Dual-task training associated with cognitive association and mental image strategies: impact on balance, cognition and mental health in the elderly

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i10.18675

Keywords:

Motor activity; Cognition; Depression; Exercise.

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a dual-task (DT) protocol, associated with cognitive association strategies and mental image on balance, cognition, anxiety and depressive symptoms in the elderly. This is a quasi-experimental study, in which 10 elderly people participated in a DT activity program for six weeks. Short Physical Performance Battery (SPBB), MINI-ACE, MAC-Q, Geriatric Depression Scale and Geriatric Anxiety Inventory tests were used. Data analysis was conducted using the Shapiro-Wilk, dependent student t and Cohen d tests (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) in cognitive skills, depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms between the first and last DT intervention encounter. It was found that only performance in balance showed changes between the first (x = 10.50) and last (x = 11.10) intervention encounter, showing statistically significant significance (p = 0.005), and magnitude of the mean difference ( d=0.69). It was concluded that the intervention program in DT for six weeks had a positive effect only on the balance performance of the elderly.

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Published

15/08/2021

How to Cite

HAYASHI, C. L. .; VASCONCELLOS, T. H. F. .; OLIVEIRA, D. V. de .; NASCIMENTO JÚNIOR, J. R. A. do .; FRANCO, M. F. .; NOGUEIRA, J. K. A. . Dual-task training associated with cognitive association and mental image strategies: impact on balance, cognition and mental health in the elderly. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. e449101018675, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i10.18675. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/18675. Acesso em: 27 oct. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences