Radiation dose absorbed by the operator using portable dental x-ray machines: An integrative literature review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i9.18082

Keywords:

Dental radiography, portable dentistry, operator doses; Dental radiography; Portable dentistry; Operator doses.

Abstract

In Dentistry, complementary imaging exams aim to provide information that is complementary to the diagnosis, so due to its practicality, the portable x-ray device is increasingly used by dental surgeons to perform intraoral images. Thus, the objective of the present study is to know if the handling of the portable machine is safe for the operator. The present integrative literature review had Bireme, Scielo and Pubmed as a source of research in the search for articles, with research directed to publications that studied the radiation dose to which portable device operators are exposed, at the end of the research 12 articles were selected. During the literary review it was observed that in the execution of the tests, the portable x-ray machines were tested together with phantoms with dosimeters attached or in close proximity to the target areas under test, in order to evaluate the amount of radiation dose to which the professional is exposed. After carefully reading the articles of the selected articles, it was noted that the portable devices emit a dose of radiation below those recommended as an occupational limit, however with great potential for spreading through the mobile nature, having its use indicated for specific occasions, aiming to respect the principle of ALARA. Such a dose can still be reduced with the use of radiation protection measures. It is concluded that these devices are safe to use, but this should be restricted to situations in which a fixed device cannot be used and with additional use of PPE.

References

Berkhout, W. E. R, Suomalainen, A., Brüllmann, D., Jacobs, R., Horner, K., & Stamatakis, H. C. (2015). Justificativa e boas práticas no uso de equipamento portátil de raios-X odontológico: um documento de posição preparado pela European Academy of DentoMaxilloFacial Radiology (EADMFR). Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, 44 (6), 20140343.

Cho, J. Y., & Han, W. J. (2012). Os métodos de redução da dose de radiação do operador para máquinas de raio-X dentário portátil. Odontologia restaurativa e endodontia, 37,3: 160.

Cnen, N. N. 3.01. (2005). Diretrizes Básicas de Proteção Radiológica da Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear. Brasil.

Danforth, R.A.; Herschaft, E.E. & Leonowich, J.A. (2009). Operator Exposure to Scatter Radiation from a Portable Hand‐held Dental Radiation Emitting Device (Aribex™ NOMAD™) While Making 915 Intraoral Dental Radiographs. Journal of forensic sciences, 54, 415-421.

Diario oficial. Resolução - rdc nº 330, de 20 de dezembro de 2019''http://www.cvs.saude.sp.gov.br/zip/U_RS-MS-ANVISA-RDC-330_201219.pdf'’.

European Commission. (2004). Radiation protection no 136, European guidelines on radiation protection in dental radiology. [Cited 10 February 2015.] http://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/136.pdf

Gray, J.E.; Bailey, E.D. & Ludlow, J.B. (2012). Dental staff doses with handheld dental intraoral x-ray units. Health physics, 102, 137-142.

Iwawaki, A. et al. (2020). Comparação da dose de ar e exposição do operador de unidades portáteis de raios-X. Medicina Legal, 47, 101787.

Makdissi, J. et al. (2016). Os efeitos da posição do dispositivo na dose de radiação do operador ao usar um dispositivo portátil de raios-X portátil. Radiologia dentomaxilofacial, 45, 20150245.

Mcgiff, T.J.; Danforth, R.A. & Herschaft, E.E. (Mantendo exposições de radiação tão baixas quanto razoavelmente alcançáveis (ALARA) para o pessoal odontológico que opera equipamentos portáteis de raio-x portátil. Física da saúde, 103, S179-S185.

Otaka, Y., et al. (2020). Reduction of operator exposure by rectangular collimation in portable intraoral radiography. Radiological Physics and Technology, 13.3: 312-320.

Pansard, W. I. (2018). Fluxo de trabalho para a radiografia odontológica intrabucal: uma aplicabilidade para o SUS.

Rottke, D. et al. (2018). Segurança do operador durante a aquisição de imagens intraoraais com um dispositivo de raio-X portátil e portátil. Radiologia dentomaxilofacial, 47, 20160410.

Smith, R., Tremblay, R., & Wardlaw, G. M. (2019). Evaluation of stray radiation to the operator for five hand-held dental X-ray devices. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, 48(5), 20180301

Zenóbio, Elton G., et al. (2019). "Assessment of image quality and exposure parameters of an intraoral portable X-rays device." Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 48.3: 20180329.

Published

31/07/2021

How to Cite

MUNIZ, F.; BARBOSA, J. da S.; SILVA, H. F. V. da; SILVA, T. V. S. da; LIMA, M. P. de; ASSUNÇÃO , M. G. de; FERRIOLLI , S. C. .; SUASSUNA, F. C. M. . Radiation dose absorbed by the operator using portable dental x-ray machines: An integrative literature review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 9, p. e48310918082, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i9.18082. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/18082. Acesso em: 18 sep. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences