Use of biomass sorghum for the bioremediation of heavy metal-contaminated environments

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.6770

Keywords:

Copper; Nickel; Phytoremediation; Sorghum bicolor.

Abstract

Heavy metal-contaminated areas are a recurring problem in a society that increasingly demands fossil fuels, pesticides and fertilizers. Traditional methods to recover these areas are generally very expensive, and phytoremediation can be a solution for their decontamination by removing these contaminants from the soil through the harvest of the plants grown in the affected site, as these elements are extracted from the soil. The harvested part can be used for non-food purposes, such as energy production. In this scenario, the sorghum plant emerges as an alternative owing to its high ability to accumulate biomass in a short time and bioelectricity production potential. This study proposes to examine the use of biomass sorghum for the bioremediation of environments contaminated with the heavy metals Cu and Ni. The experiment was carried out in the municipality of Jaguariúna - SP, Brazil, using four doses of Ni (0, 10.5, 47 and 210 mg kg-1) and Cu (0, 200, 300 and 400 mg kg-1). The sorghum plants exhibited good development even at the highest Cu and Ni doses applied to the soil. The highest levels of Cu and Ni were concentrated in the roots. Biomass sorghum can be indicated for the phytoremediation of environments contaminated with Cu and Ni.

Author Biographies

André May, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária Meio Ambiente

Pesquisador

Evandro Henrique Figueiredo Moura da Silva, Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", Universidade de São Paulo

Doutorando em Engenharia de Sistemas Agrícolas

Michelli de Souza dos Santos, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária Meio Ambiente

Bolsista de Pós doutorado

Ronaldo da Silva Viana, Faculdades de Ciências Agrárias e Tecnológicas

Professor Assistente Doutor

Flávia Cristina dos Santos, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária Milho e Sorgo

Pesquisadora

Manoel Ricardo de Albuquerque Filho, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária Milho e Sorgo

Pesquisador

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Published

13/08/2020

How to Cite

May, A., Silva, E. H. F. M. da, Santos, M. de S. dos, Viana, R. da S., Santos, F. C. dos, & Albuquerque Filho, M. R. de. (2020). Use of biomass sorghum for the bioremediation of heavy metal-contaminated environments. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e95996770. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.6770

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Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences