Association between bruxism and screen time in adolescents: exploratory study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i10.18844

Keywords:

Teen; Attitude towards computers; Bruxism; Mental health; Screen time.

Abstract

Adolescents make constant use of technologies, which can lead to overuse of the screen. These in turn generate mental consequences, such as stress and anxiety, which are triggering factors of bruxism. Considering this, this cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the association between bruxism and screen time in 236 adolescents, aged between 14 and 19 years of both sexes, high school students from public schools. Data were collected through questions contained in the National School Health Survey (PeNSE), Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and Diagnostic Criteria for Research in Temporomandibular Dysfunction (RDC/TMD). The Chi-Square test was used, and the Prevalence Ratio (PR) was calculated. Among the surveyed, 30.9% were bruxists and 62.3% used screens excessively. As for bruxism, there was no association with the independent variables studied. In relation to screen time, "Monthly family income" showed an association (p-value of 0.008), in which 76.1% of the surveyed who used screens for more than two hours a day had a monthly income between one and two minimum wages. Thus, there was no association between bruxism and screen time in adolescents. Bruxism and screen time were also not associated with the variables gender and age, however, there was an association between screen time and family income.

References

Alencar, T. C., Batista, J. F. D. O. L., Tolêdo, J. M. G. F., da Silveira, M. A. C., Lyra, M. C. A., Vieira, S. C. M., & Heimer, M. V. (2020). Associação entre qualidade do sono, bruxismo do sono e sonolência diurna excessiva em adolescentes. Brazilian Journal of Development, 6(9), 69157-69173.

Antunes, L. A. A., Castilho, T., Marinho, M., Fraga, R. S., & Antunes, L. S. (2015). Childhood bruxism: Related factors and impact on oral health-related quality of life. Special Care in Dentistry, 36(1), 7–12. https://doi.org/10.1111/scd.12140

Arman, K., Petruninaitė, A., Grigalauskienė, R., & Slabšinskienė, E. (2016). Stress experience and effect on self-perceived oral health status among high school students. Stomatologija, 18(3), 75–79.

Atkin, A. J., Sharp, S. J., Corder, K., & van Sluijs, E. M. F. (2014). Prevalence and Correlates of Screen Time in Youth. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47(6), 803–807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.07.043

Babey, S. H., Hastert, T. A., & Wolstein, J. (2013). Adolescent sedentary behaviors: Correlates differ for television viewing and computer use. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(1), 70–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.05.001

Brink, Y., Louw, Q., Grimmer, K., & Jordaan, E. (2014). The spinal posture of computing adolescents in a real-life setting. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-15-212

Cao, H., Qian, Q., Weng, T., Yuan, C., Sun, Y., Wang, H., & Tao, F. (2011). Screen time, physical activity and mental health among urban adolescents in China. Preventive Medicine, 53(4-5), 316–320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.09.002

Carra, M. C., Huynh, N., Morton, P., Rompré, P. H., Papadakis, A., Remise, C., & Lavigne, G. J. (2011). Prevalence and risk factors of sleep bruxism and wake-time tooth clenching in a 7- to 17-yr-old population. European Journal of Oral Sciences, 119(5), 386–394. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0722.2011.00846.x

Carvalho, A. d. M. B., Lima, M. d. D. M. d., Silva, J. M. N. d., Neta, N. B. D., & Moura, L. d. F. A. d. D. (2015). Bruxismo e qualidade de vida em escolares de 11 a 14 anos. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 20(11), 3385–3393. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320152011.20772014

Children, Adolescents, and Television. (2001). PEDIATRICS, 107(2), 423–426. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.107.2.423

Costa, A. R. O., de Oliveira, E. S., de Oliveira, D. W. D., Tavano, K. T. A., Murta, A. M. G., Gonçalves, P. F., & Flecha, O. D. (2017). Prevalência e fatores associados ao bruxismo em universitários: um estudo transversal piloto. Revista Brasileira de Odontologia, 74(2), 120.

Emodi Perlman, A., Lobbezoo, F., Zar, A., Friedman Rubin, P., van Selms, M. K. A., & Winocur, E. (2016). Self-Reported bruxism and associated factors in Israeli adolescents. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 43(6), 443–450. https://doi.org/10.1111/joor.12391

Feng, Q., Zhang, Q.-l., Du, Y., Ye, Y.-l., & He, Q.-q. (2014). Associations of Physical Activity, Screen Time with Depression, Anxiety and Sleep Quality among Chinese College Freshmen. PLoS ONE, 9(6), Artigo e100914. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100914

Ferreira, A. G., & Sales, S. R. (2019). " Nativos digitais"," geração internet"," Homo zappiens"," ciborgue": juventude conectada às tecnologias digitais. TEXTURA-Revista de Educação e Letras, 21(47).

Hu, E. Y., Ramachandran, S., Bhattacharya, K., & Nunna, S. (2018). Obesity Among High School Students in the United States: Risk Factors and Their Population Attributable Fraction. Preventing Chronic Disease, 15. https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd15.180122

K Hansraj, K. (2014). Assessment of stresses in the cervical spine caused by posture and position of the head. Surg Technol Int, 25, 277–279.

Kann, L., McManus, T., Harris, W. A., Shanklin, S. L., Flint, K. H., Queen, B., Lowry, R., Chyen, D., Whittle, L., Thornton, J., Lim, C., Bradford, D., Yamakawa, Y., Leon, M., Brener, N., & Ethier, K. A. (2018). Youth risk behavior surveillance — united states, 2017. MMWR. Surveillance Summaries, 67(8), 1–114. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.ss6708a1

Lucena, J. M. S. D., Cheng, L. A., Cavalcante, T. L. M., Silva, V. A. D., & Farias, J. C. D. (2015). Prevalência de tempo excessivo de tela e fatores associados em adolescentes. Revista Paulista de Pediatria, 33, 407-414.

Maras, D., Flament, M. F., Murray, M., Buchholz, A., Henderson, K. A., Obeid, N., & Goldfield, G. S. (2015). Screen time is associated with depression and anxiety in Canadian youth. Preventive Medicine, 73, 133–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.01.029

Oliveira, M. T. d., Bittencourt, S. T., Marcon, K., Destro, S., & Pereira, J. R. (2015). Sleep bruxism and anxiety level in children. Brazilian Oral Research, 29(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2015.vol29.0024

Ramos-Jimenez, A., Wall-Medrano, A., Esparza-Del Villar, O., & Hernández-Torres, R. P. (2013). Design and validation of a self-administered test to assess bullying (bull-M) in high school Mexicans: a pilot study. BMC public health, 13(1), 1-7.

Rey-Lopez, J. P., Tomas, C., Vicente-Rodriguez, G., Gracia-Marco, L., Jimenez-Pavon, D., Perez-Llamas, F., Redondo, C., Bourdeaudhuij, I. D., Sjostrom, M., Marcos, A., Chillon, P., & Moreno, L. A. (2010). Sedentary behaviours and socio-economic status in Spanish adolescents: The AVENA study. The European Journal of Public Health, 21(2), 151–157. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckq035

Rios, L. T., Aguiar, V. N. P., Machado, F. C., Rocha, C. T., & Neves, B. G. (2018). Bruxismo infantil e sua associação com fatores psicológicos – revisão sistemática da literatura. Revista de Odontologia da Universidade Cidade de São Paulo, 30(1), 64. https://doi.org/10.26843/ro_unicidv3012018p64-76

Rubens, S. L., Evans, S. C., Becker, S. P., Fite, P. J., & Tountas, A. M. (2016). Self-Reported time in bed and sleep quality in association with internalizing and externalizing symptoms in school-age youth. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 48(3), 455–467. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-016-0672-1

Smith-Menezes, A., Duarte, M. d. F. d. S., & Silva, R. J. d. S. (2012). Inatividade física, comportamento sedentário e excesso de peso corporal associados à condição socioeconômica em jovens. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, 26(3), 411–418. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1807-55092012000300007

Sousa, G. R. d., & Silva, D. A. S. (2017). Sedentary behavior based on screen time: Prevalence and associated sociodemographic factors in adolescents. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 22(12), 4061–4072. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320172212.00472016

Souza, H. C. S., Lima, M. d. D. M. d., Dantas Neta, N. B., Tobias, R. Q., Moura, M. S. d., & Moura, L. d. F. A. d. D. (2018). Prevalência e fatores associados ao bruxismo do sono em adolescentes de Teresina, Piauí. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, 21. https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720180002

Strausz, T., Ahlberg, J., Lobbezoo, F., Restrepo, C. C., Hublin, C., Ahlberg, K., & Könönen, M. (2010). Awareness of tooth grinding and clenching from adolescence to young adulthood: A nine-year follow-up. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 37(7), 497–500. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.2010.02071.x

Türkoğlu, S., Akça, Ö. F., Türkoğlu, G., & Akça, M. (2013). Psychiatric disorders and symptoms in children and adolescents with sleep bruxism. Sleep and Breathing, 18(3), 649–654. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-013-0928-y

Van Selms, M. K. A., Visscher, C. M., Naeije, M., & Lobbezoo, F. (2012). Bruxism and associated factors among Dutch adolescents. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 41(4), 353–363. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdoe.12017

Wallace, K. (2015). Teens spend a 'mind-boggling' 9 hours a day using media, report says. CNN. com. November, 4. https://edition.cnn.com/2015/11/03/health/teens-tweens-media-screen-use-report/index.html

Zeeni, N., Doumit, R., Abi Kharma, J., & Sanchez‐Ruiz, M. J. (2018). Media, technology use, and attitudes: Associations with physical and mental well‐being in youth with implications for evidence‐based practice. Worldviews on Evidence‐Based Nursing, 15(4), 304-312.

Zimerman, M. (2012). Digital natives, searching behavior and the library. New Library World, 113(3/4), 174–201. https://doi.org/10.1108/03074801211218552

Published

10/08/2021

How to Cite

MONTEIRO, V. R. .; ANJOS, R. S. dos .; CABRAL, L. F. S.; MENEZES, V. A. de .; COLARES, V.; FRANCA, C. da; GODOY, F. Association between bruxism and screen time in adolescents: exploratory study. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. e274101018844, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i10.18844. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/18844. Acesso em: 29 nov. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences