The importance of physical activity in elderly people with diabetes: integrative review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i7.29706

Keywords:

Physical exercise; Elderly; Diabetes; Aging; Health teaching.

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic pandemic disease that affects approximately 422 million people worldwide, and its prevalence is expected to double in the next 20 years, estimated at 22-33% in the elderly. Aware that PA brings many health benefits, doctors strongly recommend that elderly people with a medical condition, diabetes in this case, practice this action in their daily lives so that they have a healthier quality of life. Methodology: This is an integrative literature review, where the main journal databases used for active article searches were: Scielo, PubMed, Google Scholar, Who. Results and discussions: T2DM is defined as a carbohydrate-related metabolic disease common among older adults with diabetes, who have rapid loss of muscle mass, strength and neurological function, and poorer performance in functional tests, making it an acutely increased risk of diabetes. physical disability and frailty in this population. Physical activity is recognized as the cornerstone of the management of DM2 for improving blood sugar and cardiovascular risk factors, aiding in weight loss, possibly playing a role in the prevention of chronic complications. Conclusion: A The research starts from the need to emphasize the magnitude of PA, given that this practice should be directed not only to young people, but mainly to the elderly, and in this case to diabetics, thus improving their physical fitness, which among several factors influence and enhance the improvement of the well-being of this target audience.

References

Angulo, J., El Assar, M., Álvarez-Bustos, A., & Rodríguez-Mañas, L. (2020). Physical activity and exercise: Strategies to manage frailty. Redox biology, 35, 101513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.redox.2020.101513

Antunes, Y. R., de Oliveira, E. M., Pereira, L. A., & Picanço, M. F. P. (2021). Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2: A importância do diagnóstico precoce da diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The importance of early diabetes diagnosis. Brazilian Journal of Development, 7(12), 116526-116551. https://www.brazilianjournals.com/index.php/BRJD/article/view/41218#:~:text=Diante%20dos%20resultados%20encontrados%2C%20conclui,iniciado%20o%20mais%20r%C3%A1pido%20poss%C3%ADvel.

Borba, A. K. O. T., Arruda, I. K.G., Marques, A. P. O., Leal, M. C. C., Diniz, A. S., & Linhares, F. M. P. (2020). Problematization educational intervention to promote healthy habits in elderly people with diabetes: randomized clinical trial. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem 73(3), e20190719. https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2019-0719

Brasil, C. H. G., Maia, L. C., Caldeira, A. P., Brito, M. F. S. F., & Pinho, L. (2021). Autopercepção positiva de saúde entre idosos não longevos e longevos e fatores associados. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva 26(3), 5157-5170. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320212611.3.06352020

Cleven, L., Krell-Roesch, J., Nigg, C. R., & Woll, A. (2020). The association between physical activity with incident obesity, coronary heart disease, diabetes and hypertension in adults: a systematic review of longitudinal studies published after 2012. BMC public health, 20(1), 726. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08715-4

Franssen, W., Franssen, G., Spaas, J., Solmi, F., & Eijnde, B. O. (2020). Can consumer wearable activity tracker-based interventions improve physical activity and cardiometabolic health in patients with chronic diseases? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, 17(1), 57. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-020-00955-2

Gomes, R. S., Barbosa, A. R., Meneghini, V., Confortin, S. C., Orsi, E., & Rech, C. R. (2020). Association between chronic diseases, multimorbidity and insufficient physical activity among older adults in southern Brazil: a cross-sectional study. Sao Paulo Medical Journal 138(6), 545-553. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2020.0282.R1.15092020

Jadhav, R. A., Maiya, G. A., Hombali, A., Umakanth, S., & Shivashankar, K. N. (2021). Effect of physical activity promotion on adiponectin, leptin and other inflammatory markers in prediabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Acta diabetologica, 58(4), 419–429. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-020-01626-1

Lima, A. P., Benedetti, T. R. B., Oliveira, L. Z., Bavaresco, S. S., & Rech, C. R. (2019). Physical activity is associated with knowledge and attitudes to diabetes type 2 in elderly. Journal of Physical Education 30, e3017. https://doi.org/10.4025/jphyseduc.v30i1.3017

Lima, W. P., Lima, C. A., Santos, R. B., Soares, W. J. S., & Perrancini, M. R. (2020). Utilitarian walking and walking as exercise among community-dwelling older adults: what factors influence it?. Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia 23(1), e190255. https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562020023.190255

Livesey, G., Taylor, R., Livesey, H. F., Buyken, A. E., Jenkins, D., Augustin, L., Sievenpiper, J. L., Barclay, A. W., Liu, S., Wolever, T., Willett, W. C., Brighenti, F., Salas-Salvadó, J., Björck, I., Rizkalla, S. W., Riccardi, G., Vecchia, C. L., Ceriello, A., Trichopoulou, A., Poli, A., & Brand-Miller, J. C. (2019). Dietary Glycemic Index and Load and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Updated Meta-Analyses of Prospective Cohort Studies. Nutrients, 11(6), 1280. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061280

Mendes, R., Martins, S., & Fernandes, L. (2019). Adherence to Medication, Physical Activity and Diet in Older Adults With Diabetes: Its Association With Cognition, Anxiety and Depression. Journal of clinical medicine research, 11(8), 583–592. https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3894

Mendonça, C. D. S., Moura, S. K., & Lopes, D. T. (2018). Benefícios do treinamento de força para idosos: revisão bibliográfica. Revista campo do saber, 4(1). https://periodicos.iesp.edu.br/index.php/campodosaber/article/viewFile/157/137

Moghetti, P., Balducci, S., & Guidetti, L. (2020). Walking for subjects with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and joint AMD/SID/SISMES evidence-based practical guideline. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD, 30(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2020.08.021

Oliveira, M. F., Damo, N. G., Raitz, I. W., Veiga, M. L., & Perreira, L. (2019). Cuidados odontológicos em pacientes diabéticos. Arquivos Catarinenses de Medicina, 48(3), 158-170. https://revista.acm.org.br/index.php/arquivos/article/view/532

Pfeifer, L. O., De Nardi, A. T., da Silva, L., Botton, C. E., do Nascimento, D. M., Teodoro, J. L., Schaan, B. D., & Umpierre, D. (2022). Association Between Physical Exercise Interventions Participation and Functional Capacity in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Controlled Trials. Sports medicine - open, 8(1), 34. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-022-00422-1

Pillatt, A. P., Nielsson, J., & Schneider, R. H. (2019). Efeitos do exercício físico em idosos fragilizados: uma revisão sistemática. Fisioterapia e Pesquisa 26(2), 210-217. https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-2950/18004826022019.

Pozo, I. L., Lucena-Anton, D., Salazar, A., Galán-Mercant, A., & Moral-Munoz, J. A. (2019). Anthropometric, Cardiopulmonary and Metabolic Benefits of the High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate, Low-Intensity or Control for Type 2 Diabetes: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(22), 4524. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224524

Ribeiro, D. R., Calixto, D. M., da Silva, L. L., Alves, R. P. C. N., & Souza, L. M. de C. (2020). Prevalência de diabetes mellitus e hipertensão em idosos. Revista Artigos. Com, 14, e2132. https://acervomais.com.br/index.php/artigos/article/view/2132

Sbd. Diretrizes da Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes: 2019-2020. Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes. São Paulo: Clannad; 2019. https://portaldeboaspraticas.iff.fiocruz.br/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/Diretrizes-Sociedade-Brasileira-de-Diabetes-2019-20201.pdf

Silva, R. S., Bezerra, J. A. X., da Silva, K. V., do Nascimento Silva, N., & Lopes, D. T. (2019). A Importância Da Atividade Física Em Idosos Com Diabetes: Revisão Bibliográfica. Diálogos em Saúde, 1(2). https://periodicos.iesp.edu.br/index.php/dialogosemsaude/article/view/213#:~:text=Atrav%C3%A9s%20das%20leituras%20verificou%2Dse,das%20tarefas%20di%C3%A1rias%20dos%20idosos.

Streb, A. R., Leonel, L. S., Silva, C. S., Silva, R. P., Duca, G. F. (2020). Associação entre a prática de atividade física em diferentes domínios e o uso de insulina em adultos e idosos com diabetes no Brasil. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva 25(11), 4615-4622.https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320202511.02332019

Qin, W., Blanchette, J. E., & Yoon, M. (2020). Self-Efficacy and Diabetes Self-Management in Middle-Aged and Older Adults in the United States: A Systematic Review. Diabetes spectrum: a publication of the American Diabetes Association, 33(4), 315–323. https://doi.org/10.2337/ds19-0051

World Health Organization. (2019). Non communicable diseases. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases

World Health Organization. (2019). Ageing and health. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ageing-and-health

Published

26/05/2022

How to Cite

CARNEIRO, G. de S.; MENDES, L. A. P. P. F. .; LOPES, D. C.; CARDOSO, S. K. O.; DEUS, L. R. S. de .; MELO, F. C.; RODRIGUES, K. B. R.; COUTINHO, I. V. L.; SILVA, A. P. da; PACHECO, N. I. The importance of physical activity in elderly people with diabetes: integrative review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 7, p. e32311729706, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i7.29706. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/29706. Acesso em: 29 feb. 2024.

Issue

Section

Review Article