Educational program in palliative care for healthcare professionals: a systematic review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i6.28885

Keywords:

Palliative care; Health education; Health team.

Abstract

Introduction: Introduction: The population aging technological advances led to an increase in the number of elderly people with chronic and life-threatening diseases, requiring a demand for prepared and competent health professionals in palliative care. Objective: To systematically examine the literature on provision of education in palliative care for health professionals. Method: A systematic literature review was performed. Regarding the search for publications, it was carried out through the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature (LILACS) and International Literature in Health Sciences (PUBMED) databases. Results: 335 studies were found, 138 from Lilacs, 67 from Scielo and 130 from Pubmed, on which 09 publications met the criteria for inclusion in the study. Conclusion: From the analysis of the selected studies, it appears that there is a need to increase and improve the offers of educational programs in Palliative Care for health professionals, in which training still prioritizes programs aimed at treating acute and chronic clinical conditions of patients, without paying attention to the care that the patient should receive at the end of life, when there is no longer any disease-modifying therapy.

References

Agra, G., Nagashima, A. M. S., & Costa, M. M. L. (2020). Intervenção educativa acerca dos cuidados paliativos voltados à pessoa com ferida tumoral maligna cutânea: vivência de Enfermeiros. Research, Society and Development, 9(8), 1-18.

Araújo, C. M. C., da Silva, C. A., de Oliveira, E. S., Scwinzekel, G. G. L., Soares, L. G. V., da Silva Nunes, Y., & Neto, J. G. (2022). Reflexões sobre o testamento vital como diretiva antecipada de vontade, na perspectiva dos princípios da autonomia e da dignidade de vida. International Journal of Health Management Review, 8(1), 1-8.

Bélanger, E., Rodríguez, C., Groleau, D., Légaré, F., Macdonald, M. E., & Marchand, R. (2014). Initiating decision-making conversations in palliative care: an ethnographic discourse analysis. BMC palliative care, 13(1), 1-12.

Cezar, V. S., Castilho, R. K., Reys, K. Z., Rabin, E. G., & Waterkemper, R. (2019). Educação permanente em cuidados paliativos: uma proposta de pesquisa-ação. Revista Online de Pesquisa Cuidado é Fundamental, 11, 324-32.

Cortegiani, A., Russotto, V., Raineri, S. M., Gregoretti, C., Giarratano, A., & Mercadante, S. (2018). Attitudes towards end-of-life issues in intensive care unit among Italian anesthesiologists: a nation-wide survey. Supportive Care in Cancer, 26(6), 1773-1780.

Crawford, G. B., & Zambrano, S. C. (2015). Junior doctors’ views of how their undergraduate clinical electives in palliative care influenced their current practice of medicine. Academic Medicine, 90(3), 338-344.

Kelley, A. S., & Morrison, R. S. (2015). Palliative care for the seriously ill. New England Journal of Medicine, 373(8), 747-755.

Lehto, J. T., Hakkarainen, K., Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, P. L., & Saarto, T. (2017). Undergraduate curriculum in palliative medicine at Tampere University increases students’ knowledge. BMC Palliative Care, 16(1), 1-9.

Lynch, T., Connor, S., & Clark, D. (2013). Mapping levels of palliative care development: a global update. Journal of pain and symptom management, 45(6), 1094-1106.

Mehta, A. K., Najjar, S., May, N., Shah, B., & Blackhall, L. (2018). A needs assessment of palliative care education among the United States adult neurology residency programs. Journal of palliative medicine, 21(10), 1448-1457.

Mercadante, S., Gregoretti, C., & Cortegiani, A. (2018). Palliative care in intensive care units: why, where, what, who, when, how. BMC anesthesiology, 18(1), 1-6.

Nakazawa, Y., Yamamoto, R., Kato, M., Miyashita, M., Kizawa, Y., & Morita, T. (2017). Improved knowledge of and difficulties in palliative care among physicians during 2008 and 2015 in Japan: association with a nationwide palliative care education program. Cancer, 124(3), 626-635.

Nogario, A. C. D., Barlem, E. L. D., Tomaschewski-Barlem, J. G., Silveira, R. S. D., Cogo, S. B., & Carvalho, D. P. D. (2020). Implementação de diretivas antecipadas de vontade: facilidades e dificuldades vivenciadas por equipes de cuidados paliativos. Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem, 41.

Oliveira, T. C. B., Maranhão, T. L. G., & Barroso, M. L. (2017). Equipe multiprofissional de cuidados paliativos da oncologia pediátrica: uma revisão sistemática. Id on Line Revista de Psicologia, 11(35), 492-530.

Pastrana, T., Wenk, R., & Lima, L. (2016). Consensus-based palliative care competencies for undergraduate nurses and physicians: a demonstrative process with Colombian universities. Journal of palliative medicine, 19(1), 76-82.

Pieters, J., Verstegen, D., Dolmans, D., Neis, E., Warmenhoven, F., & van den Beuken-van Everdingen, M. (2021). Spiritual dimension in palliative medicine: a qualitative study of learning tasks: medical students, teachers, educationalists. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care.

Silva, G. M., Cavalcante, E. R., de Souza, V. M. S., Lima, K. M. O., da Costa Cavalcanti, B. K., & da Silva, S. S. C. (2018). Análise do conhecimento da equipe multidisciplinar em uma unidade de terapia intensiva a cerca dos cuidados paliativos. Revista Saúde-UNG-Ser, 11(1 ESP), 39.

Silva, A. E., Guimarães, M. A. M., Carvalho, R. C., Carvalho, T. V., Ribeiro, S. A., & Martins, M. R. (2020). Cuidados paliativos: definição e estratégias utilizadas na prática médica. Research, Society and Development, 10(1), 1-8.

Teixeira, K. S. F., da Costa Gircys, J. E., & Corvino, M. P. F. (2021). Relato de experiência em processo de educação permanente: Construção de cartilha participativa sobre cuidados paliativos. Research, Society and Development, 10(7), 1-7.

Vindrola-Padros, C., Mertnoff, R., Lasmarias, C., & Gomez-Batiste, X. (2018). Palliative care education in Latin America: a systematic review of training programs for healthcare professionals. Palliative & Supportive Care, 16(1), 107-117.

Published

24/04/2022

How to Cite

TORRES, L. F.; OLIVEIRA, N. M. S. de . Educational program in palliative care for healthcare professionals: a systematic review . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 6, p. e18011628885, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i6.28885. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/28885. Acesso em: 28 may. 2022.

Issue

Section

Review Article