatic food plants and their nutritional composition in the Web of Science, Science direct and Pubmed databases. Additionally, searches were carried out in the book Non-Conventional Food Plants (PANC) on aquatic food plants occurring and used in Brazil. A total of 81 articles were computed for the keywords and respective combinations entered in the search field. After a more in-depth analysis of articles of interest, none of them presented content on wild and aquatic food plants and their nutritional composition. However, research has been identified that deals with terrestrial and aquatic plants used in food and the relationship established between man and the environment in vulnerable conditions. The expansion of the identification and use of food species, as well as the nutritional values added to research, allow the insertion of plants in sustainable diets. The scarcity of studies in this area allows the visualization of gaps in knowledge and ample possibilities for promising research in knowledge about biodiversity.


Aryal, K. P., Poudel, S., Chaudhary, R. P., Chettri, N., Chaudhary, P., Ning, W. & Kotru, R. (2018). Diversity and use of wild and non cultivated edible plants in the Western Himalaya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 14 (10): 1-18. doi 10.1186/s13002-018-0211-1

Bathia, H., Sharma, Y. P., Manhas, R. K. & Kumar, K. (2018). Traditionally used wild edible plants of district Udhampur, J&K, India. .Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 14 (73): 1-13. doi:10.1186/s13002-018-0272-1

Bortolotto, I. M., Amorozo, M. C. M., Guarim Neto, G., Oldeland, J. & Damasceno-Júnior, G. A. ( 2015). Knowledge and use of wild edible plants inrural communities along Paraguay River, Pantanal, Brazil. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 11 (46): 1-14. doi: 10.1186/s13002-015-0026-2

Ceccanti, C., Landi, M., Incrocci, L., Pardossi, A., Venturi, F., Taglieri, I., Ferroni, G. & Guidi, L. (2020). Comparison of Three Domestications and Wild-Harvested Plants for Nutraceutical Properties and Sensory Profiles in Five Wild Edible Herbs: Is Domestication Possible?. Foods, 9: 1-20. doi:10.3390/foods9081065

Chaves, M. F. C., Morais, R. F. & Barros, R. F. M. (2017). Práticas alimentares populares com uso de plantas silvestres: potencial para minimizar a insegurança nutricional no semiárido do Nordeste do Brasil. Gaia Scientia, 11 (2): 287-313.

Chaves, M. F. C. & Barros, R.F.M. (2015). Cactáceas: recurso alimentar emergencial no semiárido, Nordeste do Brasil. Gaia scientia, 9 (2): 129-135.

Cruz-García, G. S., Struik, P. C. & Johnson, D. E. (2016).Wild harvest: distribution and diversity of wild food plants in rice ecosystems of Northeast Thailand. NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 78: 1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.njas.2015.12.003

Cruz, M. P., Medeiros, P., Sarmiento-Combariza, I., Peroni, N. & Albuquerque, U. P. (2014). “I eat the manofê so it is not forgotten”: local perceptions and consumption of native wild edible plants from seasonal dry forests in Brazil. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 10 (45): 1- 11. doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-10-45

Gomes, D.L., Ferreira, R. P. S., Santos, E. M. C., Silva, R. R. V. & Medeiros, P. M. (2020). Local criteria for the selection of wild food plants for consumption and sale in Alagoas, Brazil. Ethnobiology and Conservation, 9 (10): 1-15. doi:10.15451/ec2020-04-9.10-1-15

Hora, J. S. L., Da Silva, T. C. & Nascimento, V. T. (2020). “É natural, é bom! São frutos que vem da natureza”: representações locais sobre o consumo de plantas alimentícias silvestres em uma área rural do Brasil. Ethnoscientia, 15. doi: 10.22276/ethnoscientia.v5i1.286

Jacob, M. C. M. & Albuquerque, U. P. (2020). Biodiverse food plants: Which gaps do we need to address to promote sustainable diets?.Ethnobiology and Conservation, 9 (9): 1-6. doi:10.15451/ec2020-04-9.09-1-6

Jacob, M. C. M., Medeiros, M. F. A. & Albuquerque, U. P. (2020). Biodiverse food plants in the semiarid region of Brazil have unknown potential: A systematic review. Plos one, 15 (5): 1-24. doi:10.1101/2020.03.13.990358

Kinupp, V. F. & Lorenzi, H. (2014). Plantas Alimentícias Não Convencionais (PANC) no Brasil: guia de identificação, aspectos nutricionais e receitas ilustradas. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora, São Paulo. 768 p.

Kinupp, V. F. & Barros, I. B. I. (2008). Protein and mineral contents of native species, potential vegetables, and fruit. Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos, 28 (4): 846-857.

Nascimento, V. T., Lucena, R. F. P., Maciel, M. I. S. & Albuquerque, U. P. (2013). Knowledge and Use of Wild Food Plants in Areas of Dry Seasonal Forests in Brazil. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 52: 317 -343. doi: 10.1080 / 03670244.2012.707434

Nascimento, V. T., Vasconcelos, M. A. S., Maciel, M. I. S. & Albuquerque, U. P. (2012). Famine Foods of Brazil’s Seasonal Dry Forests: Ethnobotanical and Nutritional Aspects. Economic Botany, 66 (1): 23-34. doi: 10.1007/s12231-012-9187-2

Ogle, B. M., Dung, N. N. X., Do, T. T. & Hambraeus, L. (2001). The contribution of wild vegetables to micronutrient intakes among women: An example from the Mekong delta, Vietnam. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 40 (2): 159-184. doi: 10.1080/03670244.2001.9991646

Pereira A.S. et al. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. [e-book]. Santa Maria. Ed. UAB/NTE/UFSM.

Raven, P. H., Evert, R. F. & Eichhorn, S. E. (2014). Biologia Vegetal. 8. ed. São Paulo: Editora Guanabara Koogan. 876 p.



How to Cite

BEZERRA, M. A.; SANTOS FILHO, F. S. Aquatic forest food plants: scientific prospection on neglected nutritional potencial. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. e32510313457, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i3.13457. Disponível em: Acesso em: 5 dec. 2023.



Agrarian and Biological Sciences