Influence of different amounts of royal jelly on the development of queens of Africanized bees (Apis mellifera L.)

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.8071

Keywords:

Beekeeping; Queens production; Royal jelly.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the influence of larval feeding of queens of Africanized bees (Apis mellifera L.) on the acceptance of transferred larvae, during the time of development until adulthood, as well as the influence of different forms of larval feeding on body mass. right after the emergency. For the production of queens, the Doolitle method was used, in which different amounts of royal jelly were introduced, according to the treatments below. TR (20): transfer of the larva in 20μl; TR (170): Transfer of the larva in 170μl and TR (20 + 150): Transfer of the larva in 20μl with supplementation of 150μl in 72 hours after transfer. The acceptance of the larvae was similar in all treatments, but the practice of reapplying food in the domes 72 hours after the larval transfer caused mortality in the larvae. The growth time of the larvae was different among all treatments (p <0.05), where the TR (170) showed a faster development. When assessing the body mass of queens when they emerged, it was noticed that TR (20) and TR (170) did not differ from each other (p> 0.05), but both were superior to TR (20 + 150) (p <0, 05). It was concluded that transferring larvae in large quantities of royal jelly for the production of queens does not influence the acceptance of the transferred larvae, but on the time of larval development. However, the influence on growth time is almost inexpressive and the supply of food in a second moment for the same larva is not recommended.

References

Akyol, E., Yeninar, H., Korkmaz, A., & Çakmak, I. (2008). An observation study on the effects of queen age on some characteristics of honeybee colonies. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 7(1), 19-25. doi: 10.4081/ijas.2008.19.

Cobey, S. W. (2007). Comparison studies of instrumentally inseminated and naturally mated honey bee queens and factors affecting their performance. Apidologie, 38(4), 390-410. doi: 10.1051/apido:2007029.

Doolittle, G. M. (1900). Scientific queen rearing. Newman&Son. Chicago: 169p.

Hatjina, F., Bieńkowska, M., Charistos, L., Chlebo, R., Costa, C., Dražić, M. M., ... & Kopernicky, J. (2014). A review of methods used in some European countries for assessing the quality of honey bee queens through their physical characters and the performance of their colonies. Journal of Apicultural Research, 53(3), 337-363. doi: 10.3896/IBRA.1.53.3.02.

Hendriksma, H. P., Härtel, S., & Steffan‐Dewenter, I. (2011). Honey bee risk assessment: new approaches for in vitro larvae rearing and data analyses. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 2(5), 509-517. doi: 10.1111/j.2041-210X.2011.00099.x.

Johnson, B. R. (2010). Division of labor in honeybees: form, function, and proximate mechanisms. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64(3), 305-316. doi: 10.1007/s00265-009-0874-7.

Kamel, S. M., Osman, M. A. M., Mahmoud, M. F., Mohamed, K. M., & Abd Allah, S. M. (2013). Morphometric study of newly emerged unmated queens of honey bee Apis mellifera L. in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt. Arthropods, 2(2), 80.

Klein, A. M., Vaissiere, B. E., Cane, J. H., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Cunningham, S. A., Kremen, C., & Tscharntke, T. (2007). Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. Proceedings of the royal society B: biological sciences, 274(1608), 303-313. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2006.3721.

Mahbobi, A., Farshineh-Adl, M., Woyke, J., & Abbasi, S. (2012). Effects of the age of grafted larvae and the effects of supplemental feeding on some morphological characteristics of Iranian queen honey bees (Apis mellifera meda Skorikov, 1929). Journal of Apicultural Science, 56(1), 93-98. doi: 10.2478/v10289-012-0010-1.

Medeiros, P. V. Q., Pereira, D. S., Maracajá, P. B., & Sakamoto, S. M. (2011). Produção de abelhas rainha Apis mellifera spp.(africanizadas) no semiárido cearense, Brasil. Revista verde de agroecologia e desenvolvimento sustentável, 6(5), 46-50.

Moreira, S. B. L. C., Queiroz, G. S., de Castro, H. A., de Souza, E. A., Pereira, D. S., & de Holanda Neto, J. P. (2017). Infestação do ácaro Varroa destructor em colônias de abelhas africanizadas (Apis mellifera L.) no Semiárido potiguar, Nordeste do Brasil. Revista Verde - (Pombal - PB) 12(1), 143-149.

Pereira, D. S., da Silva Paiva, C., Barbosa, G. R., Marajá, P. B., & de Lima, C. J. (2013). Produção de rainhas (Apis mellifera L.), e taxa de fecundação natural em quatro municípios do nordeste brasileiro. Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável, 8(2), 09-16.

Pereira, D. S., Coelho, W. A. C., Blanco, B. S., & Maracajá, P. B. (2014) Produção de abelhas rainha européias (Apis mellifera), utilizando diferentes métodos de manejo em Captain Cook, Havai, EUA. ACTA Apicola Brasilica, 2(1), 08-15.

Pereira, D. S., Paiva, C. D. S., Coelho, W. A. C., de Holanda-Neto, J. P., da Silva, A. F., & Maracajá, P. B. (2015) Peso de rainhas virgens africanizadas produzidas em colônias submetidas a diferentes suplementações alimentares em Mossoró-RN, Brasil. ACTA Apicola Brasilica, 3(1), 8-24.

Pinheiro, M. D. S. M., Royer, A. F. B., Martins, O., & de Alimentos, E. (2015) Avaliação de dois testes de comportamento higiênico em colônias de Apis mellifera. Enciclopédia Biosfera,11(22), 2907-2913.doi:10.18677/Enciclopedia_Biosfera_2015_009.

Qu, N., Jiang, J., Sun, L., Lai, C., Sun, L., & Wu, X. (2008). Proteomic characterization of royal jelly proteins in Chinese (Apis cerana cerana) and European (Apis mellifera) honeybees. Biochemistry (moscow), 73(6), 676. doi: 10.1134/S0006297908060072.

Rangel, J., Keller, J. J., & Tarpy, D. R. (2013). The effects of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queen reproductive potential on colony growth. Insectes sociaux, 60(1), 65-73. doi: 10.1007/s00040-012-0267-1.

Santos, R. G. (2015). Longevidade e Produção de Abelhas rainhas africanizadas (Apis mellifera L.) em colmeias sob condições de sol e sombra no Semiárido do Nordeste brasileiro. 109 f. Dissertação (Mestre no curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal) Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido (UFERSA), Mossoró, 2015.

Sousa, D. A. (2009). Aspectos reprodutivos de rainhas africanizadas (Apis melífera L.): influência do peso ao nascer no desempenho das colônias. 111p. (Dissertação de mestrado). FFCLRP, Ribeirão Preto – USP, 2009.

Sereia, M. J., Toledo, V. D. A. A. D., Furlan, A. C., Faquinello, P., Maia, F. M. C., & Wielewski, P. (2013). Alternative sources of supplements for Africanized honeybees submitted to royal jelly production. Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences, 35(2), 165-171. doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v35i2.16976.

Klosowski, A. L. M., Kuasoski, M., & Bonetti, M. B. P. (2020). Apicultura brasileira: inovação e propriedade industrial. Revista de Política Agrícola, 1(1), 41.

Traynor, K. S., Le Conte, Y., & Page, R. E. (2014). Queen and young larval pheromones impact nursing and reproductive physiology of honey bee (Apis mellifera) workers. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology, 68(12), 2059-2073. doi: 10.1007/s00265-014-1811-y.

Winston, M. L. (2003). The biology of the honey bee. Cambridge: Havard University Press, 281p.

Zhang, G., Zhang, W., Cui, X., & Xu, B. (2015). Zinc nutrition increases the antioxidant defenses of honey bees. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 156(3), 201-210. doi: 10.1111/eea.12342.

Published

15/09/2020

How to Cite

Silva, R. E. da ., Muniz, V. I. M. de S. ., Sousa, F. B. de ., Farias, F. F. M. de ., Felix, J. A. ., Nascimento, J. E. de M. ., Rodrigues , P. M. S. ., & Alves, J. E. (2020). Influence of different amounts of royal jelly on the development of queens of Africanized bees (Apis mellifera L.). Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e994998071. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.8071

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences