Association between nutritional deficiencies and sarcopenia in the elderly: an integrative review




Sarcopenia; Nutrients; Food consumption.


Sarcopenia is characterized by reduced muscle mass, associated with decreased muscle strength or physical performance and presents itself as an important problem that affects individuals over the years. In the current context, nutrition and physical activity have stood out as important pillars for the prevention and treatment of this frailty syndrome. The study aimed to analyze how good consumption related tô the diagnosis of sarcopenia, the food consumption of the elderly and their relationship with the diagnosis of sarcopenia, noting which are the main nutrients that are involved in this process. It is an integrative review, with a systematic search, carried out through the Pubmed databases; Scientific Electronic Scientific Library Online (SCIELO) scientific library; Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS) and Web of Science. The search terms were “Elderly, Nutrients, Sarcopenia and Eating”. Initially, a total of 530 publications was obtained, after careful evaluation the final sample consisted of 6 articles. Despite the lack of standardization of studies, it was observed that the consumption of inadequate proteins, micronutrients and minerals, especially vitamin D, E, A, B, magnesium, selenium, potassium, calcium and zinc, are involved in the diagnosis of sarcopenia, as well as a Mediterranean eating pattern is associated with reduced risk. The need for studies using standardized methods is emphasized in order to enable more reliable comparisons between results and of a longitudinal character.

Author Biographies

Raíra Kirlly Cavalcante Bezerra, Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte

Nutricionista graduada pelo Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Ceará (IFCE); Pós-Graduada em Saúde da Família pela Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-brasileira (UNILAB); Especialista em Saúde da Família e Comunidade na Categoria de Residência Integrada em Saúde pela Escola de Saúde Pública do Ceará (ESP/CE); atualmente Mestranda e bolsista CAPES em Saúde e Sociedade pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação da Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte (PPGSS-UERN) e Membro do  Grupo de Pesquisa Atenção à Saúde do Adulto e do Idoso (UERN).

Priscilla Ferreira Lemos, Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte

Fisioterapeuta pelo Centro Universitário de João; Especialista em Fisioterapia Intensiva pela Associação Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva; Aperfeiçoamento e formação no Método Pilates Clínico e Fitness com ênfase em distúrbios da coluna vertebral pela CIRP; Trabalhou como docente na Universidade Potiguar - Campus Mossoró e na Universidade Regional da Bahia (UNIRB); atualmente é Mestranda e bolsista CAPES pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação de Saúde e Sociedade (PPGSS- UERN) e Membro do Grupo de Pesquisa Atenção à Saúde do Adulto e do Idoso (UERN).

Francisca Patrícia Barreto de Carvalho, Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte

Enfermeira graduada em licenciatura e bacharelado pela Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte (UERN); Doutora em Enfermagem pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN); Mestra pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação do Centro de Ciências da Saúde/Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN); Especialista em Ensino de Saúde/Enfermagem pela Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ); Professora Adjunto IV da Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte (UERN); possui experiência como enfermeira do Programa de Saúde da Família e da Atenção Básica; atualmente exerce a atividade de Analista Técnico na Fundação de Apoio a Pesquisa do Rio Grande do Norte; Membro do Grupo de Pesquisa Atenção à Saúde do Adulto e do Idoso (UERN) com experiência de pesquisas em Doenças Crônicas, Envelhecimento Humano e Saúde do Idoso.


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How to Cite

Bezerra, R. K. C., Lemos, P. F., & Carvalho, F. P. B. de. (2020). Association between nutritional deficiencies and sarcopenia in the elderly: an integrative review. Research, Society and Development, 9(11), e3099119638.



Health Sciences