Systematic review of the ergometric effect of caffeine




Caffeine; Efficiency; Sports; Physical exercise; Fatigue.


Caffeine is a stimulating substance found in certain plants, which helps in sports in improving the athlete's performance. The incentive in the scientific branch for research is essential to understand the benefits and harms of this resource for users, studies that aim to track and detect measures that mitigate the fatigue of athletes are essential to increase their competitive performance. Thus, the present research aimed to investigate the relationship between the ergogenic effect of caffeine and the impact on the practice of physical exercise. For this, a systematic review of its effects was carried out, using the Scielo and Pubmed databases. Therefore, in the systematic search, 433 articles were found, which were filtered with exclusion and inclusion criteria, converting to an amount of 8 articles. Finally, the effectiveness of caffeine as a potent ergogenic that delays parasympathetic stimulation, heart rate recovery, but mainly capable of producing improvements in muscle endurance in different sports has been identified in several works.                                


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Castillo, D., Domínguez, R., Rodríguez-Fernández, A., & Raya-González, J. (2019). Effects of Caffeine Supplementation on Power Performance in a Flywheel Device: A Randomised, Double-Blind Cross-Over Study. Nutrients, 11(2), 255. . Accessed 11 Nov. 2019.

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Domaszewski, P., Pakosz, P., Konieczny, M., Bączkowicz, D., & Sadowska-Krępa, E. (2021). Caffeine-Induced Effects on Human Skeletal Muscle Contraction Time and Maximal Displacement Measured by Tensiomyography. Nutrients, 13(3), 815. Accessed 16 Nov. 2021.

Ferreira TT, da Silva JVF, Bueno NB. Effects of caffeine supplementation on muscle endurance, maximum strength, and perceived exertion in adults submitted to strength training: a systematic review and meta-analyses. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2021,61(15):2587-2600. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2020.1781051. Epub 2020 Jun 18. PMID: 32551869.

Grgic, J., Grgic, I., Pickering, C., Schoenfeld, B. J., Bishop, D. J., & Pedisic, Z. (2020). Wake up and smell the coffee: caffeine supplementation and exercise performance-an umbrella review of 21 published meta-analyses. British journal of sports medicine, 54(11), 681–688.

Grgic, J., Sabol, F., Venier, S., Mikulic, I., Bratkovic, N., Schoenfeld, B. J., Pickering, C., Bishop, D. J., Pedisic, Z., & Mikulic, P. (2019). What Dose of Caffeine to Use: Acute Effects of 3 Doses of Caffeine on Muscle Endurance and Strength. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 1–8. Advance online publication.

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Lara, B., Ruiz-Moreno, C., Salinero, J. J., & Del Coso, J. (2019). Time course of tolerance to the performance benefits of caffeine. PloS one, 14(1), e0210275.

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Santos, C. C. M. dos, & Fabi, J. P. (2019). Cafeína: suplemento ergogênico aplicado ao esporte (Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso (Graduação). Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo. Recuperado de

Skinner, T. L., Desbrow, B., Arapova, J., Schaumberg, M. A., Osborne, J., Grant, G. D., Anoopkumar-Dukie, S., & Leveritt, M. D. (2019). Women Experience the Same Ergogenic Response to Caffeine as Men. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 51(6), 1195–1202.

Yu, J., Lim, J. H., Seo, S. W., Lee, D., Hong, J., Kim, J., Kim, S., Nekar, D. M., & Kang, H. (2022). Effects of Caffeine Intake on Cardiopulmonary Variables and QT Interval after a Moderate-Intensity Aerobic Exercise in Healthy Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. BioMed research international, 2022, 3170947.



How to Cite

MARQUES, B. G. .; MAIA, L. S. .; OLIVEIRA, M. T. de; SOUTO , V. B. M.; AMARAL , T. M. do .; RABELO , G. N. da C. Systematic review of the ergometric effect of caffeine . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 12, n. 4, p. e3412440825, 2023. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v12i4.40825. Disponível em: Acesso em: 3 dec. 2023.



Health Sciences