Identification of self-inflicted violence in medical students: an integrative literature review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i3.13517

Keywords:

Alcohol; Drugs; Medicine; Students; Suicide.

Abstract

The present study aims to identify the principal causes of self-violence between medical students, also identifying its possible consequences. The objective was to enlighten the subject, in order to contribute to its prevention. This review’s literature was obtained from SCIELO and Lilacs databases, using as descriptors “medical students and suicide, medical students and alcohol, medical students and drugs”. The inclusion criteria was articles published between 2015 and 2020, in English, Spanish and Portuguese; the exclusion criteria was compensated articles, literature reviews and comments, texts regarding residents and doctors in addiction to articles that studied other students from other courses. It was found a correlation between the suicide ideation, psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety, and licit or illicit substance abuse among the medical students evaluated. Mid the most cited causes there are psychological exhaustion, the course’s extensive workload, sleep deprivation, stress and insecurity. Therefore, the conclusion is that the overload of the medical students affects both the mental health and the academical performance, conducting them into practicing violence agains them selfs, as substance abuse or refusal of psychological help.

References

Anderson, P. (2018). Médicos têm a mais alta taxa de suicídio dentre todas as profissões. Medscape. Recuperado de: https://portugues.medscape.com/verartigo/6502361.

Ayala, E. E. et al. (2017). Prevalence, perceptions, and consequences of substance use in medical students. Med Educ Online, 22(1). DOI: 10.1080/10872981.2017.1392824.

Berquó, E. & Cunha, E.M.G.P. (2000). Morbimortalidade feminina no Brasil (1979-1995). Campinas: Editora da Unicamp.

Buhrer, B. E. et al. (2019). Análise da Qualidade e Estilo de Vida entre Acadêmicos de Medicina de uma Instituição do Norte do Paraná. Rev. bras. educ. med.,Brasília, 43(1), 39-46.

Cazolari, P. G. et al. (2020). Burnout and Well-Being Levels of Medical Students: a Cross-Sectional Study. Rev. bras. educ. med., 44(4), 125.

Camargo, F. C. et al. (2011). Violência auto infligida e anos potenciais de vida perdidos em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Texto Contexto Enferm, 20, 100-107

Freire, B. R.; Castro, P. A. S. V. de & Petroianu, A. (2020). Alcohol consumption by medical students. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras., 66(7), 943-947.

Freudenberger, H. J. (1974). Staff burnout. J. Soc. Issues, 30(74), 159-165.

Gomes, I. P. et al. (2019). Fatores Associados à Manutenção do Vício de Fumar e do Consumo de Álcool entre Acadêmicos de Medicina em uma Capital do Nordeste do Brasil. Rev. bras. educ. med., 43(1), 55-64.

Greenglass, E. R. (1991). Burnout and gender: Theoretical and organizational implications. Canadian Psychology, 4, 562-574.

Jackson, E. R. (2016). Burnout and Alcohol Abuse/Dependence Among U.S. Medical Students. Acad Med; 91(9), 1251-1256.

James, B. O. (2017). Psychosocial correlates of perceived stress among undergraduate medical students in Nigeria. Int J Med Educ, 8, 382-388.

Kowalczuk, K. & KrajewSka-Kulak, E. (2017). Exposure to psychoactive Compounds amongst Students of Medical University. Cent Eur J Public Health, 25(3), 200-205.

Maslach, C.; Schaufeli, W.B. & Leiter, M.P. (2001). Job burnout. Annu. Rev. Psychol., 52, 397-422.

Minayo, M.C.S. (2010). O desafio do conhecimento: pesquisa qualitativa em saúde. Hucitec/ Abrasco.

Oliveira, L.G. et al. (2010). Uso de drogas pelos universitários brasileiros: contexto nacional e internacional [Capítulo 8]. In: Brasil. Presidência da República.

Secretaria Nacional de Políticas sobre Drogas. I Levantamento nacional sobre o uso de álcool, tabaco e outras drogas entre universitários das 27 capitais brasileiras; GREA/IPQ-HC/FMUSP. Brasília: SENAD.

Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS). (2014). Prevenção do suicídio: um imperativo global. Washington, D.C. Organização Pan Americana da Saúde. Recuperado de: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/136083/9789275318508_spa.pdf?sequence=1.

Parente, E. A. (2017). Alcohol use among medical students: a possible risk for future doctors? / Uso de Álcool entre Estudantes de Medicina: um possível risco para futuros médicos? J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online), 5(4), 311-319.

Pereira A.S. et al. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. [e-book]. Santa Maria. Ed. UAB/NTE/UFSM. Recuperado de: em: https://repositorio.ufsm.br/bitstream/handle/1/15824/Lic_Computacao_Metodologia-Pesquisa-Cientifica.pdf?sequence=1.

Vasconcelos, T. C. de et al. (2015). Prevalência de Sintomas de Ansiedade e Depressão em Estudantes de Medicina. Rev. bras. educ. med., Rio de Janeiro, 39(1), 135-142.

Published

21/03/2021

How to Cite

LAMANA, B. B.; LIMA, C. C. de .; AMARAL, D. V. .; ELEUTÉRIO , G. S. de L. .; ALMEIDA, J. F. .; MACHADO , T. C. . Identification of self-inflicted violence in medical students: an integrative literature review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. e42110313517, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i3.13517. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/13517. Acesso em: 14 apr. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences