Energy-protein supplementation before and after parturition of Nellore primiparous cows in the Brazilian tropical savannah

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i3.13231

Keywords:

Reproductive efficiency; Pregnancy rate; Nutritional supplement.

Abstract

Reproduction is associated to the profitability of beef herds, which affects the level of productivity and is influenced by nutritional level. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of protein and energy supplementation, before and after parturition, on reproductive variables of Nellore primiparous cows extensively raised in the Brazilian tropical savannah. Eighty pregnant heifers with parturition estimated for a 45 d period during the dry season were randomly divided into four treatments: Control, received a mineral salt and urea mixture pre and postpartum; PRE, protein-energy mixture from the 210th gestational day until parturition; POS, protein-energy mixture from parturition until 90 d afterwards; PREPOS, protein/energy mixture from the 210th gestational day until the 90th day after parturition. Number of days to complete uterine involution (UI) was 37.0 (Control); 31.3 (PRE); 33.1 (POST) and 25.3 (PREPOST) with differences (P<0.05). Calving Interval (CI) was 370.4 (Control), 369.5 (PRE); 365.9 (POST) and 343.7 (PREPOST) days, with differences (P<0.05). Pregnancy rate (PR) was 64.7%; 76.5%; 65.0%; and 55.0%, respectively, for CONTROL PRE, POS, PREPOS, without difference (p>0.05). In conclusion, energy-protein supplementation of Nellore primiparous cows raised in extensive systems under tropical conditions, before and after parturition, reduces days to uterine involution and calving interval.

References

ACNB. 2019. http://www.nelore.org.br/Raca

Astessiano, A. L., Pérez-Clariget, R. L., Espasandín, A. C., López-Mazz, C, Soca, P. & Carriquiry, M. (2013). Metabolic, productive and reproductive responses to postpartum short-term supplementation in primiparous beef cows. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia. 42: 246-253.

Batalha, M. A. (2011). The Brazilian cerrado is not a biome. Biota Neotropical 11: 21-24.

Calegare, L, Alencar, M. M, Packer, I. U, Ferrel, C. L., & Lanna, D. P. D. (2009). Cow/calf preweaning efficiency of Nellore and Bos Taurus x Bos indicus crosses. Journal of Animal Science. 87: 740-747.

Detmann, E, Valente, E. E. L., Batista, D, Huhtanen, P. (2014). An evaluation of the performance and efficiency of nitrogen utilization in cattle fed tropical Grass pastures with supplementation. Livestock Science. 162:141-153.

Diskin, M. G, Waters, S. M., Parr, M. H. & Kenny, D. A. (2016). Pregnancy losses in cattle: potential for improvement. Reproduction, Fertility and Development. 28: 83-93.

Franco, M. L., Detmann, E., Valadares-Filho, S. C., Batista, E. D., Rufino, L. M. A, Barbosa, M. M. & Lopes, A. R. (2017). Intake, digestibility, and rumen and metabolic characteristics of cattle fed low-quality tropical forage and supplemented with nitrogen and different levels of starch. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science. 30:797-803.

Grossi, D. A., Berton, M. P, Buzanskas, M. E, Chud, T. C. S., Grupioni, N. V., Paz, C. C. P., Lôbo, R. B. & Munari, D. P. (2016). Genetic analysis on accumulated productivity and calving intervals in Nelore cattle. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 48: 207–210

Joner, G., Alves Filho, D., Brondani, I. L., Borchate, D., Klein, J. L., Domingues, C. C., Rodrigues, L. S., & Machado, D. S. (2018). Partum and postpartum characteristics on the postpartum rebreeding in beef cattle. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. 90:2479-2490.

Kane K. K., Hawkins, Pulsipher, G. D., Denniston, D. J., Krehbiel, C. R, Thomas, M. G., Petersen, M. K., Hallford, D. M. M., Remmenga, D. A., Roberts, J & Keisler, D. H. (2004). Effect of increasing levels of undegradable intake protein on metabolic and endocrine factors in estrous cycling beef heifers. Journal of Animal Science. 82:283–291.

Lobato, J. F. P., Menegaz, A. L. & Pereira, A. C. G. (2010). Pre- and pos-calving forage systems and reproductive performance of primiparous cows. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia. 39: 2081-2090.

Lopes, S. A., Paulino, M. F., Detmann, E, Rennó, L. N., Valente, E. E. L., Cabral, C. H. A., Manso, M. R., Bonfá, H. C. (2016). Evaluation of grazing beef cows receiving supplements with different protein contents. Semina Ciencias Agrarias. 37:3361-3372.

McNamara, S., Butler, T., Ryan, D. P., Mee, J. F., Dillon, P., Mara, F. P. O., Butler, S. T., Anglesey, D., Rath, M. & Murphy, J. J. (2003). Effect of offering rumen-protected fat supplements on fertility and performance in spring-calving Holstein-Friesian cows. Animal Reproduction Science.79:45-56.

Galindo, J, Estrada, S, Galina, C. S., Molina, R, Contreras, D. A. & Maquivar, M. (2015). Effect of an energy supplementation, weaning and oestrous synchronisation on ovarian activity and ovulation in early postpartum primiparous Bos indicus cows raised in the tropics of Costa Rica. Animal Production Science. 56:1810-1815.

Nogueira A. P. C., Ferreira, I. C., Alvarenga, P. B., Hermisdorff, I. C. & Cipriano, L. F. (2014). Performance of Nellore primiparous cows and calves submitted to different management of weaning. Boletim da Industria Animal. 71:26-33.

Pereira, A. S., Shitsuka, D. M., Parreira, F. J. & Shitsuka, R. (2018). Methodology of cientific research. UFSM Editors. Accessed on: May, 24, 2020. https://repositorio.ufsm.br/bitstream/handle/1/15824/ Lic_Computacao_Metodologia-Pesquisa-Cientifica.pdf?sequence=1.

SAS - Statistical Analysis System – SAS. (2000). User’s guide Version 8. 1028p.

Sidibé-Anago A. G., Ouedraogo, G. A. & Ledin, I. (2008). Effect of season and supplementation during late pregnancy and early lactation on the performance of Zebu cows and calves. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 3:640–646.

Souza, M. A, Detmann, E, Paulino, M. F., Sampaio, C. B., Lazzarini, I. & Valadares Filho, S. C. (2010). Intake, digestibility, and rumen dynamics of neutral detergent fibre in cattle fed low-quality tropical forage and supplemented with nitrogen and/or starch. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 42:1299–1310.

Swangchan-Uthai T., Chen, Q., Kirton, S. E, Fenwick, M. A, Cheng, Z., Patton, J.,Fouladi-Nashta, A. A., & Wathes, D. C. (2013). Influence of energy balance on the antimicrobial peptides S100A8 and S100A9 in the endometrium of the post-partum dairy cow. Reproduction. 145: 527–539.

Ziemniczak, H. M., Fabian, G. A., Matos, I. J. R., Pazdiora, B. R. C. N., Valentim, J. K., Marques, O. F. C., Lopes, T. M., Freitas, J. V., Saturnino, K. C. & Pazdiora, R. D. (2020). Termination of nellore cattle with different pasture supplementations. Research, Society and Development.9: e131942967. 10.33448/rsd-v9i4.2967.

Downloads

Published

10/03/2021

How to Cite

BRASIL, I. de G. .; NAVES, A. C. .; MACEDO, I. M. .; TEIXEIRA, R. C. .; VIU, M. A. de O. .; LOPES, D. T. .; GAMBARINI, M. L. Energy-protein supplementation before and after parturition of Nellore primiparous cows in the Brazilian tropical savannah. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. e14710313231, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i3.13231. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/13231. Acesso em: 17 apr. 2021.

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences