Energetic values of animal by-products for broiler chickens of different ages
Keywords:Alternative feeds; Metabolism assay; Metabolizable energy.
The objective of this study was to determine the chemical composition and apparent metabolizable energy (AME), AME corrected for nitrogen balance (AMEn) and its respective metabolizable coefficients of animal byproducts for broiler chickens with different ages. Meat and bone meal, poultry by-product meal, tilapia processing residue and poultry fat were evaluated. A total of 760 male broiler chickens were used and evaluated and the phases: pre-starter (1 to 8 d of age); starter (11 to18 d); grower 1 (21 to 28 d); grower 2 (31 to 38 d), and finisher (41 to 48 d). Total excreta collection method was performed in five metabolism assays. The experimental design was completely randomized, and data were submitted to analysis of variance, posteriorly, the four feeds were compared by Tukey test and a regression analysis was performed with broiler chickens age. The significance was considered at 5% probability. The values of AME and AMEn were higher in older birds for all ingredients. The lesser CAME and CAMEn were obtained for meat and bone meal, for the regression analysis poultry by-product meal, tilapia processing residue and poultry fat had an increased linear effect with birds age and there was no adjust for meat and bone meal for regression analysis.
Aardsma, M. P., Mitchell, R. D. & Parsons, C. M. (2017). Relative metabolizable energy values for fats and oils in young broilers and adult roosters. Poultry Science, 96(7), 2320–2329.
Adeola, O., Anwar, M. N., Abdollahi, M. R. & Ravindran, V. (2018). Age-related energy values of meat and bone meal for broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 97, 2516–2524.
Amerah, A. M., Ravindran, V., Lentle, R. G. & Thomas, D. G. (2007). Feed particle size: Implications on the digestion and performance of poultry. World Poultry Science Journal, 63, 439-445.
Amerah, A. M., Ravindran, V., Lentle, R. G. & Thomas D. G. (2008). Influence of feed particle size on the performance, energy utilization, digestive tract development, and digesta parameters of broiler starters fed wheat- and corn-based diets. Poultry Science, 87, 2320 - 2328.
Anwar, M. N., Ravindran, V., Morel, P. C. H., Ravindran, G. & Cowieson, A. J. (2016). Measurement of true ileal calcium digestibility in meat and bone meal for broiler chickens using the direct method. Poultry Science, 95, 70–76.
Caires, C. M., Fernandes, E. A., Fagundes, N. S., Carvalho, A. P., Maciel, M. P. & Oliveira, B. R. (2010). The use of animal byproducts in broiler feeds. Use of animal co-products in broilers diets. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 12(1), 41–46.
Cao, M. H. & Adeola, O. (2016). Energy value of poultry byproduct meal and animal-vegetable oil blend for broiler chickens by the regression method. Poultry Science, 95, 268–275.
Cobb-Vantress. (2008). Manual de manejo de frangos de corte Cobb. Cobb-Vantress Brasil Ltda. https://wp.ufpel.edu.br/avicultura/files/2012/04/Cobb-Manual-Frango-Corte-BR.pdf
Dalólio, F. S., Silva, D. L., Albino, L. F. T., Nunes, R. V., Ribeiro Júnior, V., Rostagno, H. S., Ferreira Junior, H. C. & Pinheiro, S. R. F. (2019). Energy values and standardized ileal digestibility of amino acids in some feedstuffs for broilers. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 40(6), 2651-2662.
Eyng, C., Nunes, C. G. V., Nunes, R. V., Rostagno, H. S., Albino, L. F. T., Vieites, F. M. & Pozza, P. C. (2011). Composição química, valores energéticos e digestibilidade verdadeira dos aminoácidos de farinhas de carne e ossos e de peixe para aves. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 40(3), 575-580.
Eyng, C., Nunes, R. V., Murakami, A. E., Pozza, P. C., Scherer, C., Silva, W. T. M. & Bruno, L. D. G. (2013). Deposição de proteína e gordura nos cortes nobres de frangos alimentados com farinha de resíduos da indústria de filetagem de tilápia. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 34(2), 875-882.
Hill, F. W. & Anderson, D. L. (1958). Comparison of metabolizable energy and productive energy determinations with growing chicks. Journal of Nutrition, 64, 587-604.
Kato, R. K., Bertechini, A. G., Fassani, E. J., Brito, J. A. G. & Castro, S. F. (2011). Metabolizable energy of corn hybrids for broiler chickens at different ages. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 35(6), 1218-1226.
Mariano, F. C. M. Q., Lima, R. R., Rodrigues, P. B., Alvarenga, R. R. & Nascimento, G. A. J. (2012). Prediction equations of energetic values of feedstuffs obtained using meta-analysis and principal components. Ciência Rural, 42, 1634-1640.
Matterson, L. D., Potter, L. M., Stutz, M. W. & Singsen, E. P. (1965). The metabolizable energy of feed ingredients for chickens. Agricultural Experiment Station Research Report. 7, 11-14.
Rodrigues, P. B., Martinez, R. S. & Freitas, R. T. F. (2005). Influência do tempo de coleta e metodologias sobre a digestibilidade e o valor energético de rações para aves. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 34(3), 882-889.
Rodriguez-Sanchez, R., Tres, A., Sala, R., Guardiola, F. & Barroeta, A. C. (2019). Evolution of lipid classes and fatty acid digestibility along the gastrointestinal tract of broiler chickens fed different fat sources at different ages. Poultry Science, 98,1341–1353.
Rostagno, H. S., Albino, L. F. T., Donzele J. L., Gomes, P. C., Oliveira, R. F., Lopes, D. C., Ferreira, A. S., Barreto, S. L. T. & Euclides, R. F. (2011). Tabelas brasileiras para aves e suínos: composição de alimentos e exigências nutricionais (pp. 17-32). 3 ed. Viçosa, MG.
Rostagno, H. S., Albino, L. F. T., Hannas, M.I., Donzele, J. L., Sakomura, N.K., Perazzo, F.G., Saraiva, A., Teixeira, M.L., Rodrigues, P. B., Oliveira, R. F., Barreto, S. L. T. & Brito, C. L. (2017). Tabelas brasileiras para aves e suínos: composição de alimentos e exigências nutricionais. 4 ed. Viçosa: Universidade Federal de Viçosa.
Statistical Analysis System Institute (2011). SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. Version 9.3 Edition. Cary, NC: SAS Inst. Inc.
Schneiders, J. L., Nunes, R. V., Schöne, R. A., Frank, R., Savoldi, T. L., Tsutsumi, C. Y., Scherer, C. & Castilha, L. D. (2017). Energy coefficients of plant foods for broiler chickens at different ages. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 38(4), 2119-2128.
Sibbald, I. R. & Slinger, S. J. (1963). A biological assay for metabolizable energy in poultry feed ingredients together with findings which demonstrate some of the problems associated with evaluation of fats. Poultry Science, 42, 13-25.
Skřivan, M., Marounek, M., Englmaierová, M., Čermák, L., Vlčková, J., Vlčková, J. & Skřivanová, E. (2018). Effect of dietary fat type on intestinal digestibility of fatty acids, fatty acid profiles of breast meat and abdominal fat, and mRNA expression of lipid-related genes in broiler chickens. Plos one, 13(4), e0196035.
Silva, E. P., Rabello, C. B., Albino, L. F. T., Ludke, J. V., Lima, M. B. & Dutra Junior, W. M. (2010). Prediction of metabolizable energy values in poultry offal meal for broiler chickens. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 39(10), 2237-2245.
Silva, E. P., Rabello, C. B., Lima, M. B., Arruda, E. M. F., Ludke, J. V. & Ludke, M. C. M. M. (2012). Determination of the chemical composition, amino acid levels and energy values of different poultry offal meals for broilers. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 14(2), 71-158.
Silva, E. P., Rabello, C. B., Lima, M. B., Ludke, J. V., Arruda, E. M. F. & Albino, L. F. T. (2014). Poultry offal meal in broiler chicken feed. Scientia Agricola, 71(3), 188-194.
Silva, D. J., & Queiroz, A. C. (2002). Análises de alimentos (métodos químicos e biológicos). 3.ed. Editora UFV, Viçosa, MG.
Soares Neto, J. R., Ribeiro, F. A. S., Gonçalves, A. A. & Emerenciano, M. G. C. (2019). Tilapia processing waste silage (TPWS): An alternative ingredient for Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) diets in biofloc and clear-water systems. Aquaculture and Fisheries, 4, 214–218.
Tancharoenrat, P., Ravindran, V., Zaefarian, F. & Ravindran G. (2013). Influence of age on the apparent metabolisable energy and total tract apparent fat digestibility of different fat sources for broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 186, 186-192.
Troni, A. R., Gomes, P. C., Mello, H. H. C., Albino, L. F. T. & Rocha, T. C. (2016). Composição química e energética de alimentos para frangos de corte. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 47(4), 755-760.
Vieira, S. L., Kindlein, L., Stefanello, C., Simoes, C. T., Santiago, G. O. & Machado, L. P. (2015). Energy utilization from various fat sources by broiler chickens at different ages. International Journal of Poultry Science, 14(5), 257-261.
Xu, Y., Stark, C. R., Ferket, P. R., Williams, C. M., Pacheco, W. J. & Brake, J. (2015). Effect of dietary coarsely ground corn on broiler live performance, gastrointestinal tract development, apparent ileal digestibility of energy and nitrogen, and digesta particle size distribution and retention time. Poultry Science, 94, 53 - 60.
Zanotto, D. L. & Bellaver, C. (1996). Método de determinação da granulometria de ingredientes para uso de rações de suínos e aves. Comunicado técnico 215. EMBRAPA-CNPSA, Concórdia, SC.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 José Luiz Schneiders; André Sanches de Avila; Jomara Broch; Rafael Frank; Rodrigo André Schöne; Tiago Rafael Hofferber; Guilherme Luis Silva Tesser; Edinan Hagdon Cirilo; Nilton Rohloff Junior; Cleison de Souza; Ricardo Vianna Nunes
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.