Prevalence of anti–Leptospira spp. antibodies among donkeys in the semi-arid northeastern region of Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i11.33655

Keywords:

Donkeys; Equids; Leptospirosis; Serology; Diseases infection.

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that causes financial and significant problems for herds. The objective was to define a prevalence of Leptospira spp. in serovar samples from 145 stray donkeys from the Brazilian semiarid region using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT), 24 serovars of Leptospira spp. Of the reactive animals, 34 of 145 (23%) had titers between 100 and 3,200. The serovars identified in the sera with high frequency were Kennewicki and Bratislava. In these animals serovars, Pyrogenes, Tarassovi, Canicola, Guaricura, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Grippotyphosa and Copenhageni were also used, showing animals with a lower rate of positive reactivity. This result indicates that the animals studied may be in contact with serovars Kennewicki and Bratislava, since wild animals, rodents and swine may harbor these serovars. Thus, the lack of adoption of protected sanitary measures may favor the occurrence of infection in the sampled animals, prevailing in the herd studied.

Author Biographies

Cynthia Maria Morais de Queiroz Galvão, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco

Degree in Veterinary Medicine at the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (2002), Master's in Animal Science in the Tropics at the Federal University of Bahia (2013). Scholarship at the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) from 2011 to 2013. Doctoral student in Animal Bioscience at the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco and scholarship from the Fundação de Amparo a Ciência e Tecnologia de Pernambuco (FACEPE) since 2017.

Müller Ribeiro-Andrade, Universidade Federal de Alagoas

Adjunct Professor, Sector of Parasitology, Institute of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Alagoas. Post-doctorate at the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (PNPD/CAPES/FACEPE). PhD in Animal Bioscience, from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, with a sandwich period at the Complutense University of Madrid - Spain, in the General Directorate of University Policies Program / CAPES (2019). Master in Animal Sciences in the Tropics, with emphasis on Animal Health, in the research line of Infectious Diseases (2015), from the Federal University of Bahia. Graduated in Veterinary Medicine (2013), from the Federal University of Bahia. Acting mainly on the following topics: Coccidian protozoa, cell culture, immunodiagnostics and molecular techniques.

Diego Figueiredo da Costa, Universidade Federal da Paraiba

Veterinarian graduated from the Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Master in Veterinary Medicine and Doctor in Animal Science and Health from the aforementioned institution. He has experience in Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases and Laboratory Diagnosis of Zoonoses, with emphasis on Animal Leptospirosis. He is currently a Veterinarian at the Agricultural Sciences Center (CCA), Campus II of the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), where he works at the Clinical Pathology Laboratory of the Veterinary Hospital.

Wagnner José Nascimento Porto, Universidade Federal de Alagoas

He holds a degree in Biology from the Center for Higher Studies of Maceió (2007), a degree in Veterinary Medicine from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (2000), a Master's in Veterinary Medicine from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (2003) and a PhD in Veterinary Medicine from the Federal University of Pernambuco (2007). He is currently an associate professor at the Federal University of Alagoas and a member of the external evaluation committee of pibic/ufrpe at the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco. Has experience in Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, with emphasis on Parasitic Zoonoses, working mainly on the following topics: epidemiology, neosporosis and toxoplasmosis.

Clebert José Alves, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande

He holds a degree in Veterinary Medicine from the Federal University of Paraíba (1985), a master's degree in Experimental Epidemiology Applied to Zoonoses from the University of São Paulo (1991) and a PhD in Experimental Epidemiology Applied to Zoonoses from the University of São Paulo (1995). He is currently a Full Professor at the Federal University of Campina Grande and leads the Communicable Diseases Research Group and integrates a research group with researchers from the University of São Paulo/Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science. Has experience in Veterinary Medicine, with emphasis on Animal Epidemiology, working mainly on the following subjects: leptospira, isolation, sheep, agglutinins and goats.

Rinaldo Aparecido Mota, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco

He completed the undergraduate course in Veterinary Medicine at UNIFENAS, MG in 1991, residency in the area of ​​Infectious Diseases of Domestic Animals at the Universidade Estadual Júlio de Mesquita, Campus de Botucatu, master's degree in Veterinary Microbiology at the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro in 1993, PhD in Veterinary Sciences from the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro in 1997 with a concentration in Veterinary Parasitology and a post-doctorate in the area of ​​Parasitic Diseases of Ruminants at the Complutense University of Madrid in 2004. He has a Research Productivity Scholarship (CNPq), level 1A and Full Professor in the discipline of Bacteriosis of Domestic Animals at the Department of Veterinary Medicine of the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco. He works as deputy editor of the Brazilian Veterinary Research in the area of ​​Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases and is a consultant for several national and international journals in the areas of infectious and parasitic diseases of animals. He works as a consultant for several funding agencies such as CNPq, CAPES, FAPEMIG, FAPEMA, FACEPE, FAPESB, FAPESQ and FAPEAL and was a member of the Research Chamber representing the area of ​​Agrarian Science at the Fundação de Amparo a Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco , from 2011 to 2015 and is currently a member of the Superior Council of the Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia de Pernambuco (FACEPE). He served as a member of the Advisory Committee in the area of ​​Veterinary Medicine at CNPq, from 2012 to 2015. He was Coordinator of the Postgraduate Program in Animal Bioscience at UFRPE and currently represents Brazil in the Iberoamerican research network for the development of Latin American countries with the objective of standardizing molecular and serological techniques for the diagnosis of infectious and parasitic diseases of ruminant reproduction. mastitis and reproductive diseases of ruminants, with emphasis on toxoplasmosis and neosporosis in ruminants. He is the coordinator of the Postgraduate Programs in the area of ​​Veterinary Medicine at the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) from 2018 to 2022.

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Published

26/08/2022

How to Cite

GALVÃO, C. M. M. de Q. .; RIBEIRO-ANDRADE, M.; COSTA, D. F. da .; SAMICO-FERNANDES, E. F. T. .; PORTO, W. J. N. .; ALVES, C. J. .; MOTA, R. A. . Prevalence of anti–Leptospira spp. antibodies among donkeys in the semi-arid northeastern region of Brazil. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 11, p. e400111133655, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i11.33655. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/33655. Acesso em: 6 oct. 2022.

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Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences