Analysis of the relationship between the birth quartile and the maturation stage of young athletes

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i4.13740

Keywords:

Sports Performance; Sport; Puberty; Children; Teenagers.

Abstract

Many mistakes are made due to the difficulty in using tools in the search for identification and selection of talents in the sport. This study analyzed the relationship between the birth quartile and the maturation stage of young athletes. A total of 238 individuals were selected, having practiced sports for at least one year, of both sexes (12.4 ± 2.16 years). The birth dates were distributed according to the corresponding birth quartiles. The evaluation of maturation was performed by subtracting bone age from chronological age, bone age was measured by a highly reliable mathematical model that uses anthropometric variables. The birth quartiles were not associated with the biological maturation stage (male: r = 0.03, p = 0.6; female: r = 0.04, p = 0.6). The birth quartiles were not significant for predicting the biological maturation stage (male: β = 0.15, p = 0.1; female: β = 0.8, p = 0.1). In both sexes, when considering the birth quartiles, the maturation stages did not show significant differences (p = 0.2) and the subjects born in the same year and quartile presented different levels of biological maturation (η²p <0.22). Such results suggest that there is no correlation between birth quartiles and maturation stages.

References

Almeida-Neto, P. F.; de Matos, D. G.; Baxter-Jones, A. D. G.; Batista, G. R.; Pinto, V. C. M.; Dantas M.; Aidar, F. J.; Dantas P. M. S.; Cabral, B. G. A. T. (2020) The effectiveness of biological maturation and lean mass in relation to muscle strength performance in elite young athletes. Sustainability, 12 (17), 6696. 10.3390/su12176696

Almeida-Neto, P. F., Silva Dantas, P. M., Pinto, V. C. M., Cesário, T. D. M., Ribeiro Campos, N. M., Santana, E. E., & Tinoco Cabral, B. G. D. A. (2020). Biological Maturation and Hormonal Markers, Relationship to Neuromotor Performance in Female Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(9), 3277.

Almeida-Neto, P. F. D., de Matos, D. G., Pinto, V. C. M., Dantas, P. M. S., Cesário, T. D. M., da Silva, L. F., & Cabral, B. G. D. A. T. (2020). Can the Neuromuscular Performance of Young Athletes Be Influenced by Hormone Levels and Different Stages of Puberty? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (16), 5637. 10.3390/ijerph17165637

Cabral, S. D. A. T., Cabral, B. G. D. A. T., Pinto, V. C. M., Andrade, R. D. D., Borges, M. V. D. O., & Dantas, P. M. S. (2016). Relationship of age with bone and fitness anthropometry practitioners in youth volleyball. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte, 38(1), 69-75.

Campos, N. M., Santos, G. H., Teixeira, R. V., da Silva, L. M., de S Barbosa, P. R., Santana, E. E., & Breno, G. D. A. (2019). Maturação e controle inibitório: Implicações para o processo de seleção de talentos. Motricidade, 15, 128-133.

Cohen, J. (1988). The t test for means. Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences. éd: Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Dantas, M. P., Silva, L. F., Gantois, P., Silva, L. M., Dantas, R. N., & Cabral, B. T. (2018). Relationship between maturation and explosive strength in young rowers/ Relação entre maturacao e forca explosiva em remadores jovens. Motricidade, 14(S1), 112-121.

De Almeida-Neto, P. F., Arrais, R. F., de Matos, D. G., Cesário, T. D., Correia, A. B., Silva, L. F., & Cabral, B. G. (2020). The influence of biological maturation and neuromuscular performance on peak bone mineral density in children. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness.

De Macêdo Cesário, T., de Almeida‐Neto, P. F., de Matos, D. G., Wells, J., Aidar, F. J., & Cabral, B. G. A. T. (2020). Evaluation of the body adiposity index against dual‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry for assessing body composition in children and adolescents. American Journal of Human Biology, e23503.

Figueiredo, A. J., Coelho e Silva, M. J., & Malina, R. M. (2011). Predictors of functional capacity and skill in youth soccer players. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 21(3), 446-454.

Johnston, K., Wattie, N., Schorer, J., & Baker, J. (2018). Talent identification in sport: a systematic review. Sports Medicine, 48(1), 97-109.

Karupaiah, T. (2018). Limited (ISAK) profiling The International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism, 3(1), 11-11.

Lloyd, R. S., Oliver, J. L., Faigenbaum, A. D., Myer, G. D., & Croix, M. B. D. S. (2014). Chronological age vs. biological maturation: implications for exercise programming in youth. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(5), 1454-1464. 10.1519 / JSC.0000000000000391

Malina, R. M., Rogol, A. D., Cumming, S. P., e Silva, M. J. C., & Figueiredo, A. J. (2015). Biological maturation of youth athletes: assessment and implications. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(13), 852-859. 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094623

Malina, R. M., & Bouchard, C. (2002). Atividade física do atleta jovem: do crescimento à maturação. Editora Roca.

Malina, R. M. (1994). Physical growth and biological maturation of young athletes. Exercise and sport sciences reviews, 22(1), 280-284.

Matsudo, V. K., Rivet, R. E., & Pereira, M. H. (1987). Standard score assessment on physique and performance of Brazilian athletes in a six tiered competitive sports model. Journal of sports sciences, 5(1), 49-53. Doi: 10.1080/02640418708729763

Megan, H., et al. (2019): Relative age and maturation selection biases in academy football, Journal of Sports Sciences. 10.1080/02640414.2019.1649524

Patel, R., Nevill, A., Smith, T., Cloak, R., & Wyon, M. (2020). The influence of birth quartile, maturation, anthropometry and physical performances on player retention: observations from an elite football academy. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 15(2), 121-134. 10.1177 / 1747954120906507

Penna, E. M. (2012). Relação entre mês de nascimento e estatura de atletas do mundial de futebol sub 17. Revista brasileira cineantropometria desempenho humano, 571-581. 10.5007/1980-0037.2012v14n5p571

Perini, T. A. Lameira de Oliveira G., Santos Ornellas J., Palha de Oliveira F. (2005). Technicalerrorofmeasurement in anthropometry. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 11, 86-90.

Pinto, V. C. M., dos Santos, P. G. M. D., Dantas, M. P., Araújo, J. P. D. F., Cabral, S. D. A. T., & Cabral, B. G. D. A. T. (2017). Relationship between skeletal age, hormonal markers and physical capacity in adolescents. Journal of Human Growth and Development, 27(1), 77-83. 10.7322/jhgd.127658

Schober, P., Boer, C., & Schwarte, L. A. (2018). Correlation coefficients: appropriate use and interpretation. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 126(5), 1763-1768.

Simões, T. B., Santana, E. E., Dantas, I. C., Castro, K. R., Dantas, R. P., Araújo, J. P. F., & Cabral, B. A. (2018). Marcadores cognitivos e prática esportiva em diferentes estágios maturacionais. Motricidade, 14.

Sounis, E. (1971). Bio estatística; princípios fundamentais, metodologia estatística. Aplicação às Ciências Biológicas. In Bio estatística; princípios fundamentais, metodologia estatística. Aplicação às Ciências Biológicas (pp. 228-228).

Till, K., & Baker, J. (2020). Challenges and [possible] solutions to optimizing talent identification and development in sport. Frontiers in psychology, 11. 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00664. PMID: 32351427;

Von Elm, E., Altman, D. G., Egger, M., Pocock, S. J., Gøtzsche, P. C., Vandenbroucke, J. P., & Strobe Initiative. (2014). The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. International journal of surgery, 12(12), 1495-1499.

Zhao, K., Hohmann, A., Chang, Y., Zhang, B., Pion, J., & Gao, B. (2019). Physiological, anthropometric, and motor characteristics of elite Chinese youth athletes from six different sports. Frontiers in physiology, 10, 405. 10.3389/fphys.2019.00405

Published

02/04/2021

How to Cite

LOBATO, C. H.; ALMEIDA-NETO, P. F. de .; CESÁRIO, T. de M. .; BARBOZA NETO, R. .; PAIVA, P. H. M. de .; MEDEIROS, R. C. da S. C. de .; DANTAS, P. M. S. .; CABRAL, B. G. de A. T. . Analysis of the relationship between the birth quartile and the maturation stage of young athletes. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. e12710413740, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i4.13740. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/13740. Acesso em: 11 apr. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences