Covid pandemic-19: dog behavior and the relationship with their guardians during social isolation

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i14.20162

Keywords:

Behavioral changes; Hyperattachment; Quiz.

Abstract

In the year 2020 an outbreak that spread rapidly to all continents, Covid-19, was declared by the World Health Organization. In Brazil and other countries in Latin America, a series of rules were enacted to slow down the spread of the virus. One of them was social isolation, which changed the routine of many people and also of pets. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify behavioral changes in dogs and investigate the relationship with their guardians during social isolation during the Covid-19 pandemic period. A questionnaire to identify possible behavioral changes in dogs was made available on social networks and sent by email. 1532 responses were recorded, from tutors who were mostly young/adults, aged between 24 and 35 years old, who were socially isolated, but went out to perform essential tasks and identified themselves with the female gender. Our results showed that, during this period of pandemic, there was greater interaction between tutors and their dogs. Furthermore, the dogs showed no signs of stress, anxiety and aggression. On the contrary, they were more attached, forming a hyperattachment bond with their tutors. It is concluded that, during this period, behavioral signs of stress and aggression in dogs were not identified. Signs of hyperattachment were found, such as crying and sad when separated from the guardians and more dependent. Regarding the tutors, most were young/adults, were socially isolated, but went out to perform essential tasks and identified with the female gender.

Author Biographies

Fernanda Dagmar Martins Krug, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Médica Veterinária

Professora Substituta do Ensino Básico Técnico e Tecnológico do Instituto Federal do Norte de Minas Gerais – Campus Salinas, Salinas, MG

Doutoranda em Ciências Veterinária pela Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil

Residente multiprofissional em área da saúde Medicina Veterinária em Pet Terapia: Atividade, Terapia e Educação Assistida por Animais na Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Especialista em Clínica e Cirurgia de Animais de Companhia pela Universidade de Cruz Alta

Sabrina de Oliveira Capella, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Médica Veterinária, Doutora em Ciências Veterinária pela UFPel,

Residente multiprofissional em área da saúde Medicina Veterinária em Pet Terapia: Atividade, Terapia e Educação Assistida por Animais na Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Mariana Cristina Hoeppner Rondelli, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Médica Veterinária, Doutora em Veterinária pela UNESP – Jaboticabal - SP,

 Coordenadora do EndocrinoPeq UFPEL 

Professora do curso de Medicina Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil

Marcia de Oliveira Nobre, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Médica Veterinária, Doutora em Veterinária pela UFPel,

Coordenadora do Grupo de Pesquisa, Ensino e Extensão em Clínica de Pequenos Animais (ClinPet) da UFPel

Coordenadora da área de intervenções mediadas por animais (Pet terapia) da UFPel

Professora do curso de Medicina Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil

Bolsista de Produtividade em Pesquisa do CNPq - Nível 2

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Published

12/11/2021

How to Cite

KRUG, F. D. M. .; SCHMITT, C. I.; CAPELLA, S. de O. .; RONDELLI, M. C. H. .; NOBRE, M. de O. . Covid pandemic-19: dog behavior and the relationship with their guardians during social isolation. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 14, p. e508101420162, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i14.20162. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/20162. Acesso em: 19 jun. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences