Nurses' knowledge about hygienization and packaging of removable dental prosthesis of patients in hospital admission and associated factors
Keywords:Hospital Dentistry Team; Hospitalized patients; Dental prosthetics.
The objective was to evaluate the knowledge of the nursing staff of Hospital São Vicente de Paulo (HSVP) in João Pessoa, PB, on hygiene and packaging of removable dental prostheses for hospitalized patients, and associated factors. This is a cross sectional observational quantitative study, carried out using the deductive method and analysis using absolute and percentage frequencies. The universe was composed of all nurses who work at HSVP (n = 36), of which 34 comprised the sample of this study. Data collection only started after approval of the research by the Research Ethics Committee of the Centro Universitário UNIESP (No. 4,315,662), being carried out through the application of a specific questionnaire. It was observed that most nurses (91.20%, n = 31) did not perform the cleaning of their patients' prostheses, nor did they receive any type of training related to oral care, either, with dental prostheses. It was identified that only 23.57% (n = 8) of the nurses adequately conditioned their dental prostheses. Regarding the theme of the study, 97.10% (n = 33) found it interesting to receive training. An association was observed between not having received training on hygiene and packaging of dental prostheses and mistakenly indicating materials for hygiene of the prostheses (RR = 10.40; CI = 0.785 - 137.83; p = 0.039). It is concluded that the lack of knowledge and training of the HSVP nursing team reflected negatively in the cleaning and conditioning of dental prostheses for hospitalized patients.
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