Efficacy of disinfecting inanimate surfaces against coronavirus: a systematic review
Keywords:SARS-CoV-2; Disinfectants; Inanimate Surface; Biocidal Agent; Coronavirus.
Human coronaviruses tend to persist on dry surfaces for 2 to 9 days, necessitating infection control and prevention protocols using biocidal agents. This systematic review aimed to answer the following focused question: What is the effectiveness of disinfectants on inanimate surfaces against the coronavirus? The acronym “PICOS” was used to represent the eligibility of studies: P = population (inanimate surfaces contaminated with coronavirus); I = intervention (disinfectants); C = comparison (studies with any type of control or studies that used a control group); O = outcomes (coronavirus inactivation on different types of inanimate surfaces); and S = study design (in vitro studies). The seven databases used were PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS), Web of Science, Scopus, LIVIVO, and Cochrane Library. The gray literature was also used as an information source through Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Open Gray. The search resulted in 6639 references, and 21 articles were used in the qualitative analysis. The results showed that all studied biocidal solutions provided some degree of decontamination and inactivation of the coronavirus, depending on the concentration of the disinfectant solution, the time of exposure of the product to the pathogen and the type of surface.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Isabela Bittencourt Basso; Angela Graciela Deliga Schroder; Rosane Sampaio Santos; Glória Cortz Ravazzi; Flavio Magno Gonçalves; José Stechman-Neto; Bianca Simone Zeigelboim; Bruna Povh; Cristiano Miranda de Araujo; Odilon Guariza-Filho
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