Social isolation experienced by postpartum women during the Covid-19 pandemic

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21168

Keywords:

Women; Postpartum period; Social isolation; Covid-19; Nursing.

Abstract

Objective: To know the positive and negative aspects of social isolation experienced by postpartum women during the Covid-19 pandemic. Methodology: A qualitative research was carried using the Grounded Theory as methodological framework. 14 postpartum women who gave birth in a hospital in southern Brazil participated. Data were collected in the second half of 2020 through interviews, being analyzed using open, axial and selective coding. Results: As positive, they reported being able to conduct their actions with their baby no intrusion; less concern about contagion by Covid-19. They reported tranquility to establish breastfeeding. They were able to meet the needs of their children of different ages, their intimacy preserved. They recognized as negative the need for social isolation and adhered to protective measures for fear of contagion. They manifested needs for emotional interaction and desire to share the joy of their child's birth with other people. They experienced the puerperium was a solitary, insecure and exhausting, felt the lack of a support network, feeling overloaded with the demands of the baby, household chores, having to manage their feelings. Final considerations: Social isolation had a strong impact on the puerperium experience, requiring changes in plans and adaptations. The use of alternative forms of contact should be implemented online media a way to keep them in social contact even if they are far away. The partner must be equipped to care for both the mother and the newborn, minimizing their physical and mental strain.

Author Biographies

Greice Machado Pieszak, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria

Enfermeira Obstetra e Neonatologista. Mestre em Enfermagem pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria(UFSM). Doutoranda em Enfermagem pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG). Professora na Universidade Federal de Santa Maria.

Giovana Calcagno Gomes, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande

Graduated in Nursing and Obstetrics from the Federal University of Rio Grande (1988), Master's in Nursing from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (2000) and Ph.D. in Nursing from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (2005). He is currently an associate professor at the School of Nursing at the Federal University of Rio Grande - FURG, working in the Postgraduate Program in Nursing (Masters and Doctorate). : nursing care, child and adolescent health, health education, research methodology, family health, hospital health, chronic diseases in childhood, use of psychoactive substances and chemical dependency in adolescence. He coordinates the Stomatherapy Service at the University Hospital Dr. Miguel Riet Corrêa Jr. Leader of the Study and Research Group on Nursing and Child and Adolescent Health-GEPESCA / FURG. Tutor of the `PET Nursing/ FURG Group.

Adriane Maria Netto de Oliveira, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande

Graduated in Nursing and Obstetrics from the Federal University of Rio Grande (FURG). Degree in Nursing from the Federal University of Rio Grande (FURG). Master in Nursing from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). PhD in Nursing - Area of ​​Concentration: Philosophy, Health and Society from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). Professor of the Undergraduate Nursing Course, Graduate Program in Nursing, School of Nursing, Federal University of Rio Grande (FURG). Coordinator of the Postgraduate Course Lato Sensu - Multidisciplinary Approach to Chemical Dependence at the Institute of Biological Sciences (ICB). Professor of the Post-Graduate Course Lato Sensu - Multidisciplinary Approach to Chemical Dependence at the Institute of Biological Sciences (ICB). Practice Area: Psychiatric Nursing; Mental Health, Human Development and Family. Member of the Editorial Board of Vittalle: Journal of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine (FAMED) of the Federal University of Rio Grande. Leader of the Study and Research Group in Mental Health (GEPESM).

Pâmela Kath de Oliveira Nörnberg, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande

Graduated from the Nursing course at the Federal University of Rio Grande/FURG. Master in Nursing from the Graduate Program in Nursing PPGEnf/FURG. PhD in Nursing from the Graduate Program in Nursing PPGEnf/FURG. Member of the GEPESCA/FURG Research Group. Professional Experience: Nurse at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Postoperative Cardiac ICU at Hospital Santa Casa do Rio Grande. Professional Teaching Experience: Professor at the Anhanguera Educational Teaching Institution and Professor at the Federal University of Rio Grande/FURG. Professional Experience Professionalizing Technical Course: Educational Advisor at SENAC/RS/Rio Grande.

Adressa Rodrigues Peripolli, Instituto Federal Farroupilha

Nurse graduated from the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM/RS, 2010). Degree in Education from the Teacher Training Course for Professional Education (UFSM/RS, 2012). Master in Nursing from the Graduate Program in Nursing at UFSM (2013). PhD in Nursing from the Postgraduate Program in Nursing at the Federal University of Ceará (UFC/CE, 2015). Member of the Research Groups for Health Care of People, Families and Society (PEFAS/UFSM) and Nursing in the Promotion and Education in Family and Child Health (UFC). Professor at the Federal Institute Farroupilha/Campus Santo Ângelo (RS). Leader of the Health and Welfare Research Group. It works on the following topics: breastfeeding, maternal and child health, newborn health, women's health.

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Published

17/10/2021

How to Cite

PIESZAK, G. M. .; GOMES, G. C. .; OLIVEIRA, A. M. N. de .; NÖRNBERG, P. K. de O. .; KRUEL, C. S. .; PERIPOLLI, A. R. . Social isolation experienced by postpartum women during the Covid-19 pandemic. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e434101321168, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21168. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/21168. Acesso em: 2 dec. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences