Young lombalgies; Characteristics and Associated Factors: Bibliographic Review




low Back Pain; Young; Risk factors.


Low back pain is one of the major causes of disability and absence in services and schools. At young age, low back pain is similar to that of adults, and is associated with seeking professional help, medication use, school absenteeism, reduced physical activity and health-related quality of life. This is a Bibliographic Review, aiming to investigate the characteristics and risk factors of low back pain in young people. Articles written in Portuguese and foreign languages were included in the electronic databases LILACS, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, SciELO, PEDro. The keywords used were: Young people, chronic low back pain, risk factors. The survey began in August 2019 and ended at the beginning of September. The variables of interest were noted by the author. A total of 16 articles were selected, 8 excluded and 8 included, all from 2010 to the recent year. The types of studies were Bibliographic Review, descriptive cross-sectional and observational cross-sectional study, with the total sample, ranging from 52 to 1597 female and male individuals. Several factors, according to the selected literature, were associated with low back pain in young people, such as physical inactivity, postures maintained for long periods, psychological factors and female gender. The literature review showed that low back pain in young people is associated with factors such as physical inactivity, postures maintained for long periods, psychological factors, negative symptoms and female gender.


Briggs, A. M.; Jordan, J. E.; O’Sullivan, P. B.; Buchbinder, R.; Burnett, A. F & Osborne, R. H. (2011). Individuals with chronic low back pain have greater difficulty in engaging in positive lifestyle behaviours than those without back pain: An assessment of health literacy. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 12: 161.

Cruz, A & Nunes, H. (2012). Prevalência e fatores de risco de dores nas costas em adolescentes: uma revisão sistemática da literatura. Revista de Enfermagem Referência III Série - n.° 6 .

Delitto, A.; George, S. Z & Van Dillen, L. R. (2012). Low back pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2012;42(4):A1–57.

De Vitta, A.; Martinez, M. G.; Piza, N. T.; Simeão, S. F. DE A. P & Ferreira, N. P. (2011). Prevalência e fatores associados à dor lombar em escolares. Cad. Saúde Pública vol.27 no.8 Rio de Janeiro. Agosto.

Furtado, R. N. V.; Ribeiro, L. H.; Abdo, B. DE A.; Descio, F. J.; Junior, C. E. M & Serruya, D. C. (2014). Dor lombar inespecífica em adultos jovens: fatores de risco associados. Revista brasileira reumatologia.2014;54(5):371–377.

Kienbacher, T.; Kollmitzer, J & Anders, P. (2016). Age-related test-retest reliability of isometric trunk torque measurements in patiens with chronic low back pain. J Rehabil Med. 2016;48(10):893–902.

Meziat, F. N..; Coutinho, E. S & Azevedo e Silva, G. (2014). Association between home posture habits and low back pain in high school adolescents. European Spine Journal, 24(3), 425–433.

Noll, M.; Candotti, C. T.; Rosa, B. N & Loss, J. F. (2016). Back pain prevalence and associated factors in children and adolescents: an epidemiological population study. Rev Saúde Pública. 2016; 50: 31

Oliveira, R. (2010). Estudo longitudinal sobre factores de risco biomorfológicos e psicossociais associados aos problemas músculo-esqueléticos da coluna lombar em adolescentes [Tese Doutoramento]. Lisboa, Portugal: Universidade de Lisboa; 2010.

O’Sullivan, P. B.; Beales, D. J.; Smith, A. J & Straker, L. M. (2012) Low back pain in 17 year olds has substantial impact and represents an important public health disorder: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 12(1):100. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-100.

Schwertner, D. S. (2017). Lombalgias em jovens: análise dos fatores de risco associados e estratégias de avaliação. Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de motricidade humana, 2017.

Smith, A.; O'Sullivan, P & Straker L. (2008). Classification of sagittal thoraco-lumbo-pelvic alignment of the adolescent spine in standing and its relationship-low back pain. Spine 2008; 33(19): 2101-2107. 68.

Vos, T.; Flaxman, A. D.; Naghavi, M.; Lozano R.; Michaud, C & Ezzati, M. (2012). Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012; 380(9859): 2163–2196.

Weiner, S. S & Nordin, M. (2010). Prevention and management of chronic back pain. Best Pract Res Clinl Rheumatol. 2010; 24: 267–279.



How to Cite

DIAS, J. C. P. Young lombalgies; Characteristics and Associated Factors: Bibliographic Review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. e70911631, 2020. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1631. Disponível em: Acesso em: 24 sep. 2021.



Health Sciences