Fetal alcoholic syndrome and consequences on child neurodevelopment: a literature review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i5.28091

Keywords:

Alcoholism; Pregnancy; Infant, newborn.

Abstract

The Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder occurs due to the consumption of alcohol by the mother during the gestational period and constitutes, currently, a serious problem, as it contributes to the appearance of a series of inborn defects in the child, especially with regard to child neurodevelopment. In that way, the objective of this study was to carry out a bibliographic review about this topic, with the goal of analyzing the consequences on the neurodevelopment of the newborn caused by this syndrome. It consists of a qualitative study that made use of twenty-one articles from 2009 to 2021. Under this bias, it was noted that the most affected systems by the fetal alcohol spectrum disorder were the cardiovascular and the nervous system, and the main clinical presentations were heart malformations and modifications in physical and neural development. It was also noticed that despite the evident harm derived from the ingestion of alcohol during pregnancy it remains a critical problem. For this reason, it is necessary to emphasize early diagnosis and intervention, as well as the promotion of research specifically focused on this subject.

Author Biography

Samara Tatielle Monteiro Gomes, Universidade de Gurupi

Professora universitária

References

Araújo, N. M. (2017). Síndrome Alcoólica Fetal e suas Implicações Orofaciais. <https://bdm.unb.br/handle/10483/19716>

Bariselli, S., & Lovinger, D. M. (2021). Corticostriatal Circuit Models of Cognitive Impairments Induced by Fetal Exposure to Alcohol. Biological Psychiatry, 90(8), 516-528. <https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006322321013305>

Botelho, L. L. R., Cunha, C. C. de A., & Macedo, M. (2011). O método da revisão integrativa nos estudos organizacionais. Gestão E Sociedade, 5(11), 121–136. <https://doi.org/10.21171/ges.v5i11.1220>

Campelo, L. L., Santos, R. C., Angelo, M., & Nóbrega, M. d. (2018). Efeitos do consumo de drogas parental no desenvolvimento e saúde mental da criança: revisão integrativa. SMAD, Revista Eletrônica Saúde Mental Álcool E Drogas, 14(4), 245-256. <https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.smad.2018.000411>

Carter, R. C., Jacobson, J. L., Molteno, C. D., Dodge, N. C., Meintjes, E. M., & Jacobson, S. W. (2016). Fetal alcohol growth restriction and cognitive impairment. Pediatrics, 138(2). <https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/138/2/e20160775>

Franklin, T., Fernandes, J. D., & Vilela, A. B. (2020). Analysis of scientific production about fetal alcoholic syndrome and their relationship with the health of children. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e141997143. <https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/7143>

Galvão, T. F., Pansani, T. d., & Harrad, D. (2015). Principais itens para relatar Revisões sistemáticas e Meta análises: A recomendação Prisma. Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde, 24(2), 335-342. Acesso em 2022, disponível em <https://www.scielo.br/j/ress/a/TL99XM6YPx3Z4rxn5WmCNCF/?lang=pt>.

Lange, S., Shield, K., Rehm, J., Anagnostou, E., & Popova, S. (2019). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Neurodevelopmentally and behaviorally indistinguishable from other neurodevelopmental disorders. BMC psychiatry, 19(1), 1-10. <https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12888-019-2289-y>

Lewis, C. E., Thomas, K. G., Ofen, N., Warton, C. M., Robertson, F., Lindinger, N. M., & Jacobson, S. W. (2021). An fMRI investigation of neural activation predicting memory formation in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. NeuroImage: Clinical, 30, 102532. <https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213158220303697>

May, P. A., Marais, A.-S., Vries, M. M., Buckley, D., Kalberg, W. O., Hasken, J. M., & Hoyme, H. E. (2021). The prevalence, child characteristics, and maternal risk factors for the continuum of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: A sixth population-based study in the same South African community. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 218, 108408. <https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0376871620305731>

Mesquita, M. d., & Segre, C. A. (2009). Freqüência dos efeitos do álcool no feto e padrão de consumo de bebidas alcoólicas pelas gestantes de maternidade pública da cidade de São Paulo. Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum., 19(1), 63-77. <http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-12822009000100007>

NIAAA-National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2019). Fetal Alcohol Exposure. <https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/brochures-and-fact-sheets/fetal-alcohol-exposure>

OPAS. (2019). <https://www.paho.org/pt/noticias/25-6-2019-curso-virtual-da-opas-aborda-consumo-alcool-durante-gravidez>

Pediatria, S. B. (2018). SBP divulga vídeos de alerta contra a Síndrome Alcoólica Fetal (SAF). <https://www.sbp.com.br/imprensa/detalhe/nid/sbp-divulga-videos-de-alerta-contra-a-sindrome-alcoolica-fetal-saf/>

Pereira, J. L., Arruda, R. S., Rosa, C. C., Castro, L. d., & Valverde, R. d. (2021). Toxicidade do álcool no sistema nervoso de recém-nascidos provenientes da ingestão materna durante a gestação e amamentação: uma revisão integrativa. Revista Artigos.Com, 31, e8980-e8980. <https://acervomais.com.br/index.php/artigos/article/view/8980>

Pio, D. A., & Capel, M. d. (2015). Os significados do cuidado na gestação. Revista Psicologia e Saúde, 7(1), 74-81. <http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2177-093X2015000100010>

Reid, N., Shelton, D., Warner, J., O'Callaghan, F., & Dawe, S. (2017). Profile of children diagnosed with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A retrospective chart review. Drug and Alcohol review, 36(5), 677-681. <https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/dar.12519>

Saúde, M. d. (2018). <https://portaldeboaspraticas.iff.fiocruz.br/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Caderneta-da-Gestante-2018.pdf>

Segre, C. A. (2020). Atualizações científicas sobre a síndrome alcoólica fetal (SAF). Disponível em sociedade de pediatria de são paulo. <https://www.spsp.org.br/PDF/SAF-Documento%20Cient%C3%ADfico.pdf>

Segre, C. A. (2017). Efeitos do álcool na gestante, no feto e no recém-nascido. Disponível em sociedade de pediatria de são paulo. <https://www.spsp.org.br/downloads/AlcoolSAF2.pdf>

Silva, M. E., Silva, W. M., Bezerra, J. J., Souza, J. N., Souza, R. G., Costa, J. d., & Santos, M. P. (2021). Teratogenic agents and fetal development: A narrative review. Research, Society and Development, 10(5), e0210514555-e0210514555. <https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/14555>

Souza, M. T. D., Silva, M. D. D., & Carvalho, R. D. (2010). Revisão integrativa: o que é e como fazer. Einstein (São Paulo), 8(1), 102-106. <https://www.scielo.br/j/eins/a/ZQTBkVJZqcWrTT34cXLjtBx/abstract/?lang=pt>

Subramoney, S., Eastman, E., Adnam, C., Stein, D. J., & Donald, K. A. (2018). The Early Developmental Outcomes of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: A Review. Frontiers in neurology, 9, 1108. <https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fneur.2018.01108/full>

Webster, H., Doak, J., & Katsikitis, M. (2020). Community-based child development service fetal alcohol spectrum disorder assessment: A retrospective clinic audit. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 56(5), 777-785. <https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jpc.14744>

Published

04/04/2022

How to Cite

SILVA, T. P. da; VIANA, J. S. B.; SILVA, A. P. da; SILVA, B. H. F. P. da; SILVA, G. M. e; MORAES, L. de A.; TAVARES, S. C.; FERREIRA, T. T. P.; FELICÍSSIMO, T. A.; MAGALHÃES, R. N.; GOMES, S. T. M. Fetal alcoholic syndrome and consequences on child neurodevelopment: a literature review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 5, p. e23511528091, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i5.28091. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/28091. Acesso em: 29 jun. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences