Weight gain and nutritional status of women with gestational diabetes mellitus

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i3.13565

Keywords:

Diabetes Gestational; Gestational Weight Gain; Nutritional status.

Abstract

Objective: To analyze weight gain and nutritional status of pregnant women with diabetes mellitus gestational. Methodology: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study, conducted from August to December 2020, in a high-risk pregnancy reference service in Pernambuco. Information on anthropometric, socioeconomic, demographic, clinical, obstetric and lifestyle data were collected. To statistical analysis the Pearson’s Chi-Square and Fisher’s Exact tests, were performed, when applicable, at 5% significance level. Results: 101 high-risk pregnant women were studied, with mean age 30,73 ± 6,29, most (79,2%) with previous overweight and with weight gain during gestation (85,1%). Excessive weight gain was prevalent (45,3%), revealing positive association with current nutritional status. The presence of pathologies associated with DMG was the only obstetric data which showed a significative association with previous and current nutritional status and gestational weight gain, regardless of the type of comorbidities. Conclusion: Excess weight gain was prevalent, as well as the frequency of overweight before and during pregnancy, which shows the importance of nutritional monitoring in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus.  

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Published

23/03/2021

How to Cite

NERIS, V. A.; SILVA , T. V. N. da; ALBUQUERQUE, M. N. de L. .; AUGUSTO, F. D. R.; GOMES, A. C. B. .; SILVA , S. A. da; MAIO , R. .; BURGOS, M. G. P. de A. . Weight gain and nutritional status of women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. e48510313565, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i3.13565. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/13565. Acesso em: 14 apr. 2021.

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Section

Health Sciences