Moderate and severe symptoms of anxiety and depression are increased among female medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic




COVID-19; Mental Health; Anxiety; Student, Medical; Depression.


Background: Emotional disorders in medical students are expected and deserve more attention, especially during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Objective: Evaluate anxiety and depression disorders among medical students during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Methods:  A cross-sectional study at a private medical college in Brazil, two months after stay-at-home order and postponed classes due to the COVID-19 Pandemic. A survey among medical students was conducted in May 2020, using questionnaires regarding social and demographic status, the GAD-7 for symptoms of anxiety, and the PHQ-9 for symptoms of depression. Results: A total of 340 of 347 (97.98%) medical students participated. The average GAD-7 score was 9.18 (±4.75), and the average PHQ-9 score was 12.72 (±6.62). The results indicate a significant positive relationship between GAD-7 and females (F=5.816 P=.016). Using a cut-off score of 10 for GAD-7, 157 (46.17%) students were identified with moderate or severe anxiety symptoms. For the PHQ-9 score, using a cut-off of 10 219 (64.41%), students were recognized with moderate or severe symptoms of depression; the results indicate a significant positive relationship between the PHQ-9 and females (F=5.640 P=.018). Conclusion: The analysis demonstrated a significantly higher prevalence of moderate and severe anxiety    and depression symptoms among female medical students during the COVID-19 Pandemic.


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How to Cite

SARTORÃO FILHO, C. I. .; RODRIGUES, W. C. de L. V. .; CASTRO , R. B. de .; MARÇAL, A. A. .; PAVELQUEIRES, S. .; TAKANO, L. .; OLIVEIRA, W. L. de .; SARTORÃO NETO, C. I. . Moderate and severe symptoms of anxiety and depression are increased among female medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 6, p. e34610615406, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i6.15406. Disponível em: Acesso em: 18 jun. 2021.



Health Sciences