Tuberculosis in children: challenges in diagnosis

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37287

Keywords:

Child; Tuberculosis; Diagnosis.

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB), despite the existence of a vaccine and effective treatments, is still a major public health challenge and children are significantly affected by not having the disease previously identified. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the existing limitations in diagnostic tests for TB in children, according to national and international literature. This is an integrative review that was carried out using the Lilacs, PubMed, Scopus, Embase and Web of Science databases with indexed descriptors and their respective synonyms in DeCS, Mesh and Emtree, based on the guiding question "What are the limitations existing in diagnostic tests for the detection of TB in children that make it difficult to prove it?”. Titles and abstracts of materials that met the following inclusion criteria were analyzed: full articles, published in Portuguese, English and Spanish in the last 10 years, excluding those that were not characterized as scientific and duplicate articles. Twenty-six articles were selected, which reinforced the importance of the association between the tuberculin test, epidemiological, radiological factors and clinical picture for the diagnostic elucidation of TB that are usually performed by specialized services, considering the complexity of diagnostic elucidation and follow-up of these cases, since that underdiagnosis can interfere with quality of life and adequate management.

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Published

15/11/2022

How to Cite

SANTOS, B. A.; FEITOSA, V. G.; BRANCO JUNIOR, A. G. .; ORFÃO, N. H. Tuberculosis in children: challenges in diagnosis. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 15, p. e222111537287, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37287. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/37287. Acesso em: 9 feb. 2023.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences