Laboratory findings in imaging diagnostic tests in patients infected with COVID-19 – A study review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i6.15936

Keywords:

COVID-19; Medical imaging; Computed tomography; X-ray; Thorax radiography.

Abstract

Purpose: This study disseminates the diagnosis of COVID-19 emphasizing the importance of imaging tests in medical interpretation and identification of its complications, besides demonstrating the contribution to patient care. Methodology: The study was conducted based on a literature review, in addition to the acquired results of imaging tests from clinical patients at a Public Hospital of the State of Sergipe, Brazil, to point the scoring system in thorax radiography and compare to computed tomography (CT). Results: The imaging tests are not indicated for patients with mild symptoms and suspected COVID-19 infection, except for risk of disease progression, being indicated in the complementary diagnosis of COVID-19 positive patients. Studies show that thorax radiography is more used because it has low cost and easy access. However, its use has limitations due to the low sharpness of the images and impossibility of visualization of some lesions. Computed tomography, on the other hand, can be used as a pulmonary monitoring and evolution test in patients with COVID-19 worsening and/or persistent homeostatic changes. Nevertheless, this test is not indicated for acute cases without aggravating symptoms. Conclusion: The high degree of dissemination of SARS-CoV-2 and the collapse of health systems demonstrated the importance of the science in health. In addition, the importance of laboratory tests in the diagnosis of virus infection and imaging tests in the early diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia has been shown as efficient complementarity in the evolution and clinical interpretation of patients, highlighting the importance of radiography and CT exams.

Author Biographies

Caio Robert Rodrigues Martins de Souza, Tiradentes University

Biomedical Science student - Tiradentes University – UNIT, Avenida Murilo Dantas, 300 – Campus Farolândia, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Danilo Lopes Santos, Tiradentes University

Biomedical Science student - Tiradentes University – UNIT, Avenida Murilo Dantas, 300 – Campus Farolândia, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Larissa Maria Freire de Melo, Estácio Sergipe University Center

Biomedical Science student – Estácio Sergipe University Center – FASE, Rua Teixeira de Freitas, 10 – Salgado Filho, Aracaju, Sergipe Brazil.

Lumar Lucena Alves, Gerald Champion Regional Medical Center - GCRMC

Medical Laboratory Technician at Gerald Champion Regional Medical Center – GCRMC. 2669 N Scenic Drive, Alamogordo, New Mexico, USA.

Luiz André Santos Silva, Federal University of Sergipe

Postgraduate Program of Pharmaceutical Sciences (Ph.D) at Federal University of Sergipe – UFS. Av. Marechal Rondon, s/n, Jardim Roza Else, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil.

Natália Jamille Alves de Santana, Tiradentes University

Biomedical Science student - Tiradentes University – UNIT, Avenida Murilo Dantas, 300 – Campus Farolândia, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Míriam Clécia de Oliveira Santos, Tiradentes University

Biomedical Science student - Tiradentes University – UNIT, Avenida Murilo Dantas, 300 – Campus Farolândia, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Thatyane Gama Carvalho, Tiradentes University

Specialist in Computed Tomography and Magnetic, Technologist in Radiology - Tiradentes University – UNIT, Avenida Murilo Dantas, 300 – Campus Farolândia, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Jonas Prata Estevão dos Santos, Tiradentes University

Technologist in Radiology, Teaching Specialist – Faculdade Faveni. Avenida Ângelo Altoé, 888, Venda Nova do Imigrante, Espírito Santo, Brazil.

Tereza Tizar Alves Oliveira, Tiradentes University

Bachelor Degree in Biomedical Science - Tiradentes University – UNIT, Avenida Murilo Dantas, 300 – Campus Farolândia, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Ingridy Evangelista Viana Lucena, Tiradentes University

Master Degree in Industrial Biotechnology, Professor of Immunology/Specialist in Microbiology - Tiradentes University – UNIT. Avenida Murilo Dantas, 300 – Campus Farolândia, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Raphaella Ingrid Santana Oliveira, Estácio Sergipe University Center

Master Degree in Industrial Biotechnology, Specialist in Hematology and Hemotherapy, Professor/Advisor - Estácio Sergipe University Center, Rua Teixeira de Freitas, 10 – Salgado Filho, Aracaju, Sergipe Brazil.

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Published

06/06/2021

How to Cite

SOUZA, C. R. R. M. de; SANTOS, D. L.; MELO, L. M. F. de; ALVES, L. L.; SILVA, L. A. S.; SANTANA, N. J. A. de; SANTOS, M. C. de O.; CARVALHO, T. G.; SANTOS, J. P. E. dos; OLIVEIRA, T. T. A.; LUCENA, I. E. V.; OLIVEIRA, R. I. S. Laboratory findings in imaging diagnostic tests in patients infected with COVID-19 – A study review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 6, p. e44110615936, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i6.15936. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/15936. Acesso em: 20 jun. 2021.

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Review Article