Production of red dracene seedlings (Cordyline terminalis) on decomposed stem and babassu substrate

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7850

Keywords:

plant growth; quality; organic substrate

Abstract

Ao longo da história, uma produção de plantas ornamentais tornou-se uma forma de agricultura altamente especializada e intensiva. O objetivo trabalho foi avaliar a utilização do caule decomposto do babaçu (CDB) na produção de dracena vermelha ( Cordyline terminalis)) seedlings by vegetative propagation. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse with 70% luminosity control from October to December 2018, at the Center for Agricultural and Environmental Sciences at the Federal University of Maranhão.). Six substrate formulations: S0: 100% soil; S20: 20% CDB + 80% soil; S40: 40% CDB + 60% soil; S60: 60% CDB + 40% soil; S80: 80% CDB + 20% soil; S100: 100% CDB, were distributed in a completely randomized design with 4 replications, totaling 24 experimental units. Stake survival was evaluated (PS,%); the number of shoots (NB) and leaves (NF); leaf area (AF, cm²); diameter of the largest bud (DMB, cm); root length (CR, cm); root volume (VR, cm³); dry mass of aerial part (MSPA, g) and root (MSR, g) by ANOVA followed by comparison of means by the Tukey test at 5% significance. There was a significant effect for PS, MFSR and AF. The decomposed babassu stem can be used as a substrate for the vegetative propagation of red dracene, and a 60/40 CDB/soil ratio is recommended.

Author Biographies

Valdrickson Costa Garreto, Federal Unversity of Maranhão

Graduating in Agronomy at the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA) at the Center of Agrarian and Environmental Sciences (CCAA). Member of the research groups FRUTIMA and FLORIMA, where he works in the area of production of fruit and flowering seedlings, using regional substrates.

Larissa Ramos dos Santos, Federal University of Maranhão

Graduating in Agronomy at the Center of Agrarian and Environmental Sciences of the Federal University of Maranhão (CCAA/UFMA), where she works as a student, researcher in the research group Frutima / Florima. Technician in agriculture by the Federal Institute of Maranhão (IFMA-Campus Maracanã). She has experience with the production of vegetable and fruit seedlings, cultivation of annual crops and production of earthworm humus, due to her internship in an agricultural company, Fazenda Capixaba.

Amália Santos da Silva, Federal Unversity of Maranhão

Graduating in Agronomy at the Center of Agrarian and Environmental Sciences of the Federal University of Maranhão - UFMA, Campus IV, Chapadinha-Ma, where she works as a student, researcher in the Group of Research in Fruitculture in Maranhão-Frutima. She has experience with the production of vegetable, fruit and flowering seedlings, production of earthworm humus, cultivation of annual crops and chemical control of large crops such as corn and soybeans.

 

Misael Batista Farias Araújo, Federal Unversity of Maranhão

Currently attending the ninth period of bachelor's degree in agronomy at the Center of Agrarian and Environmental Sciences (CCAA) of the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA), where he has already acted as a monitor in the disciplines of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Analytical and Instrumental Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Plant Physiology in the school periods 2016.2, 2017.1, 2017.2 and 2018.1 respectively. He was a scholarship holder of the Institutional Program of Scientific Initiation Scholarships (PIBIC) by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), through the research subproject: PRODUCTION OF MANDIOCA VARIETIES (Manihot esculenta Crantz) USEING DIFFERENT SOURCES OF ORGANIC FUELS. He is a member of the Research Group on Fruitculture in Maranhão (FRUTIMA). He has experience in Agronomy, with emphasis on fruit growing and plant production, working mainly on the following topics: production of seedlings, regional substrates, etc..

Hosana Aguiar Freitas de Andrade, Federal Unversity of Ceará

She is a Master's candidate for the Graduate Program in Soil Science at the Federal University of Ceará (PPGCS/UFC), where she works in the area of soil chemistry, fertility and biology, specifically in the line of research on plant nutrition. Graduated in Agronomy from the Center of Agrarian and Environmental Sciences of the Federal University of Maranhão (CCAA/UFMA).

Francisca Gyslane de Sousa Garreto, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" - School of Agronomic Sciences

Agronomist Engineer, graduated from Universidade Federal do Maranhão - UFMA. During her graduation she was a scholarship holder of the Institutional Program of Scientific Initiation Scholarships/PIBIC-UFMA. Master in Agronomy (Agriculture) from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas de Botucatu - UNESP/FCA. Currently pursuing a PhD in Agronomy (Agriculture) at Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas de Botucatu - UNESP/FCA. Experience in Agronomy, working mainly in the following subjects: Ecophysiology and management of large crops in production systems, water/soil/plant relationship, soil management and conservation, fertilization and nutrition of plants and phytotechnics.

Nítalo André Farias Machado, Federal Unversity of Ceará

He has a degree in Agronomy (2015) and a Master in Animal Science (2018) from the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA). He is currently an agricultural technician at UFMA and a regular student of the PhD in Agricultural Engineering at the Federal University of Ceará. He has experience in the area of Agricultural Engineering, working mainly on the following topics: Agricultural Environment, Biometeorology, Precision Zootechnics, Animal Welfare, Waste Recovery, Mining and Data Analysis.

Milena Maria Tomaz de Oliveira, Ben Gurion University of the Negev - Israel

Postdoctoral researcher, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel (2019-currently); PhD in Agronomy/phytotechny from Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC (2019). She has a Masters in Plant Physiology from the Federal University of Viçosa - UFV (2015). Agronomic Engineer graduated from the Federal University of Ceará - UFC (2013). Lecturer EAD/Semipresencial in the post-graduation courses in Agronomy and Agribusiness at Faculdades UnYleYa/WPós (2015-Atual); Subjects: Plant Improvement of Cultivated Species (AgrOr 6); Organic Management Plan - Organic Pre-Certification (AgrOr 3); Hygiene and Food Legislation (DNPA 5); Agricultural Scenarios in Brazil (EAgr 2) and Professional Profile in Agribusiness (EAgr 6). Collaboration and orientation of CNPq Agronomy - UFC (Projects in the area of Fruticulture). He was a Scientific Initiation Fellow of CNPq-PIBIC (2009-2013) by Embrapa Agroindustry Tropical agreement EMBRAPA/CNPAT-UFC where he worked with research projects whose principles involve the Ecophysiology of exotic fruits; Adding value to tropical fruits; Simulation of climate change regionalized: impacts and adaptations among others. He works in the area of Agronomy (Phytotechny) and Food Technology. Has experience in research lines: Biochemistry, Physiology and Post-harvest Technology; Genetic improvement of cultivated species; Ethnobotany; Quality and Bioactive Compounds of tropical fruits; Storage of fruits, vegetables and ornamental aiming the prolongation of shelf life; Physiology of Ethylene; Physiology of Maturation; Use of Growth Regulators (AVG/GA3) and Prospection of properties in Functional Foods. Currently develops research aimed at the cultivation of unusual fruit species of the Cactaceae family, the "Pitahaya". The studies are inherent to the response to shading in gas exchange, biochemistry, proteomics, anatomy, phenology, production and quality of Pitaia, under the edaphoclimatic conditions of the State of Ceará, Brazil.

Jesimiel da Silva Viana, Federal Unversity of Ceará

Agronomist engineer by the Federal University of Ceará, with experience in activities involving the area of Seed Technology and Plant Genetic Improvement, specifically with regard to activities inherent to Germplasm Banks.

Raissa Rachel Salustriano da Silva-Matos, Federal Unversity of Maranhão

Assistant professor of Agronomy at the Center for Agrarian and Environmental Sciences (CCAA) of the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA). Biologist at the University of Pernambuco - UPE (2009), Master in Agronomy - Soils and Plant Nutrition at the Federal University of Piauí - UFPI (2012), with scholarship from CNPq, and PhD in Agronomy at the Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB (2016), with scholarship from CAPES. She has experience in Agronomy, with emphasis on phytotechnics, physiology of cultivated plants, plant propagation, crop management, mineral nutrition of plants, fertilization, acting mainly with fruit growing and floriculture.

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Published

07/09/2020

How to Cite

Garreto, V. C. ., Santos, L. R. dos ., Silva, A. S. da ., Araújo, M. B. F. ., Andrade, H. A. F. de ., Garreto, F. G. de S. ., Machado, N. A. F. ., Oliveira, M. M. T. de ., Viana, J. da S., & Silva-Matos, R. R. S. da . (2020). Production of red dracene seedlings (Cordyline terminalis) on decomposed stem and babassu substrate. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e797997850. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7850

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences