Education and health in the school context: promotion of eating habits to prevent risk factors for systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i11.9390

Keywords:

Hypertension; Feeding behavior; Risk factors; Diabetes Mellitus.

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to describe a health education action in the prevention of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Systemic Arterial Hypertension (SAH). This is a descriptive study, of the experience report type, lived by medical students from the Federal University of Pará, which carried out an action of health education in order to guide on the importance of physical exercises, food intake to 8th grade students at a municipal elementary and elementary school located in the area covered by Condor's Family Health Strategy (ESF), located in the capital of Belém do Pará. An intervention was then proposed, which sought to analyze eating habits and knowledge about SAH and DM and also bring knowledge about healthy eating and the harms of an unruly diet. An incipient knowledge about SAH and DM is perceived, in addition to the consumption of industrialized foods, rich in fats, carbohydrates and sugars and a low adherence in the consumption of fruits and vegetables. However, it was evidenced that the practice of physical activities was predominant among students. Finally, it was noted that socioeconomic factors directly influence eating habits, the health-disease process of a population and that it is essential to implement public policies in the school environment aiming at healthy lifestyle habits for the prevention of prevalent chronic diseases.

References

Andrade, S. S. A., et al (2013). Prevalência de hipertensão arterial autorreferida na população brasileira: análise da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde. Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde, 24(2), 297-304.

Bakker, E. A., et al (2018). Physical activity and fitness for the prevention of hypertension, Current Opinion In Cardiology, 33(4), 394-401.

Berbel, N. A. N. (2011). As metodologias ativas e a promoção da autonomia de estudantes. Semina: Ciências Sociais e Humanas, 32(1), 25-40.

Berkey, C. S., et al (2004). Sugar-Added Beverages and Adolescent Weight Change, Obesity research, 12(5), 778-88.

Brasil (2018). Ministério da Saúde. Portaria SES-DF Nº 161 de 21 de fevereiro de 2018, publicada no DODF Nº 37 de 23.02.2018 – Protocolo. Brasília; 2018.

Cecchetto, F. H., et al (2017). Playful Interventions Increase Knowledge about Healthy Habits and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children: The CARDIOKIDS Randomized Study, Arquivos Brasileiro de Cardiologia, 109(3), 199-207.

Diaz, K. M., & Shimbo, D. (2013). Physical Activity and the Prevention of Hypertension, Current Hypertension Reports, 15(6), 659–668.

Gorga, E., et al (2016). School and family-based interventions for promoting a healthy lifestyle among children and adolescents in Italy: a systematic review, Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, 17(8), 547-55.

Iser, B. P. M., et al (2015). Prevalência de diabetes autorreferido no Brasil: resultados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde 2013. Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde, 24(2), 305-314.

Kolb, H., & Martin, S. (2017). Environmental/lifestyle factors in the pathogenesis and prevention of type 2 diabetes, BMC Medicine, 15(1), 1-11

Lobo, L. A. C., et al (2017). Tendência temporal da prevalência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica no Brasil. Caderno de Saúde Pública, 33(6), e00035316.

Louzada, M. L., et al (2015). Consumption of ultra-processed foods and obesity in Brazilian adolescents and adults, Preventive Medicine, 81, 9–15.

Machado, A. P., et al (2016). Educational strategies for the prevention of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity, Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira, 62(8), 800-808.

Malik, V. S. (2017). Sugar sweetened beverages and cardiometabolic health, Current Opinion In Cardiology, 32(5), 572-57.

Pala, D., et al (2018). Açai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) dietary intake affects plasma lipids, apolipoproteins, cholesteryl ester transfer to high-density lipoprotein and redox metabolism: A prospective study in women, Clinical Nutrition, 37(2), 18-623.

Ridley, K., et al. (2018). Children’s physical activity levels during organised sports practices. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 21(9), 930-934.

Torres H. C., et al (2018). Evaluation of the effects of a diabetes educational program: a randomized clinical trial, Revista de Saúde Pública, 52(8), 1-11.

Tortorella, C. C. S., et al (2017). Tendência temporal da prevalência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica e diabetes mellitus entre adultos cadastrados no Sistema Único de Saúde em Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, 2004-2011. Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde, 26(3), 469-480.

Published

20/11/2020

How to Cite

Vasconcelos, L. A. de ., Gellen, L. P. A. ., Castro, P. M. ., Hondermann , B. M. F. ., Ganzer , P. C. S. ., Teixeira, M. H. da S. ., Melo, N. M. de ., Rodrigues , A. F. C. ., Brasil, S. B. dos S. ., & Costa, N. Y. . (2020). Education and health in the school context: promotion of eating habits to prevent risk factors for systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Research, Society and Development, 9(11), e4249119390. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i11.9390

Issue

Section

Health Sciences