Influence of Magnesium and Calcium on Oxidative Stress in Obesity
Keywords:Nutritional Deficiencies; Metabolism; Noncommunicable Chronic Diseases.
Introduction: Obesity is characterized by excess body fat resulting from the imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure. Studies have shown that excess fat is associated with high-grade oxidative stress. Another important aspect concerns changes in micronutrient concentrations, such as magnesium and calcium, in obese organisms. Research has highlighted a reduction in serum values of these minerals in these individuals, as well as evidencing that in situations of deficiency there appears to be a higher production of reactive oxygen species, contributing to oxidative stress. Therefore, this review aims to provide updated information on the relationship between magnesium, calcium and oxidative stress in obesity. Methodology: A bibliographic survey was performed in the Pubmed, SciELO and LILACS databases, using the following keywords: “calcium”, “magnesium” and “obesity”; Obesity and oxidative stress; "Calcium", "magnesium", "obesity" and "oxidative stress". Results: Obese individuals appear to have magnesium deficiency due to inadequate mineral intake, compromising antioxidant defense mechanisms, as well as contributing to the increase of intracellular calcium, a factor that causes a high production of reactive oxygen species, promoting oxidative stress. Conclusion: The inadequate intake of magnesium contributes to the manifestation of its deficiency in obese, a situation that is linked to changes in calcium metabolism and antioxidant defense system. However, further studies are needed, considering that the metabolism of the studied micronutrients are not completely elucidated.
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