Impacts on the mental health of nursing professionals involved in the front line in the fight against COVID-19: an integrative review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i14.36301

Keywords:

Nursing; Mental Health; Health Care Professionals; COVID-19.

Abstract

Objective: to investigate the impacts on the mental health of nursing professionals directly involved in the fight against COVID-19. Methodology: an integrative review was carried out. Searches were carried out for materials published in databases from November 2019 to September 2021, using the descriptors "pandemic", "COVID-19", "nursing", "health professionals" and "mental health". Results: in the factors that impacted the mental health of the nursing professional, the precarious working conditions, lack of materials, PPE, technical skills and rest, long working hours were highlighted; impact the mental health of the professional, with feelings such as anxiety, fear, insomnia, stress, depression and Burnout Syndrome; in terms of mental health promotion actions, the use of technologies to contact family and friends, the use of integrative and complementary practices such as auriculoacupuncture, expansion of the supervision of working conditions by the Federal Nursing Council, were highlighted. check PPE availability and workflow. Conclusion: nurses have been facing impacts on their mental health, due to the lack of working conditions, lack of PPE, training and work overload, requiring training, protection and safety actions, as well as psychological support and public policies aimed at mental health of these workers.

References

Almeida, C. A. R. P. N. de, Almeida, G. A. R. P. N. de, Carvalho, M. R. C. T. de, & Marcolino, A. B. de L. (2020). Aspectos relacionados à saúde mental dos profissionais de saúde durante a pandemia do Covid-19: uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Brazilian Journal of Health Review, 3(6), 19481–19491. https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv3n6-327

Baloch, S., Baloch, M. A., Zheng, T., & Pei, X. (2020). The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (Vol. 250, Issue 4, pp. 271–278). https://doi.org/10.1620/tjem.250.271

Barros, A. B., Silva, V. R. da, Gomes, K. E. A., Monte, E. C., Moura, M. E. R. B. de, Alves, S. M., Lira, P. F., & Luz, D. C. R. P. (2020). Impactos da pandemia da COVID-19 na saúde mental dos profissionais de enfermagem. Brazilian Journal of Development, 6(10), 81175–81184. https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n10-514

Clementino, F. de S., Chaves, A. E. P., Pessoa Júnior, J. M., de Miranda, F. A. N., de Medeiros, S. M., & Martiniano, C. S. (2020). Nursing care provided to people with covid-19: Challenges in the performance of the cofen/corens system. Texto e Contexto Enfermagem, 29, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-265x-tce-2020-0251

De Macêdo Rocha, D., Soares E Silva, J., De Abreu, I. M., Mendes, P. M., Leite, H. D. C. S., & Ferreira, M. do C. S. (2021). Psychosocial effects of social distancing during coronavirus infections: Integrative review. ACTA Paulista de Enfermagem, 34. https://doi.org/10.37689/acta-ape/2021AR01141

Kang, L., Ma, S., Chen, M., Yang, J., Wang, Y., Li, R., Yao, L., Bai, H., Cai, Z., Xiang Yang, B., Hu, S., Zhang, K., Wang, G., Ma, C., & Liu, Z. (2020). Impact on mental health and perceptions of psychological care among medical and nursing staff in Wuhan during the 2019 novel coronavirus disease outbreak: A cross-sectional study. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 87, 11–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.03.028

Lima, A. E. da S. (2021). A saúde mental dos profissionais da saúde da linha de frente contra a COVID-19. Fsj.Edu.Br. https://doi.org/10.47094/iicnnesp.2021/47

Lóss, J., Boechat, L., Silva, L. da, & Dias, V. (2020). A saúde mental dos profissionais de saúde na linha de frente contra a Covid-19. Revista Transformar, 14, 52–73. http://www.fsj.edu.br/transformar/index.php/transformar/article/view/375

Medeiros, E. A. S. (2020). A luta dos profissionais de saúde no enfrentamento da COVID-19. In ACTA Paulista de Enfermagem (Vol. 33). https://doi.org/10.37689/ACTA-APE/2020EDT0003

Melo, G. A. A., Lira Neto, J. C. G., Martins, M. G., Pereira, F. G. F., & Caetano, J. Á. (2020). Benefícios da auriculoacupuntura em profissionais de enfermagem atuantes na COVID-19 à luz da Teoria do Conforto. Escola Anna Nery, 24(spe). https://doi.org/10.1590/2177-9465-ean-2020-0311

Miranda, F. B. G., Yamamura, M., Pereira, S. S., Pereira, C. dos S., Protti-Zanatta, S. T., Costa, M. K., & Zerbetto, S. R. (2021). Sofrimento psíquico entre os profissionais de enfermagem durante a pandemia da COVID-19: Scoping Review. Escola Anna Nery, 25(spe). https://doi.org/10.1590/2177-9465-ean-2020-0363

Oliveira, M. L. M. C., Ayres, P., Reis, G. G., Toledo, A. L. M. de, & Silva, S. C. da. (2020). Lêvitude Emocional e as Estratégias da Teoria Cognitivo-Comportamental para o Enfrentamento do COVID-19. Rev Enfermagem e Saúde Coletiva, 4(2), 3–11. https://scholar.google.com.br/scholar?hl=pt-R&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=Lêvitude+Emocional+e+as+Estratégias+da+Teoria+Cognitivo+Comportamental+Para+o+Enfrentamento+do+COVID-19.+&btnG=

Rodrigues Pereira Luz, D. C., Eduardo Campos, J. R., De Oliveira Saraiva Bezerra, P., Campos, J. B. R., Vieira do Nascimento, A. M., & Brito Barros, A. (2021). Burnout e saúde mental em tempos de pandemia de COVID -19: revisão sistemática com metanálise. Nursing (São Paulo), 24(276), 5714–5725. https://doi.org/10.36489/nursing.2021v24i276p5714-5725

Soares, C. B., Hoga, L. A. K., Peduzzi, M., Sangaleti, C., Yonekura, T., & Silva, D. R. A. D. (2014). Integrative review: Concepts and methods used in nursing. Revista Da Escola de Enfermagem, 48(2), 335–345. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-6234201400002000020

Souza, N. V. D. de O., Carvalho, E. C., Soares, S. S. S., Varella, T. C. M. Y. M. L., Pereira, S. R. M., & Andrade, K. B. S. de. (2021). Nursing work in the COVID-19 pandemic and repercussions for workers’ mental health. Revista Gaucha de Enfermagem, 42(spe), e20200225. https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2021.20200225

Trino, A. T., Lima, J. S. D., Machado, C. M. B., Vaz, C. S., Lima, C. C., Melo, B. D., Pereira, D. R., Serpeloni, F., Gomes, G. A. P., Pacheco, J., Kabad, J. F., Machado, M. P. M., Passos, M. F. D., Souza, M. S. e, Magrin, N. P., & Santos, S. G. A. dos. (2020). Recomendações para os consultórios na rua e a rede de serviços que atuam junto com a população em situação de rua. In Recomendações e orientações em saúde mental e atenção psicossocial na COVID-19 (pp. 204–223). https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/44269

Wang, C., Horby, P. W., Hayden, F. G., & Gao, G. F. (2020). A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. In The Lancet (Vol. 395, Issue 10223, pp. 470–473). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30185-9

Whittemore, R., & Knafl, K. (2005). The integrative review: Updated methodology. In Journal of Advanced Nursing (Vol. 52, Issue 5, pp. 546–553). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2005.03621.x

Xiang, Y. T., Yang, Y., Li, W., Zhang, L., Zhang, Q., Cheung, T., & Ng, C. H. (2020). Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. In The Lancet Psychiatry (Vol. 7, Issue 3, pp. 228–229). https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30046-8

Yang, X., Yu, Y., Xu, J., Shu, H., Xia, J., Liu, H., Wu, Y., Zhang, L., Yu, Z., Fang, M., Yu, T., Wang, Y., Pan, S., Zou, X., Yuan, S., & Shang, Y. (2020). Clinical course and outcomes of critically ill patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a single-centered, retrospective, observational study. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 8(5), 475–481. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30079-5

Yin, X., & Zeng, L. (2020). A study on the psychological needs of nurses caring for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 from the perspective of the existence, relatedness, and growth theory. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 7(2), 157–160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnss.2020.04.002

Published

26/10/2022

How to Cite

VILICHANE, I. J. .; MORAES, M. .; SILVEIRA, D. T. da .; HERINGER, T. A. .; CAMPOS, D. de .; POHL, H. H. .; POSSUELO, L. G. . Impacts on the mental health of nursing professionals involved in the front line in the fight against COVID-19: an integrative review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 14, p. e273111436301, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i14.36301. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/36301. Acesso em: 8 dec. 2022.

Issue

Section

Review Article