Profile analysis of patients with dizziness in a tertiary hospital in Rio Grande do Norte
Keywords:Dizziness; Vertigo; Labyrinth disorders; Vestibular diseases.
Objective: to provide a profile of patient with dizziness complaint in a terciary hospital in Rio Grande do Norte (RN). Methods: 444 medical records were analyzed in a retrospective analytical study, within a quantitative approach, divided into four groups: sex and age (1), characteristics of dizziness (2), comorbidities and risk factors (3) and findings in the physical examination (4). We assign p <0.05 as an indicator of statistical significance Results: of the 444 medical records analyzed, 367 cases were admitted for analysis, 92 of whom were male and 275 female. In addition, most of them reported spinning vertigo (78.3%), lasting for seconds (51%) without association with falling (25.7%) or loss of consciousness (9.3%). The most prevalent etiologies were, Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (33%), cochlear-vestibular dysfunction (17%) and Menière's disease (14%). Conclusions: the most frequent profile of patients with dizziness is female, in middle age (median of 52), hypertensive, and Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is the most prevalent etiology.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Yasmin de Medeiros Carvalho; Henrique de Paula Bedaque; Wildna Sharon Martins da Costa; Raysa Vanessa de Medeiros Freitas; Lidiane Maria de Brito Macedo Ferreira; Karyna Myrelly Oliveira Bezerra de Figueiredo Ribeiro; José Diniz Júnior
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