Scenarios of epidemics of arboviruses and health risks in the Semiarid Region of the Northeast: confrontations and challenges

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i6.28580

Keywords:

Arboviruses; Scratch; Epidemic; Public healt; Environmental education.

Abstract

The Brazilian semiarid region goes through recurrent scenarios of the triple epidemics of arboviruses (Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya), transmitted by Aedes aegypti, with an incidence of diseases and their sequelae in human health. There is, therefore, an increase in risks, with the multifactorial determination of arboviruses through the interrelation of ecological, political, economic and social factors. In addition to the changes in the social fabric, resulting from the deficient urbanization system and the inconsistency in the basic sanitation infrastructure, intermittent piped water supply leading to the accumulation of water in an inappropriate place, which favors the proliferation of vectors and other diseases, in addition to vulnerabilities environmental. The methodology applied, depending on the objective of the study, is of a descriptive-exploratory nature, with a qualitative approach, through the application of semi-structured interviews applied with social actors from the infrastructure/city hall and population of the areas with the highest incidence of arboviruses, in the municipalities of Olivedos, Juazeirinho and Tenório in Paraíba. The final considerations point to the decision-making of the State in the adoption of public policies for the prevention and control of arboviruses, increase in the production of scientific knowledge with analysis focused on learning the process of investigation of the disease and its sequels, increase of resources destined to research for epidemiological investigation and implementation of new technologies, in addition to expanding environmental education, with dynamic and permanent mechanisms to combat the vector.

References

Adam, B, Beck, U, Loon, Joost van (2000) The risk society and beyond: critical issues for social theory. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: SAGE Publications.

Almeida, F. N (1992). A clínica e a epidemiologia. APCE. ABRASCO.

Bardin, L (1977). Análise de conteúdo. Edições 70.

Barreto M. L (1990). A Epidemiología, sua história e crises: notas para pensar o futuro. In: Costa, D.C(Org.) Epidemiología: teoria e objeto. HUCITEC- ABRASCO.

Brasil (2009), Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde. Departamento de Vigilância Epidemiológica. Diretrizes nacionais para a prevenção e controle de epidemias de Dengue. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde.

Beck, U (2010). Sociedade de risco: rumo a uma outra modernidade. Tradução de Sebastião Nascimento. Ed. 34.

Beck, U (2002). La sociedad del riesgo global. Madrid: Siglo Veintiuno de España Editores.

Beck, U (1998). La sociedad del riesgo: hacia una nueva modernidad.: Paidós, 1998.

Borda, C. E., REA, M. J. F., Rosa, J. R. (2001). Estúdios de la capacidade predadora de peces sobre larvas de Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Comunicaciones científicas y tecnológicas del Centro Nacional de Parasitologia y Enfermidades Tropicales.

Buss, P.M. Globalization and disease: in an unequal world, unequal health. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 18(6), 1783-1788.

Carmo, L.O, Cohn, A. Sociedade de risco e risco epidemiológico. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 22(11), 4.<http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php>.

Casal A.Y. Para uma epistemologia do discurso e da prática antropológica. Cosmos, 1996.

Castiel, L. D. A medida do possível... saúde, risco e tecnobiociências [online]. Contra Capa Livraria, Editora Fiocruz, 1999. 204 p.

Gubler, D. J., 1997. Dengue and dengue hemorragic fever: Its history and resurgence as a global health problem. In: Dengue and dengue and Hemorragic Fever (D. J. Gubler & G. Kuno, eds.), 1-22, CAB International.

Guedes, C. A. Trabalho prescrito e trabalho real nas ações de controle vetorial do Aedes aegypti: nocividade frente ao uso de produtos químicos formulados à base de ingredientes ativos de agrotóxicos. 2016. Dissertação (Mestrado Acadêmico em Saúde Pública) - Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Recife, 2016.

Luhmann, N. El concepto de riesgo. In Sociología del riesgo. México: Universidade Iberoamericana, Triana Ed., 1998. p 43-76.

Lutisk, J. A, Zanchet, B,Guarda , C, Constanci, C, Friedrich, D. V, Cechin, F. T.C, Bones, I. A, Souza, M. F, Balsan, S. T, Zarychta, S. M, Busato, M.A. Infestação pelo mosquito Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidea) na cidade de Chapecó – SC. Revista Biotemas, 26(1), 143-151.

Mafra A. C. C. N., Nucci L. B., V. R. Andrade, M. R. D. Cordeiro, R. & Cordeiro, D. M. P. S. Estudo sobre o risco de dengue no município de Campinas FCM – UNICAMP, Campinas/SP Biomatemática 20 (2010), 125–134

Mendonça, F. A, Souza, A. V de, & Dutra, D. A. Saúde Pública: urbanização e Dengue no Brasil.Revista Sociedade & Natureza, 21(3), 257-269.

Minghua M, Z., Xiumin, F., Rovetta, A., Qichang, H., Vicentini, F., Bingkai, L., & Giusti, A., YI, L. Municipal solid waste management in Pudong New Area, China.Journal of Waste Management .2009.

Odum, E. P., &Barret, G. W. Fundamentos World Health Organization (WHO). 2009. Dengue: Guidelines for Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control.

Published

23/04/2022

How to Cite

COSTA, M. P. .; RAMALHO, Ângela M. C. .; SOUSA, C. M. de . Scenarios of epidemics of arboviruses and health risks in the Semiarid Region of the Northeast: confrontations and challenges. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 6, p. e15911628580, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i6.28580. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/28580. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences