Strength training variables: an integrative review
Keywords:Physical training; Physical exercise; Physical Education; Training.
Strength training is a training modality well known in Brazil and in the world, due to the simplicity in the execution of movements and mainly to the several benefits that are provided. Benefits for some organs and systems in the human body, such as the heart, brain, blood vessels and, of course, for skeletal muscle system. However, to obtain these benefits, the prescription of strength training needs to be individualized and adopt some criteria to achieve the practitioner's goals. Within these criteria, there are many variables that need to be understood and applied in the exercise prescription. Thus, the objective of this review is to analyze the use and conceptualization of strength training variables, as well as to elucidate these issues for a better training prescription.
ACAD Brasil. (2017). Revista Boom do Fitness impulsiona mercado fornecedor. http://www.ebc.com.br/noticias/brasil/2014/08/poderaaquisitivo-e-acesso-levam-a-liderer-ranking-de cirugia.
Almeida, E., Goncalves, A., El-Khatib, S., & Padovani, C. R. (2006). Lesão muscular após diferentes métodos de treinamento de musculacão. Fisioterapia em Movimento. 19(4):17-23.
Brandão, L., De Salles, Painelli, V., Lasevicius, T., Silva-Batista, C., Brendon, H., et al. (2020). Varying the order of combinations of single- and multi-joint exercises differentially affects resistance training adaptations. J Strength Cond Res. 34(5):1254-1263. 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003550.
Brigatto, F. A., Lima, L. E. M., Germano, M. D., Aoki, M. S., Braz, T. V., & Lopes, C. R. (2019). High resistance-training volume enhances muscle thickness in resistance-trained men. J. Strength Cond. Res. 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003413.
De Salles, B. F. (2020). Métodos de Treinamento para força e hipertrofia: da teoria à prática.
De Sousa, R. A. L., Improta-Caria, A. C., & Souza, B. S. F. (2021). Exercise-linked irisin: consequences on mental and cardiovascular health in type 2 diabetes. Int J Mol Sci. 22:2199. doi.org/10.3390/ijms22042199.
Dias, I., Salles, B. F., Novaes, J., Costa, P., & Simão, R. (2010). Influence of exercise order on maximum strength in untrained young men. J Sci Med Sport. 13.(1):65-9. 10.1016/j.jsams.2008.09.003.
Figueiredo, V. C., De Salles, B. F., Trajano, G. S. (2018). Volume for muscle hypertrophy and health outcomes: the most effective variable in resistance training. Sports Med. 48(3):499-505. 10.1007/s40279-017-0793-0.
Fleck, S. J., & Kraemer, W. J. Fundamentos do treinamento de força muscular. (3a ed.), Artmed.
Fleck, S. J., & Kraemer, W. J. Fundamentos do treinamento de força muscular. (4a ed.), Artmed.
Improta-Caria, A. C., Soci, U. P. R., Pinho, C. S., Aras Júnior, R., De Sousa, R. A. L., & Bessa, T. C. B. (2021). Physical exercise and imune system: perspectives on the COVID-19 pandemic. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 67.Suppl1.20200673. doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.67.Suppl1.20200673.
Improta Caria, A. C., Nonaka, C. K. V., Pereira, C. S., Soares, M. B. P., Macambira, S. G., & Souza, B. S. F. (2018). Exercise training-induced changes in MicroRNAs: beneficial regulatory effects in hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Int J Mol Sci. 19(11):3608. doi.org/10.3390/ijms19113608.
Improta Caria, A. C., & Aras Júnior, R. Physical Exercise Training and Chagas Disease: Potential Role of MicroRNAs. (2021). Arq Bras Cardiol. 117(1):132-141. doi.org/10.36660/abc.20200330.
Improta-Caria, A. C., Nonaka, C. K. V, Cavalcante, B. R. R., Sousa, R. A. L., Aras Júnior, R., & Souza, B. S. F. (2020). Modulation of microRNAs as a potential molecular mechanism involved in the beneficial actions of physical exercise in Alzheimer disease. Int J Mol Sci. 21(14):4977. doi.org/10.3390/ijms21144977.
Lakatos, E. M. (2003). Fundamentos de metodologia científica. (5a ed.), Atlas.
Liz C. M., & Andrade A. (2016). Qualitative analysis of the reasons to the adhesion and desistance to the practice of resistance exercises in gyms. Rev Bras Ciên Esp. 38 (3): 267-274.
Minayo, M. C. S. (2012). O desafio do conhecimento: Pesquisa Qualitativa em Saúde. Hucitec. (12a ed.),
Prestes, J., Foschini, D., Marchetti, P., Charro, M., & Tibana, R. (2016). Prescrição e Periodização do Treinamento de Força em Academais. (2a ed.), Manole.
Souza, M. T., Silva, M. D., & Carvalho, R. (2010). Revisão integrativa: o que é e como fazer. Einstein (São Paulo). 8, 102-6. https://www.scielo.br/j/ein s/a/ZQTB kVJZqcWrTT34cXLjtBx/?format=pdf&lang=pt.
Toscano, J. J. (2001). Academia de Ginástica: um serviço de saúde latente. Rev Bras Ciên e Mov. http://portalrevistas.ucb.br/índex.php/RBC M/article/viewFile/381/434.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Thyerre Torres; Maguino Santos Silva; Jorge Medeiros Gomes; Cristiano Silva Pinho; Alex Cleber Improta Caria; Francisco José Gondim Pitanga
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.