Impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on elderly self-care: An integrative review
Keywords:Self-care; COVID-19; Elderly.
Introduction: The elderly population is more susceptible to the COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. It becomes of paramount importance, the practice of self-care, in favor of the preservation of life and health. Objective: To analyze in the literature the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the self-care of the elderly. Method: For this integrative review of the literature, the association of two controlled descriptors was used: Self-Care (Self Care), Elderly (Aged) and an uncontrolled one: COVID-19 (COVID-19). The research took place in the electronic databases: Medline, Web of Science and Scopus. It resulted in 18 articles, published between 2020 and 2021, selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria previously established. Results: Social isolation allows factors that interfere with the self-care of the elderly, such as depression, the onset or worsening of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, making them more susceptible to the contagion of the disease. Research reports that younger elderly people have a better understanding of the risks of COVID-19 and practice self-care more frequently. However, self-care together with social support, the use of technology and the practice of physical activities are important intervention tools. Final considerations: Therefore, the pandemic resulted in impacts on the self-care of the elderly, generating harmful effects on physical and mental health, due to social isolation.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Eduardo Odonete Marques; Sandryelle de Andrade Rodrigues; Milena Cordeiro de Freitas; Thayane Cintra Lemos; Vitória Luiza Cavalcanti de Lima; Paula Ermans de Oliveira ; Kamila de Castro Morais; Daniel Coutinho dos Santos; André Sousa Rocha; Antônio Diego Costa Bezerra; Cidianna Emanuelly Melo do Nascimento
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