Recurrence quantification analysis of monthly rainfall time series in Pernambuco, Brazil
Keywords:Rainfall; Recurrence plot; Recurrence quantification analysis
Precipitation is the main climatic variable that is used for modeling risks indices for natural disasters. We investigated nonlinear dynamics of monthly rainfall temporal series recorded from 1962 to 2012, at three stations in Pernambuco state, Brazil, located in regions with different rainfall regime (Zona da Mata, Agreste and Sertão), provided by the Meteorological Laboratory of the Institute of Technology of Pernambuco (Laboratório de Meteorologia do Instituto de Tecnologia de Pernambuco – LAMEP/ITEP). The objective of this work is to contribute to a better understanding of the spatiotemporal distribution of rainfall in the state of Pernambuco. We use the methodology from nonlinear dynamics theory, Recurrence plot (RP) that allows to distinguish between different types of underlying processes. The results showed that rainfall regime in deep inland semiarid Sertão region is characterized by weaker and less complex deterministic behavior, comparing to Zona da Mata and Agreste, where we identified transitions between chaotic and nonstationary type of dynamics. For transitional Agreste region rainfall dynamics showed stronger memory with longer mean prediction time, while for sub humid Zona da Mata rainfall dynamics is characterized by laminar (slowly changing) states.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Leika Irabele Tenório de Santana; Antonio Samuel Alves da Silva; Rômulo Simões Cezar Menezes; Tatijana Stosic
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