Granulomatous dermatitis by Halicephalobus gingivalis in a horse in northeastern Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i3.26818

Keywords:

Equine disease; Dermatopathology; Parasitic dermatitis; Nematode.

Abstract

The clinical and anatomopathological findings of a case of granulomatous dermatitis by Halicephalobus gingivalis in a horse in northeastern Brazil, are described. The animal presented multifocal, non-pruritic and painless cutaneous nodules, predominantly arranged in the abdominal, thoracic, cervical and facial regions, and on the lateral surface of the thoracic and pelvic limbs. Skin fragments were collected, fixed in 10% buffered formalin, cleaved, routinely processed for histopathology and sent for anatomopathological evaluation. Macroscopically, well-delimited exophytic nodules with an alopecic, multilobulated and crusted surface, measuring 0.5 to 1 cm in diameter, were observed. When cut, the nodules were soft, with a yellowish, compact and smooth surface. Histopathology revealed a focally extensive, accentuated nodular and granulomatous dermatitis associated with rhabditiform nematode parasites, morphologically compatible with H. gingivalis. H. gingivalis infections should be included in the differential diagnosis of granulomatous dermatitis in horses. Treatment with ivermectin associated with surgical excision of the nodules proved to be efficient.

References

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Published

07/03/2022

How to Cite

OLIVEIRA, A. M. de; SOUTO, E. P. F. de; NASCIMENTO, M. J. R. do; SILVEIRA, G. L. da; DINIZ, A. N. S.; DANTAS, A. F. M. .; GALIZA, G. J. N. de. Granulomatous dermatitis by Halicephalobus gingivalis in a horse in northeastern Brazil . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 3, p. e54011326818, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i3.26818. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/26818. Acesso em: 16 jun. 2024.

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences