Evaluation preliminary phytochemistry and antimicrobial activity of extracts in Eugenia uniflora L. on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i13.20579

Keywords:

Bacterial activity; Natural products; Microorganisms.

Abstract

Devido ao aumento da resistência de patógenos humanos e animais aos medicamentos atuais, pesquisas por novos antimicrobianos têm sido incentivadas, principalmente por meio de plantas medicinais. Eugenia uniflora L., conhecida como pitangueira, é popularmente utilizada com diversas funções terapêuticas, justificando estudos nesta espécie. Assim, os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar a atividade antibacteriana “in vitro” de extratos de folhas e cascas de Eugenia uniflora L. sobre Escherichia coli e Staphylococcus aureus. Para as etapas de triagem fitoquímica e microbiologia, foram utilizadas as metodologias usuais nessas áreas para obtenção dos extratos e avaliação da atividade antibacteriana com uso de controle positivo e negativo. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que no extrato das folhas foi verificada a presença de saponinas, flavonóides, alcalóides e taninos, enquanto na casca foram obtidos apenas saponinas e alcalóides. Os extratos da folha e da casca foram capazes de inibir o crescimento de Stapylococcus aureus apenas, promovendo halos de inibição de meio de 19,4 mm e 14,4 mm, respectivamente. As análises permitiram concluir que os extratos apresentam metabólitos secundários interessantes e de grande potencial antimicrobiano e que esses extratos foram capazes de inibir apenas as cepas de S. aureus, sendo resistentes às cepas de E. Coli.

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Published

20/10/2021

How to Cite

BITTENCOURT, A. H. C. .; MACHADO, J. S. .; SILVA, M. G. da .; COSENZA, B. A. P. . Evaluation preliminary phytochemistry and antimicrobial activity of extracts in Eugenia uniflora L. on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e329101320579, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.20579. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/20579. Acesso em: 6 dec. 2021.

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Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences