The ecological footprint as a comparative instrument of the levels of environmental sustainability in public and private schools in the Municipality of Pombal, Paraíba, Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7268

Keywords:

Environmental impacts; Environment; Ecological footprint; Sustainability.

Abstract

The environmental impacts caused by man and the advancement of the concept of environmental sustainability made it necessary to classify and quantify the performance of governments and the population with regard to sustainability. The so-called ‘sustainability indicators’ serve to analyze the degree of environmental impacts caused in different media. The ecological footprint is one of the main known sustainability indicators, as it assesses the natural resources, the consumption pattern of the populations and verifies whether these patterns are within the country's ecological capacity. The objective was to calculate the ecological footprint in two schools in the municipality of Pombal, in the state of Paraíba, one public and one private school. The ecological footprint was calculated by applying a multiple-choice questionnaire relating different themes. The Ecological Footprint of private school students was higher than that of public schools, but both exceeded the world average. It was possible to observe that the students' income is positively related to the environmental impacts caused by them. Promoting greater awareness of students from both schools is essential to reduce environmental impacts.

References

Agra Filho, S. S., de Oliveira Marinho, M. M., & dos Santos, R. D. A. S. (2020). Indicadores de sustentabilidade ambiental urbana: uma análise comparativa com os indicadores nacionais propostos para os Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS). Bahia Análise & Dados, 29(2), 195-213.

Carletto, D. L., & de Oliveira, T. M. N. (2017). Educação ambiental e sustentabilidade: a Pegada Ecológica na Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Cachoeira, Joinville, SC. Acta Biológica Catarinense, 4(3), 136-144.

Deschacht, N., & Winter, A. (2015). Rural crisis and rural exodus? Local migration dynamics during the crisis of the 1840s in Flanders (Belgium). Explorations in Economic History, 56, 32-52.

Dias, G. F. (2002). Pegada ecológica e sustentabilidade humana: as dimensões humanas das alterações ambientais globais-um estudo de caso brasileiro (como o metabolismo ecossistêmico urbano contribui para as alterações ambientais globais). In Pegada ecológica e sustentabilidade humana: as dimensões humanas das alterações ambientais globais-um estudo de caso brasileiro (como o metabolismo ecossistêmico urbano contribui para as alterações ambientais globais) (pp. 257-257).

Dias, R. (2012). Gestão Ambiental: Responsabilidade Social e Sustentabilidade. São Paulo: Atlas, 2009. FANG, Y.

Fan, Y., & Fang, C. (2020). Assessing environmental performance of eco-industrial development in industrial parks. Waste Management, 107, 219-226.

Lamim-Guedes, V. (2018). Pegada ecológica: consumo de recursos naturais e meio ambiente. Educação Ambiental em Ação, 38.

Lima, G. F. D. C. (2002). Crise ambiental, educação e cidadania: os desafios da sustentabilidade emancipatória. Educação ambiental: repensando o espaço da cidadania. São Paulo: Cortez, 109-142.

Rodrigues, S. C. M., Dias, L. A. L., Carvalho, A. C., Fenzl, N., & do Canto Lopes, L. O. (2019). Os recursos naturais no processo de desenvolvimento econômico capitalista. Semioses, 13(4), 50-68.

Severo, E. A., de Guimarães, J. C. F., & Dorion, E. C. H. (2017). Cleaner production and environmental management as sustainable product innovation antecedents: A survey in Brazilian industries. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142, 87-97.

WWF: Pegada Ecológica Global. Disponível em: http://www.wwf.org.br/natureza_brasileira/ especiais/pegada_ecologica/pegada_ecologica_global/. Acessado em: 30 abr 2020.

WWF BRASIL. Pegada ecológica: que marcas queremos deixar no planeta? Brasilia: [s.n.], 2007. Disponível em: https://ecopedagogia.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/pegada_ecologica. pdf. Acessado em: 17 mai 2020.

Published

23/08/2020

How to Cite

Leite, R., Almeida, G. F. de, Sousa, A. N. de, Araújo, A. de O., Pereira, D. S. O., Cardoso, E. F., Mendes, H. da S., & Cordato, L. S. S. (2020). The ecological footprint as a comparative instrument of the levels of environmental sustainability in public and private schools in the Municipality of Pombal, Paraíba, Brazil. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e419997268. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7268

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences