Impact of oral disease and disorders on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life of Brazilian football athletes: a cross-sectional study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i4.26377

Keywords:

Oral Health; Quality of Life; Athletes.

Abstract

Introduction: The athletes who practice sports routinely are exposed to the onset of numerous diseases. Objective: To evaluate oral conditions and their impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in Brazilian football athletes using OHIP-14 questionnaire. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, after sample calculation, football athletes were recruited in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Clinical and non-clinical data were collected. Psychometrics properties from OHIP-14 were assessed and the student’s T-test was used to evaluate the associations. Results: From 45 football athletes recruited, after applying the eligibility criteria, 34 athletes were included. The most frequent oral conditions observed were dental erosion (85.3%) and malocclusion (85.3%). OHIP-14 had satisfactory properties (α of Cronbach = 0.80 and test-retest/ICC = 0.90). The mean of impact on OHRQoL was 2.79 (± 3.98). There were association of OHIP-14 total score (p=0.01) and the physical pain subscale (p<0.05) for tooth sensitivity, psychological discomfort subscale for dental caries (p=0.01), physical pain subscale (p=0.04) and psychological disability (p=0.01) for malocclusion. Conclusions: The most prevalent oral conditions in athletes were dental erosion and malocclusion. Dental caries, malocclusion and tooth sensitivity were most likely to impact OHRQoL. The OHIP-14 is a satisfactory instrument to detect impact on OHRQoL in Brazilian athletes.

References

Almeida, A. M.; Loureiro, C. A.; & Araújo, V. E. (2004). Um estudo transcultural de valores de saúde bucal utilizando o instrumento OHIP-14 (Oral Health Impact Profile) na forma simplificada – Parte I: Adaptação cultural e lingüística. UFES Rev Odontol, 6, 6-15.

American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM). (2005). International classification of sleep disorders: diagnostic and coding manual. Westchester, IL: American Academy of Sleep Medicine, pp 182-185.

Antunes, L. A. A.; Ornellas, G. O.; Fraga, R. S.; & Antunes, L. S. (2018). Oral health outcomes: the association of clinical and socio-dental indicators to evaluate dental caries in preschool children. Cien Saude Colet, 23, 491-500.

Ashley, P.; Di Iorio, A.; Cole, E.; Tanday, A.; & Needleman, I. (2015). Oral health of elite athletes and association with performance: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med, 49, 14-19.

Associação Brasileira de Empresas de Pesquisa (ABEP) Novo Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil. (2015). Available from: http://www.abep.org

Bartlett, D.; Ganss, C.; & Lussi, A. (2008). Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE): a new scoring system for scientific and clinical needs. Clin Oral Investig, 12Suppl1, S65-8.

Bryant, S.; McLaughlin, K.; Morgaine, K.; & Drummond, B. (2011). Elite athletes and oral health. Int J Sports Med, 32, 720-724.

Carvalho, P .E.; Lima Júnior, C. M.A .; Dantas, K .B .A.; Souza, D. M.; Oliveira, C. C. C.; & Dantas, E. H. M. (2020). Oral health in physical performance of athletes. Research, Society and Develpoment, 9, e784998129.

Cohenca, N.; Roges, R. A.; & Roges, R. (2007). The incidence and severity of dental trauma in intercollegiate athletes. J Am Dent Assoc, 138, 1121-1126.

D’ercole, S.; Tieri, M.; Martinelli, D.; & Tripodi, D. (2016). The effect of swimming on oral health status: competitive versus non-competitive athletes. J Appl Oral Sci, 24, 107-113.

Frese, C.; Frese, F.; Kuhlmann, S.; Saure, D.; Reljic, D.; & Staehle, H.J. et al. (2015). Effect of endurance training on dental erosion, caries, and saliva. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 25, e319-326.

Gallagher, J.; Ashley, P.; Petrie, A.; & Needleman, I. (2018). Oral health and performance impacts in elite and professional athletes. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 46, 563-568.

Gay-Escoda, C.; Vieira-Duarte-Pereira, D. M.; Ardèvol, J.; Pruna, R.; Fernandez, J.; & Valmaseda-Castellón, E. (2011). Study of the effect of oral health on physical condition of professional soccer players of the Football Club Barcelona. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal, 16, e436-439.

Jenny, J. & Cons, N. C. (1996). Establishing malocclusion severity levels on the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) scale. Aust Dent J, 41, 43-46.

Kragt, L.; Moen, M. H.; Van Den Hoogenband, C. R.; & Wolvius, E. B. (2018). Oral health among Dutch elite athletes prior to Rio 2016. Phys Sportsmed, 8, 1-7.

Maffulli, N.; Longo, U. G.; Gougoulias, N.; Caine, D.; Denaro, V. (2011). Sport injuries: A review of outcomes. Br Med Bull, 97, 47–80.

Márquez-Hidalgo, J.; Zamora-Campos, D.; Acurio-Benavente, P.; Kinoshita-Rivas, H.; López-Rodriguez, G.; Moreno-Sekula, K.; et al. (2020). Relationship between the quality of life and oral health in athletes at a Peruvian university. Gen Dent, 68, 73-77.

Mjör, I.A. (2009). Dentin Permeability: The Basis for Understanding Pulp Reactions and Adhesive Technology. Braz Dent J, 20(1), 3-16.

Moreira, N. B.; Vagetti, G. C.; de Oliveira, V.; & Campos, W. (2014). Association between injury and quality of life in athletes: A systematic review, 1980-2013. Apunts Med Esport, 49, 123-138.

Needleman, I.; Ashley, P.; Fine, P.; Haddad, F.; Loosemore, M.; de Medici, A.; et al. (2015). Oral health and elite sport performance. Br J Sports Med, 49, 3-6.

Needleman, I.; Ashley, P.; Petrie, A.; Fortune, F.; Turner, W.; Jones, J. et al. (2013). Oral health and impact on performance of athletes participating in the London 2012 Olympic Games: a cross-sectional study. Br J Sports Med, 47, 1054-1058.

O’Donovan, G.; Blazevich, A.J.; Boreham, C.; Cooper, A.R.; Crank, H.; Ekelund, U. et al. (2010). The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: A consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. J Sports Sci, 28, 573–591.

Opazo-García, C.; Moya-Salazar, J.; Chicoma-Flores, K.; & Contreras-Pulache, H. (2021). Oral health problems in high-performance athletes at 2019 Pan American Games in Lima: a descriptive study. BDJ Open, 16, 21.

Simon, J .E.; & Docherty, C.L. (2014). Current health related quality of life is lower in former Division I collegiate athletes than in non-collegiate athletes. Am J Sports Med, 42, 423-429.

Sullivan, K. M.; & Dean, A. G. Open Source Statistics for Public Health. Available from: https://www.openepi.com/SampleSize/SSPropor.htm

The WHOQOL Group. (1998). The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQoL): development and general psychometric properties. Soc Sci Med, 46, 1569-1585.

Von Elm, E.; Altman, D. G.; Egger, M.; Pocock, S. J.; Gotzche, P. C.; & Vandenbroucke, J. P. (2008). for the STROBE Initiative.. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. J Clin Epidemiol, 61, 344-349.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2013). Oral Health Surveys: Basics Methods. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Downloads

Published

18/03/2022

How to Cite

CASTILHO, T.; SARKIS, P.; MILANI, A. J.; ANTUNES, L. S. .; ANTUNES, L. A. A. . Impact of oral disease and disorders on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life of Brazilian football athletes: a cross-sectional study. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 4, p. e28311426377, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i4.26377. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/26377. Acesso em: 24 feb. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences