Short-term Pilates protocol promotes improvement in the functional performance of juvenile soccer players




Soccer; Fatigue; Exercise and Movement Techniques; Physiotherapy; Electromyography.


The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of a training program with the Pilates Method on muscle fatigue in youth soccer players. Fifteen male soccer players, sub 13-15 category, with a mean age of 13.27 ± 0.45 years, were randomly divided into two groups: Control group (n = 7) and Pilates group (n = 8). In the Pilates group, an additional training protocol was performed with the Pilates Method alone. In both groups, the concentration of cytokines (TNFα, IL-10), the electrical activity of the rectus femoris, rectus abdominis, biceps femoris and gluteus maximus muscles was evaluated and the Side Hop Test was performed. In both groups, there were no significant changes in the cytokine profile and in the electrical activity of the evaluated muscles, but there was a significant difference in the time taken to perform the Side Hop test for the Pilates group. The application of the Pilates method (solo) as an additional training in youth soccer players did not show greater tolerance to muscle fatigue, however it may have generated an improvement in the functional performance of the athletes.


AAOS. (2003). Pay attention to high school sports injuries. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

Anderson, B. D. & Spector, A. (2000). Introduction to Pilates-based rehabilitation. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Clinics of North America, 9 (3), 395-410.

Arliani, G. G., Almeida, G. P. L., Santos, C. V., Venturini, A. M., Astur, D.C. & Cohen, M. (2013). O efeito do esforço na estabilidade postural em jovens jogadores de futebol. Acta Ortopédica. Brasileira, 21 (3), 155-158. 0.1590/S1413-78522013000300005.

Bertolla, F., Baroni, B. M., Junior, E. C. P. L. & Oltramari, J. D. (2007). Efeito de um programa de treinamento utilizando o método Pilates na flexibilidade de atletas juvenis de futsal. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 13 (4), 222-226. 10.1590/S1517-86922007000400002

Costa, C. F. T. Costa, A. C. S. & Vargas, M. M. (2019). Lesão física, estresse psicológico e enfrentamento em atletas de Futebol. Revista Brasileira de Futsal e Futebol, 11 (43), 208-214. Available in:

Cruz, T. M. F., Germano, M. D., Crisp, A. H., Sindorf, M. A. G., Verlengia, R., Mota, G. R. & Lopes, C. R. (2014). Does Pilates training change physical fitness in young basketball athletes? Journal of Exercise. Physiology Online, 17 (1), 1-9. Available in:

Freitas, D. S., Silva, V., Castro, P. L., Lima, J. P. & Filho, M. B. (2007). Análise do efeito da carga de treinamento sobre a variabilidade da freqüência cardíaca em repouso durante um macrociclo de treinamento. Coleção Pesquisa em Educação Física, 1(6), 67.

Gladwell, V., Head, S., Haggar, M. & Beneke, R. (2006). Does a program of Pilates improve chronic non-specific low back pain? Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 15 (4), 338-350. 10.1123/jsr.15.4.338

Gil, A. C. (2007). Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa. (4a ed.). Atlas.

Gomes, A. C. (2009). Treinamento desportivo: estruturação e periodização. (2a ed.). Artmed Editora.

González-Gálvez, N., Marcos-Pardo, P. J. & Carrasco-Poyatos, M. (2019). Functional improvements after a pilates program in adolescents with a history of back pain: A randomised controlled trial. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 35, 1-7. 10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.01.006

Greig, M. (2008). The influence of soccer-specific fatigue on peak isokinetic torque production of the knee flexors and extensors. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 36 (7), 1403-1409. 10.1177/0363546508314413.

Gronesova, P., Cholujova, D., Kozic, K., Korbuly, M., Vlcek, M., Penesova, A., Imrich, R., Sedlak, J. & Hunakova, L. (2018). Effects of short-term Pilates exercise on selected blood parameters. General Physiology and Biophysics, 37 (4), 443-451. 10.4149/gpb_2018007.

Hermens, H. J., Freriks, B., Disselhorst-Klug, C. & Rau, G. (2000). Development of recommendations for SEMG sensors and sensor placement procedures. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 10(5), 361–374. 10.1016/s1050-6411(00)00027-4.

Herrington, L. & Davies, R. (2005). The influence of Pilates training on the ability to contract the transversus abdominis muscle in asymptomatic individuals. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 9 (1), 52-57. 10.1016/j.jbmt.2003.12.005

Kamonseki, D. H., Cedin, L., Tavares-Preto, J. & Calixtre, L. B. (2018). Reliability, validity, and minimal detectable change of Side Hop Test in male children and adolescents. Physical Theraphy in Sports, 34, 141-147. 10.1016/j.ptsp.2018.09.009.

Kim, H. J., Kim, J. & Kim, C. S. (2014). The effects of pilates exercise on lipid metabolism and inflammatory cytokines mRNA expression in female undergraduates. Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry. 18 (3), 267-75. 10.5717/jenb.2014.18.3.267.

Latey, P. (2001). The Pilates method: history and philosophy. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 5 (4), 275–82. 10.1054/bwmt.2001.0237.

Lim, E. C. W., Poh, R. L. & Wong, W. P. (2011). Effects of Pilates-based exercises on pain and disability in individuals with persistent nonspecific low back pain: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 41 (2), 70-80. 10.2519/jospt.2011.3393.

da Luz, M. A., Costa, L. O. P., Fuhro, F. F., Manzoni, A. C. T., Oliveira, N. T. B. & Cabral, C. M. N. (2013). Effectiveness of mat Pilates or equipment-based Pilates in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain: a protocol of a randomized controlled trial. Musculoskeletal Disorders, 14:16. 10.1186/1471-2474-14-16

Pastre, C. M., Bastos, F. N., Junior, J. N., Vanderlei, L. C. M. & Hoshi, R. A. (2009). Métodos de recuperação pós exercício: uma revisão sistemática. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 15 (2), 138-144. 10.1590/S1517-86922009000200012

Perotto, A. O., Delagi, E. F., Iazzetti, J. & Morrison D. (2011). Anatomical guide for the electromyographer: The limbs and trunk. (5a ed.). Charles C Thomas Publisher.

Pertile, L., Vaccaro, T. C., Marchi, T. D., Rossi, R. P., Grosselli, D. & Mancalossi, J. L. (2011). Estudo comparativo entre o método pilates e exercícios terapêuticos sobre a força muscular e flexibilidade de tronco em atletas de futebol. ConScientiae Saúde, 10 (1), 102-111. 10.5585/ConScientiaeSaude/2011/v10n1/2454.

Phrompaet, S., Paungmali, A., Pirunsan, U., & Sitilertpisan, P. (2011). Effects of Pilates Training on Lumbo-Pelvic Stability and Flexibility. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2 (1), 16-22. 10.5812/asjsm.34822.

Reilly, T., Drust, B. & Clarke, N. (2008). Muscle fatigue during football match-play. Sports Medicine, 38 (5), 357-367. 10.2165/00007256-200838050-00001

Rydeard, R., Leger, A. & Smith, D (2006). Pilates-based therapeutic exercise: effect on subjects with nonspecific chronic low back pain and functional disability: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 36 (7), 472-484. 10.2519/jospt.2006.2144

Sekendiz, B., Altun, Ö., Korkusuz, F. & Akin, S. (2007). Effects of Pilates exercise on trunk strength, endurance and flexibility in sedentary adult females. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 11 (4), 318-326. 10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.12.002

Silveira, A. P. B., Nagel, L. Z., Pereira, D. D., Morita, A. K., Spinoso, D. H., Navega, M. T. & Marques, N. R. (2018). Efeito imediato de uma sessão de treinamento do método Pilates sobre o padrão de cocontração dos músculos estabilizadores do tronco em indivíduos com e sem dor lombar crônica inespecífica. Fisioterapia e Pesquisa, 25 (2), 173-181. 10.1590/1809-2950/17594425022018.

Steinman, J., Vasconcelos, E. H., Ramos, R. M., Botelho, J. L. & Nahas, M. V. Epidemiologia dos acidentes no surfe no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 6 (1), 9-15. 10.1590/S1517-86922000000100004




How to Cite

NOGUEIRA, A. L.; RIBEIRO, D. B.; PAROLINI, F. C. S.; ABREU, M. de .; SALERNO, B. S.; ROGÉRIO, A. de P. .; BERTONCELLO, D. Short-term Pilates protocol promotes improvement in the functional performance of juvenile soccer players. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 14, p. e84111435975, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i14.35975. Disponível em: Acesso em: 8 dec. 2022.



Health Sciences