Water stored in cisterns of vulnerable communities in the region of Mato Grande/Rio Grande do Norte: Quality analysis and proposals for viable social technologies.

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i7.29926

Keywords:

Water quality; Cisterns; Analyses; Social technologies.

Abstract

This article aims to assess the quality of water stored in cisterns, particularly in houses in the Mato Grande Region, an area in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, which has benefited from social government programs. Firstly, a survey was applied to the local population to collect information about the stored water (origin, uses, and treatment methods performed). Subsequently, water samples were collected to perform microbiological analyses. The results show that water is primarily used for many purposes, including drinking. Also, all samples were contaminated by Escherichia coli, a fecal coliform bacterium responsible for many diseases and health problems. These findings suggest the urgent need for public policies and investment in technologies, education, and social development to prevent the proliferation of pathogens in the reservoirs. In addition, the article discusses the most viable alternatives to ensure potable water consumption in disadvantaged populations: the development and large-scale implementation of low-cost intervention methodologies, for example, Social Technologies (TS), that are currently discussed in Brazil by different sectors. Through these actions, a plausible solution is being demonstrated to assist with social needs and, as a result, allow the effective reduction of the social exclusion of individuals in complete alignment with the different pillars of sustainable development established by the United Nations Organization (UN).

Author Biographies

Leandro Silva Costa, Federal Institution of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte

Professor of Biology at the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Norte. Ph.D. in Biochemistry and Post-Doctorate in Professional and Technological Education. Permanent member of the graduate program in Sustainable Use of Natural Resources (PPGUSRN-IFRN) and the graduate program in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (PPGBBM-UFRN). Leader of the Nucleus for Research and Training in Technologies and Education for Sustainable Development (NuTEDS).

Saulo Gregory Carneiro Fonseca, Federal Institution of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte

Bachelor's, Master's and PhD in Chemistry from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Since 2012 is a professor at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte. Member of the Center for Studies and Training in Technologies and Education for Sustainable Development (NuTEDS).

Lorena Antunes Silva, Federal Institution of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte

Technician in Computer Science at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte (2015-2018), in the integrated technical education modality. Undergraduate student in Biological Sciences at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Member of the Center for Studies and Training in Technologies and Education for Sustainable Development (NuTEDS).

Leandro Constantino Silva, Federal Institution of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte

Technician in Computer Science at the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Norte in the integrated technical education modality. Graduating in Information Technology at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Member of the Center for Studies and Training in Technologies and Education for Sustainable Development (NuTEDS).

Anderson Santos de Lima Silva, Federal Institution of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte

Technician in Computer Science at the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Norte in the integrated technical education modality. Member of the Center for Studies and Training in Technologies and Education for Sustainable Development (NuTEDS).

Angelina Maria Lima Araújo, Federal Institution of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte

Technician in Computer Science at the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Norte in the integrated technical education modality. Graduating in Science and Technology at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Member of the Center for Studies and Training in Technologies and Education for Sustainable Development (NuTEDS).

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Published

26/05/2022

How to Cite

COSTA, L. S.; FONSECA, S. G. C. .; SILVA, L. A. .; SILVA, L. C.; SILVA, A. S. de L.; ARAÚJO, A. M. L. . Water stored in cisterns of vulnerable communities in the region of Mato Grande/Rio Grande do Norte: Quality analysis and proposals for viable social technologies. . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 7, p. e31811729926, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i7.29926. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/29926. Acesso em: 7 jul. 2022.

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Section

Health Sciences