Effects of menopause on maxillary bones and dental implant survival





Women's Health; Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal; Dental Implants; Biphosphonates.


Aim of this study was to analyze the effects of osteoporosis onset in postmenopausal women, as well as its influence on the survival of dental implants in this group of women. The literature review was carried out through a literature review of studies published in recent years in the databases of PubMed/Medline, Scopus, LILACS and SciELO. The results indicated that osteoporosis directly affects the maxillary bones, causing changes in their bone quality and density. However, these changes did not affect the survival rate of dental implants in this female group, which was also observed in relation to the use of oral bisphosphanes. It is possible to conclude that osteoporosis caused by menopause causes bone changes in the jaws, but does not affect the survival of dental implants. The same occurs in women who use oral bisphosphonates.


Brasileiro, C. B., Chalub, L. L. F. H., Abreu, M. H. N. G., Barreiros, I. D., Amaral, T. M. P., Kakehasi, A. M., & Mesquita, R. A. (2017). Use of cone beam computed tomography in identifying postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Arch Osteoporos, 12 (1), 1-6.

Dvorak, G., Arnhart, C., Heuberer, S., Huber, C. D., & Watzek, G. (2011). Peri-implantitis and late implant failures in postmenopausal women: a cross-sectional study. J Clin Periodontol, 38 (1), 950-955.

Gaetti-Jardim, E. C., Santiago-Junior, J. F., Goiato, M. C., Pelizer, E. P., Magno-Filho, O., & Jardim-Junior, E. G. (2011). Dental Implants in Patients With Osteoporosis. Journal Of Craniofacial Surgery, 22 (3), 1111-1113.

Hermont, A. P., Zina, L. G., Silva, K. D., Silva, J. M., & Martins-Júnior, P. A. (2021). Revisões integrativas: conceitos, planejamento e execução. Arq Odontol, 57 (1), 3-7.

Iwasaki, M., Nakamura, K., Yoshihara, A., & Miyazaki, H. (2011). Change in bone mineral density and tooth loss in Japanese community-dwelling postmenopausal women: a 5-year cohort study. J Bone Miner Metab, 30 (1), 447-453.

Ko, Y., Tsai, M., Fuh, L., Wang, X., Huang, H., & Hsu, J. (2020). Association between Age of Menopause and Thickness of Crestal Cortical Bone at Dental Implant Site: a cross-sectional observational study. International. Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health, 17 (5868), 1-9.

Koka, S., Babu, N. M. S., & Norell, A. (2010). Survival of dental implants in post-menopausal bisphosphonate users. Journal of Prosthodontic Research, 54 (1), 108-111.

Mellado-Valero, A., Ferrer-Garcia, J. C., Calvo-Catalá, J., & Labaig-Rueda, C. (2010). Implant treatment in patients with osteoporosis. Med Oral, Patol Oral and Cir Bucal, 15 (1), 52-57.

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., & The PRISMA Group. (2009). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. Plos Medicine, 6 (7), 1-6.

Munakata, M., Tachikawa, N., Honda, E., Shiota, M., & Kasugai, S. (2011). Influence of menopause on mandibular bone quantity and quality in Japanese women receiving dental implants. Arch Osteoporos, 6 (1), 51-57.

Mutneja, P., Dhawan, P., Raina, A., & Sharma, G. (2012). Menopause and the oral cavity. Indian Journal Of Endocrinology And Metabolism, 16 (4), 548-551.

Puspitadewi, S. R., Wulandari, P., Kusdhany, L. S., Masulili, S. L. C., Iskandar, H. B., & Auerkari, E. I. (2019). Relationship of Age, Body Mass Index, Bone Density, and Menopause Duration with Alveolar Bone Resorption in Postmenopausal Women. Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada, 19 (1), 1-10.

Temmerman, A., Rasmusson, L., Kubler, A., Thor, A., Merheb, J., & Quirynen, M. (2019). A Prospective, Controlled, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Clinical Outcome of Implant Treatment in Women with Osteoporosis/Osteopenia: 5-Year Results. Journal of Dental Research, 98 (1), 84-90.

Toy, V. E., & Uslu, M. O. (2020). Evaluation of Long‑Term Dental Implant Success and Marginal Bone Loss in Postmenopausal Women. Niger J Clin Pract, 23 (1), 147-153.

Yajima, N., Munakata, M., Fuchigami, K., Sanda, M., & Kasugai, S. (2017). Influence of Bisphosphonates on Implant Failure Rates and Characteristics of Postmenopausal Woman Mandibular Jawbone. Journal of Oral Implantology, 42 (5), 345-349.

Yamashita-Mikami, E., Tanaka, M., Sakurai, N., Arai, Y., Matsuo, A., Ohshima, H., Nomura, S., & Ejiri, S. (2013). Correlations between alveolar bone microstructure and bone turnover markers in pre- and post-menopausal women. Oral Surg, Oral Med, Oral Pathol and Oral Radiol, 115 (4), e12-e19.

Zhang, C. Y., DeBaz, C., Bhandal, G., Alli, F., Francisco, M. C. B., Thacker, H. L., Palomo, J. M., & Palomo, L. (2016). Buccal Bone Thickness in the Esthetic Zone of Postmenopausal Women: A CBCT Analysis. Implant Dentistry, 25 (4), 478-484.



How to Cite

OLIVEIRA, T. R. S. de; SANTOS, L. G. dos; SALES, T. H. F. de. Effects of menopause on maxillary bones and dental implant survival. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e130101320874, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.20874. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/20874. Acesso em: 7 dec. 2021.



Health Sciences