Muscle and biomechanical response time in patrol horses submitted to functional training
Keywords:Stretching; Kinematics; Muscle hypertrophy; Dynamic mobilization.
Physical activities frequency and intensity performed by equine, athletes or workers, have been growing significantly enabling appearance of musculoskeletal disorders. Thus, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of a functional training program to measure short-, medium- and long-term response on epaxial musculature development, as well in linear kinematics of patrol horses. Eight 14±3.5 years-old horses, weighing 418±50 kg, were evaluated over a 90 days period to divided in short (30 days), medium (60 days) and long (90 days) responses. All horses were submitted to the same FTP consisting of passive stretching exercises, dynamic mobilization, reflexive mobilization and dynamic imbalance. The monitored traits were the Longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle thickness; the Musculus multifidus (MM) total cross-sectional muscle area; linear kinematic analysis through the stride length at walk (LSW) and trot (LST). The thickness of the right and left side-LD showed increase at 90-day of the training period. The MM total cross-sectional area increased progressively after 30 days on both sides of the body, and at end of the 90-day evaluation. LSW and LST increased after 60 days of training. It is concluded for short-term; exercises promoted the hypertrophy of Musculus multifidus; for medium-term, increased the stride length and, and for long-term, hypertrophy of the Longissimus dorsi was observed.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Paula Gomes Rodrigues; Katia de Oliveira; Stéphanie de Souza Vitório Alves; Camila Fernada Fidêncio; Clístenes Gomes de Oliveira; Lahesgyla Nascimento Fontes; José Miradelson Oliveira Carvalho; Camilla Mendonça Silva; Anselmo Domingos Ferreira Santos
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