Nurses profile in intensive care units: risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i10.17523

Keywords:

Working Environment; Nursing; Occupational Health; Noncommunicable diseases.

Abstract

Objective: To describe the occurrence of self-reported Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) and related risk factors in nurses in the General and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in a reference hospital in the city of Maceió-AL. Methods: Descriptive study, carried out from April to July 2019. Data were obtained through a questionnaire prepared by the authors, with questions regarding personal and sociodemographic data, occupational and life habits and whether they already had such habits before the work in the ICU, in addition to self-reported anthropometric data. Results: 16 nurses were interviewed, 87.5% female, aged between 25 and 50 years, who worked in the sector between 11 and 15 years. Regarding the Body Mass Index, 37.5% were overweight and 6.25% were obese. 12.5% of the nurses declared they were smokers and 43.75% of the interviewees reported having acquired some NCDs during their professional performance in the ICU. Conclusion: The occurrence of identified NCDs and risk factors for its development was relatively high. The long working hours and the reduction in the quality of life of nursing professionals in the ICU proved to be important factors in common for the development of NCDs.

Author Biographies

Maíza Radely Pereira Ferreira, Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas

Nurse by the State University of Health Sciences of Alagoas - UNCISAL. She was a Scientific Initiation Scholar by the PIBIC / FAPEAL / UNCISAL program (2019-2020) and a member of the Research Group "Working Conditions and Health". She was an intern, in Nursing Care, at Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Maceió (SCMM) (2019-2020). She was monitor of the discipline of Health and Society I (2019-2020) and of the discipline of Biology, Embryology, Histology (2017-2019).

Bernardo do Rego Belmonte, Faculdade de Comunicação, Tecnologia e Turismo de Olinda

He holds a BA in Biological Sciences (2012), a Masters (2015) and a Ph.D. (2019) in Biochemistry and Physiology from the Federal University of Pernambuco. He is currently a professor in higher education in the area of ​​health, covering the disciplines of Biochemistry, Human Physiology, Biophysics, Microbiology and Human Parasitology. He has experience as a professor in Nursing, Medicine, Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Nutrition. He has laboratory experience in the field of Biochemistry, with emphasis on Biochemistry of Proteins and secondary metabolites, working mainly on the following topics: purification, biological applications of plant lectins, extractions, partitions and applications of secondary plant metabolites. In addition to evaluating insecticidal activity against Sitophilus zeamais, amoebicide against Acanthamoeba castellanii, schistomicidal against Schistosoma mansoni, as well as antimicrobial activity against various types of pathogenic and phytopathogenic bacteria and fungi.

Géssyca Cavalcante de Melo, Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas

PhD in Health Sciences from the Federal University of Sergipe (2020). She holds a Bachelor's Degree (2013) and a Master's Degree (2015) in Nursing from the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL) and specialization in Teaching in Professional Education from the Federal Institute of Alagoas (IFAL). She is an assistant professor at the State University of Health Sciences of Alagoas (UNCISAL) and since 2020 has been coordinating the supervised internship of the Nursing course. She has been a nurse at the Municipal Health Department of Maceió since 2014. She worked at the Testing and Counseling Center (CTA)/Specialized Assistance Service (SAE) in STI, HIV/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (2014-2021) and had experience in management as a coordinator of the same health service from 2016 to 2020. She is currently manager of the Municipal Program for IST/HIV/Aids/HV.

Geórgia Maria Ricardo Félix dos Santos, Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas

She has a Bachelor's Degree in Nursing from the Federal University of Pernambuco/Academic Center of Vitória - UFPE/CAV (2007-2011). Masters (2011-2013) and Doctorate (2013-2017) in Biochemistry and Physiology from UFPE. Specialization in Occupational Nursing from Faculdade Joaquim Nabuco (2012-2014). Didactic-Pedagogical Specialization for Nursing Education at UFPE (2019-2020). She is currently an assistant professor of the Bachelor of Nursing course at the State University of Health Sciences of Alagoas (UNCISAL) and professor at the Faculty of Communication, Technology and Tourism of Olinda (FACOTTUR). Has experience in Nursing with an emphasis on: Occupational Health, Biosafety, History of Nursing, Semiology and Semiotechnics, Surgical Nursing and CME, working mainly on the following topics: environment and worker health, surgical clinic, central material and sterilization, non-communicable chronic diseases, death and dying process, biosafety in animal manipulation and experimentation (rats), fetal programming, oxidative stress, health education.

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Published

07/08/2021

How to Cite

FERREIRA, M. R. P. .; BELMONTE, B. do R.; MELO, G. C. de; SANTOS, G. M. R. F. dos. Nurses profile in intensive care units: risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. e167101017523, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i10.17523. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/17523. Acesso em: 29 nov. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences